Notes and Editorial Reviews
Ernst von Gemmingen (1759-1813) was a composer, violinist and later diplomat as well as one of Mozart's friends. He was a member of the family of the Lords of Gemmingen. Sometime after 1790, he composed his four violin concertos likely for local concerts. The imperial city of Heilbronn was noted for a lively musical life. Two of the concertos are recorded here by Kolja Lessing. Gemmingen's reputation as a composer was known but after his death, his works fell into oblivion. Only in 1994 was his music rediscovered by experts researching his music library in the archives of Castle Hornberg. Gemmingen's concertos were described as "impressive" and "remarkable". The concertos show him to be a knowledgeable and skillful early Romantic era composer with formal skills and melodic ingenuity. In violinistic style, his works are reminiscent of the concertos of Giovanni Battista Viotti. As of today, other complete works of him were not found.
Johann Matthias Sperger (1750-1812) was an Austrian composer and contrabassist. Sperger was so impressed with the effect and originality of Haydn’s ‘Farewell’ Symphony that he composed this musical counterpart, an ‘Arrival’ Symphony, which opens with a violin duet on the concert stage, followed by other instruments gradually joining in, to eventually conclude with the whole orchestra. Sperger composed over forty-four other symphonies and numerous concertos, including eighteen contrabass concertos.