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Bruch, Chausson, Korngold: Violin Concertos / Steinbacher

Bruch / Steinbacher / Orquestra Gulbenkian
Release Date: 03/26/2013 
Label:  Pentatone   Catalog #: 5186503  
Composer:  Max BruchErnest ChaussonErich Wolfgang Korngold
Performer:  Arabella Steinbacher
Conductor:  Lawrence Foster
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gulbenkian Foundation Symphony Orchestra Lisbon
Number of Discs: 1 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

KORNGOLD Violin Concerto. CHAUSSON Poème. BRUCH Violin Concerto No. 1 in g Arabella Steinbacher (vn); Lawrence Foster, cond; Gulbenkian O PENTATONE 5186503 (SACD: 70:23)

There was something I really liked about Arabella Steinbacher’s playing on the first of her recordings to come my way—the Shostakovich concertos on Orfeo followed by the Bartók concertos on Read more PentaTone. But next came her Brahms Concerto with Fabio Luisi and the Vienna Symphony Orchestra, also on PentaTone, and doubts began to creep in. There seemed to be an excess of caution, an underplaying for the sake of safety, which resulted in a performance that never took wing. And now, I find myself starting off my review of Steinbacher’s latest album with almost the same equivocation I tendered in my 36:4 review of the violinist’s Prokofiev concertos, wherein I said, “It’s difficult to write a critical review of an artist towards whom you are favorably disposed and whose latest recording you really want to like.”

The plain truth is that there are things I really do like about Steinbacher’s playing. Her tone is not a particularly big one but it’s very refined, and she’s capable of producing some of the most exquisitely soft, delicate, and melting Pianissimo s of any violinist I’ve heard. Virtuosic passages pose no difficulties for her, but she wears her virtuosity modestly. While it’s hard to imagine any technical challenge that would defeat her—she has, after all, performed a number of the violin repertoire’s most demanding works—Steinbacher doesn’t strike me as the type of player who would strut her stuff in Paganini’s Caprices. Her recordings, thus far, have defined her primarily as an artist not given to superficial or flamboyant displays of technical prowess.

And that, perhaps, in part, at least, is what I found a bit disappointing in her previous Prokofiev album, and it’s what gives me cause for concern about this, her latest venture. Both the Bruch, and even more so the Korngold, concertos are virtuoso showpieces, and neither benefits from underplaying.

Yet, if there’s an element of panache lacking here, especially in the Bruch, it’s not necessarily Steinbacher who’s at fault. The recording and balance engineers have placed her against the orchestra in what is actually a realistic concert hall perspective, which is to their credit; I’m not criticizing them for that. But the result is that the soloist is not placed out front and up close, as we’ve become accustomed to from what has been pretty much standard operating procedure since time immemorial. In the case of a player who projects with a bigger, more robust tone and greater authority, the effect might not be so disadvantageous, but in Steinbacher’s case—recall her exquisitely soft, delicate, and melting Pianissimo s noted above—there are too many instances where she simply vanishes from the stage. One example comes in the first movement of the Bruch at the passage marked Stringendo poco a poco , where the violin begins an ascending chromatic scale marked p . As I strained to hear it, I found myself asking out loud, “Arabella, where are you?”

Exacerbating the balance problem is another matter, and that is the occasional lack of synchronicity between soloist and orchestra at important points of articulation. Lawrence Foster and the Gulbenkian Orchestra have proven themselves attentive concerto partners, quite recently in fact, with the very talented young pianist, Sa Chen, in a recording of piano concertos by Grieg and Rachmaninoff. But here, it’s as if every now and then, Steinbacher is given to a spontaneous rhythmic adjustment for which rehearsals didn’t prepare Foster or the orchestra, resulting in the violin ending up slightly ahead or behind an orchestral cadence.

On the plus side—and it’s a big plus—Steinbacher’s Korngold concerto is a thing of such rarefied, lofty beauty that it renders the above reservations immaterial. Besides, there are so many competing versions of the Bruch that you’re bound to have a favorite or two in your collection you can turn to as an alternative. But the Korngold, while not neglected, has not been recorded nearly as often. Frankly, I wasn’t prepared for a performance of the piece that would rival, let alone surpass, the relatively recent account by James Ehnes with Bramwell Tovey and the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra on CBC, but Steinbacher’s performance is spellbinding, and Foster, with a helping hand from PentaTone’s sumptuous SACD recording, directs the orchestra in a reading that’s both vibrant and voluptuous.

