Johann Simon Mayr
MEDEA IN CORINTO
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Also available on standard DVD
Creonte – Alastair Miles
Egeo – Alek Shrader
Medea – Nadja Michael
Giasone – Ramón Vargas
Creusa – Elena Tsallagova
Evandro – Kenneth Roberson
Tideo – Francesco Petrozzi
Ismene – Laura Nicorescu
Bavarian State Opera Chorus
(chorus master: Andrés Máspero)
Bavarian State Orchestra
Ivor Bolton, conductor
Hans Neuenfels, stage director
Anna Viebrock, set designer
Elina Schnizler, costume designer
Michael Bauer, lighting designer
Recorded live from the Nationaltheater München, 2010.
- Making of Medea in Corinto – Including interviews with the cast and production team as well as rehearsal and backstage footage.
- Exclusive interview about the life and work of Johann Simon (Giovanni Simone) Mayr.
Picture format: 1080i Full-HD
Sound format: PCM Stereo / DTS-HD Master Audio 5.0
Region code: 0 (worldwide)
Subtitles: Italian, English, German, French, Spanish, Chinese, Korean
Running time: 151 mins (opera) + 48 mins (bonus)
No. of Discs: 1 (BD 50)
R E V I E W:
German-born Mayr was studying in Italy when his patron died. Faced with an uncertain future the composer Niccolo Piccinni encouraged him to write opera. Mayr’s first opera,
(1794), attracted other commissions. His
Ginevra di Scozia
premiered in Trieste (1801) made him known throughout Italy. Subsequently Mayr wrote operas for Naples, Rome, Milan and Venice and they were also performed in Germany, London, St. Petersburg and New York. In all he wrote over sixty operatic works, many in the buffo style. He brought increased vividness and orchestral detail to opera buffa, with depictions of storms, earthquakes and the like as well as complex choral scenes. These built on, and extended, the compositional style of Domenico Cimarosa (1749-1801) and Giovanni Paisiello (1740-1816). His influence is readily heard in the operas of Rossini (1792-1868) and Donizetti (1797-1848) in particular.
As well as composition of operas, Mayr found fame as a composer of church music, as the author of a treatise on Haydn and as the founder of a conservatory in Bergamo where his students included Donizetti whom he taught without charge for ten years. Mayr also paid for Donizetti’s study with Padre Mattei a renowned teacher of counterpoint. He later also ceded commissions to his pupil that helped his career to take off. Mayr’s most famous work is his
Medea in Corinto
(1813). He eventually went blind and Verdi, recognising his influence on Italian music, perhaps even his own, attended his funeral. According to the booklet essay (p.8) Verdi gave the oration. Mayr’s main works can be said to unite the stylistic characteristics of Viennese classicism with Italian melodic exuberance. Although his music is largely forgotten today all the major European theatres saw productions during his lifetime.
For a long time, the only operas by Mayr’s featured on records were
Ginevra di Scozia
Medea in Corinto,
each issued by
on three CDs. The former (ORC 11) was recorded at a revival in Trieste to commemorate the two hundredth anniversary of the premiere. It features Elizabeth Vidal and Daniella Barcelona among the principals. The latter (ORC 23) has the spinto soprano Jane Eaglen alongside Opera Rara regulars and the Rossini specialist Raul Gimenez. There is also an extracts disc from this issue focusing on Eaglen (ORR 215). In 2008, Opera Rara also issued a CD entitled
(ORR 244) involving excerpts from eight of his operas including the two mentioned as well as
, a recording of which was issued by Oehms Classics. This was derived from performances in the State Theatre Braunschweig during performances in March 2008. Interest in the composer and his works has been stimulated by the establishment of the
International Simon Mayr Society
in Ingolstadt in 1995. This was to mark the 150
anniversary of the composer’s death. The Society numbers among its objects bringing his operas before the public and the production of Critical Editions such as that used here. The year 2010 has seen at least two productions of this opera: the other being at St Gallen in Switzerland (Opera Magazine. April 2010, p.451). This recording, issued on DVD and Blu-Ray, claims to be a world premiere filming of one of Mayr’s operas.
Medea In Corinto
is based on the ancient tragedy of the eponymous sorceress who kills her children in a mad act of blind revenge against their father, her faithless husband Giasone (Jason). Director Hans Neuenfels believes the story deals with timeless subjects and stages this tragedy of betrayed love, lust for power and murderous hatred as a socio-political thriller updated to the present day. Typical of the anti-traditional
Munich productions the controversial director interweaves scenes of seemingly gratuitous brutality. Designer Anna Viebrock's stage is set on two levels, allowing a mixture of realities. The costumes range in period from Hymeniaos in green tights to the mythological appearance of a prancing constantly grinning Amour with two incongruous silver wings on his back. The ladies are in knee length modern-day haute couture, or at least the Primark version, with hats that might require extra security checks at your local airport. For the men lounge suits are generally sufficient for carrying pistols and the knives for cutting throats. Situations, rather than specific time-frames, are what seems important to Neuenfels.
Mayr’s justifiable claim to fame rather than neglect arises from his skilled orchestration. The music of the opera is full of melodic inspiration, and his use of text is exemplary with orchestration that moves significantly beyond Gluck, who one senses, is an influence. The arias are in the
tradition with plenty of space for decoration. Looking at the cast of the premiere in Naples and seeing the names of Isabella Colbran in the title role, the baritonal tenor Andrea Nozzari as Giasone and the lighter-toned coloratura tenor Manuel Garcia as Egeo one has a sense of the musical demands on at least some of the principals. The heaviest singing load in terms of musical and histrionic demand is to be found in the title role. Munich has it absolutely right in casting Nadja Michael. She has the soprano extension required but added to strength in the lower, mezzo part of the voice, as one might expect in a singer assaying that fach not so long ago. Her entrance aria (CHs 8-10) and mini mad scene as Medea contemplates the killing of her children (CH.33) are sung and acted with rare conviction. For me the choice of Ramón Vargas for the role of Giasone seemed strange. I had never thought of him as a baritonal tenor, particularly having seen him as Don Ottavio only recently in the Metropolitan Opera transmission of
; Ottavio is a role whose vocal requirements are the antithesis of baritonal with floated notes the order of the day particularly in
Dala sua pace
. Vargas certainly copes well, and seemingly without undue vocal strain with the wide tessitura albeit his acting is not in the same league as his Medea. A pleasing discovery for me is to be heard in the singing of Alek Shrader as Egeo, the suitor of Creusa who has been promised to Giasone by her father Creonte, played here as a hunchback by Alastair Miles. Shrader’s plangent well articulated tone and fluent coloratura in the demanding tessitura bodes well (CHs. 23-14 and 27); I look forward to hearing him again.
Of the Corinthian contingent, Alastair Miles creates a mean old king with his lean bass and committed acting. The role does not have its own aria. As his daughter Creusa, Elena Issalagova looked more the part in her smart outfits. Contrast this with her singing that is secure rather than characterful; still, better that way round. To finish my comments on a wholly positive note: I commend the superb orchestral contribution by early music expert Ivor Bolton moving up a generation or three. He does Mayr proud, as does the violinist who accompanies Medea on stage (CH.10) as the sorceress divests herself of her rush skirt and bodice baubles, to leave herself, for most of the remainder of the opera, in a neat black number in the form of her underskirt!
The accompanying booklet has full chapter details and timings. Regrettably these are for the DVD format rather than the dual layer Blu-Ray format, but the numbering for the latter is in sequence from the end of act one. There is an interesting essay in English, French and German; likewise a synopsis. There is no explanation as to the overture at Chapter 7 (3:14) complete with a visual announcement:
This is the end of the overture.
The bonus interviews are interesting even if Vargas mixes up the tenors from the premiere. He refers to Manuel Garcia as the creator of the role of Giasone. In fact Manuel Garcia created the role of Egeo not Giasone. Garcia also created the role of Norfolk in Rossini’s first opera seria for Naples,
Elisabetta regina d’Inghilterra
(4 October 1815) and Almaviva in the composer’s consummate opera buffa
Il Barbiere di Siviglia
premiered in Rome the following February. As well as his own skills Garcia is famous as the father of Maria Malibran. Andréa Nozzari created the role of Giasone with his distinctive baritonal range and tenor coloratura. He also created roles in all nine of the opera seria Rossini wrote for Naples.
-- Robert J Farr, MusicWeb International