When it comes to Chausson’s Poème , I’m beginning to believe that you really do have to be French, or at least Belgian, to get it just right. Of all the performances I’ve heard, none approaches the one by Arthur Grumiaux and the Lamoureux Orchestra under Max Rosenthal for that thinly veiled atmosphere of expectant eroticism. Interestingly, another performance that manages to capture the mood of the piece perfectly also happens to have been led by Rosenthal, only this time conducting the Monte Carlo Philharmonic and violinist Augustin Dumay.

The current version by Steinbacher and Foster is one I really don’t like very much, only this time I blame Foster rather than his soloist. In my opinion, he interprets some of Chausson’s rhythms in a way that makes the music sound jaunty and almost dance-like and frivolous, which most would agree, I think, runs contrary to the character of the piece.

At the end of deliberations, what we have is a non-unanimous verdict. There are more fully realized and satisfying versions of the Bruch concerto to be had, and definitely more fluent and idiomatic versions of Chausson’s Poème , but Steinbacher’s Korngold stands tall and commanding among the pack. For the Korngold alone, I would therefore accord this release a strong recommendation.

FANFARE: Jerry Dubins    
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Works on This Recording

Concerto for Violin no 1 in G minor, Op. 26 by Max Bruch
Performer:  Arabella Steinbacher (Violin)
Conductor:  Lawrence Foster
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gulbenkian Foundation Symphony Orchestra Lisbon
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1868; Germany 
Poème for Violin and Orchestra in E flat major, Op. 25 by Ernest Chausson
Performer:  Arabella Steinbacher (Violin)
Conductor:  Lawrence Foster
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gulbenkian Foundation Symphony Orchestra Lisbon
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1896; France 
Concerto for Violin in D major, Op. 35 by Erich Wolfgang Korngold
Performer:  Arabella Steinbacher (Violin)
Conductor:  Lawrence Foster
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gulbenkian Foundation Symphony Orchestra Lisbon
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1945; USA 

Customer Reviews

Average Customer Review:  2 Customer Reviews )
 Wonderful January 31, 2015 By John Graham Morgan (Dartmouth, NS) See All My Reviews "This is a wonderful disc in all respects. The soloist gives performances of surpassing beauty and the orchestra performs, as it so often does, as one of Europe's finest. The sound quality is spectacular." Report Abuse
 Rich romantic sound May 31, 2013 By Ralph Graves (Hood, VA) See All My Reviews "Arabella Steinbacher brings together three well-known works that all look to the Romantic Period; the Bruch Violin Concerto No. 1, Chausson's Poeme, and Eric Korngold's Violin Concerto. <br /> <br /> Max Bruch was a staunch defender of the traditional romanticism of Mendelssohn and Brahms, an aesthetic reflected in his most popular work, the Violin Concerto No. 1 in G minor. Ernest Chausson (1855-1899) wrote his Poeme for Violin and Orchestra during the end of the Romantic period, and while somewhat forward-looking, still has its roots in the 19th Century. Eric Korngold finished his Violin Concerto in 1945, writing in the unabashedly late-Romantic style of his youth. <br /> <br /> Because all three of these works were written for with a Romantic aesthetic, one might expect a release full of over-wrought drama and passion. Steinbacher takes a different approach. <br /> <br /> Rather than focus on the emotive qualities of the music. Steinbacher plays with a clean, clear tone and temperament well-suited to these works. Her performances are thoughtful, eschewing overblown emotional and technical fireworks. Rather, Steinbacher colors the music more subtly. A light tripping over the strings sounds like a smile. A long, drawn out melody can seem wistful, a technically difficult passage played with ease and a little bit of self-effacement. Steinbacher's art is quietly attractive, and one that can make even these overly-familiar works sound fresh. <br /> <br /> Of course one can play this release on a standard CD player, but to really appreciate everything that's going on here, I recommend using an SACD player. The more detailed SACD recording reveals all the nuances of Steinbacher's playing. And it also presents the Gulbenkain Orchestra more accurately. Conductor Lawrence Foster matches Steinbacher's approach to these works, and additional presence the SACD provides makes for a more satisfying listening experience overall." Report Abuse
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