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Love, Revelry And The Dance In Mediaeval Music / Millenarium [7-CD Set]

Millenarium / Namur Chamber Choir / Psallentes
Release Date: 11/13/2012 
Label:  Ricercar   Catalog #: 328   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  AnonymousCantigas de Sa AnonymousMarcabruTroubadour Anonymous,   ... 
Conductor:  Christophe Deslignes
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Namur Chamber ChoirPsallentesMillenarium,   ... 
Number of Discs: 7 
Recorded in: Stereo 
In Stock: Usually ships in 24 hours.  

Notes and Editorial Reviews



LOVE, REVELRY AND THE DANCE IN MEDIEVAL MUSIC Millenarium; Ch de Chambre de Namur; Psallentes; Children’s Ch of the Forbach School of Music; Les Pastoureaux RICERCAR 328 (7 CDs: 457:38)


This is a compilation of seven discs Millenarium has released over the years. In chronological order, they are:


The Masters of the Florentine Organetto (1998)


Joy: Troubadours’ Songs and Joungleurs’ Read more Dances (2000)


Douce amie: Trouvère Songs and Minstrel Dances (2001)


Carmina Burana: Tempus transit… (2004)


Carmina Burana: Officium Lusorum (2005)


Danza (2007)


Llibre Vermell (2007)


Millenarium is an early-music instrumental ensemble directed by organist Christophe Deslignes and percussionist Thierry Gomar. Personnel on the albums listed above have ranged from just the pair ( The Masters of the Florentine Organetto , on Trecento organ music) to seven musicians ( Libre Vermell, Danza ) with other groups added for specific projects ( Libre Vermell, Carmina Burana: Officium Lusorum , etc.). Millenarium has focused on the late medieval/early Renaissance end of the early-music spectrum in the 13th and 14th centuries, paying particular attention to the scholarly reconstruction of music based on surviving commentaries, images, and a close study of both classical and folk traditions. None of this conveys the vitality, period sense of style, or improvisational skill that these recordings supply.


If you aren’t familiar with the group, then taken together, their performances probably come closest to those of the Boston Camerata in terms of program design and stylistic approach. In Joy and Douce amie , longer songs alternate with short dances, and an Arabic influence upon the latter is pronounced. Successive strophes of songs are performed with vocal improvisation and without instrumental shifts in the accompaniment, though Deslignes writes of “light cutting” to avoid monotony for modern audiences. (There’s much debate over whether troubadours and trouvères varied ornamentation or accompaniment during lengthy songs, but evidence is lacking for any conclusions—and indeed, may never have existed. Variations in performance over time and place may well have existed.) Although spoken word isn’t used as binder as the Boston Camerata does, there is a palpable sense of theater in most of these albums, in the sense of the spectator/listener being drawn in to a highly expressive, self-referential world.


The most distinctive of the included albums in this respect is the Carmina Burana: Officium Lusorum disc. Where the Carmina Burana: Tempus transit… album is concerned with philosophy, and sacred and secular love, Officium Lusorum attempts (with the assistance of research by Pierre-Emmanuel Guilleray) to recreate a Mass of the Fools—part of the All Fools Day, or Feast of the Fools, that the Roman Catholic Church tolerated while it had to, as an inheritance of the pagan Roman Hilaria Matris Deûm , and then slowly strangled as its secular power base grew. Millenarium sets the framework of their re-creation between Christmas and 12th Night, in 13th-century northern France, by which time the Ordinary of the Mass was considered sacrosanct, and is surrounded here by goliard-inspired parody. The result is an accurate performance of Mass organum, providing the greatest possible contrast to lively dances and satiric literary content, sometimes bitingly so—as in the calling down of God’s curses upon all those, secular and sacred, who are avaricious and refuse to support beggars: “Effunde, domine, iram tuam super avaros et tenaces…”


The musical side of this humor includes but is not limited to over-elaborate vocal ornamentation, grotesque slurring between notes, gasping breaths between phrases of off-pitch plainchant, foreign cultural interpolations, and folk style improvisations on top of chant. In bloodless print this sounds repetitive and dull, but the performers manage to sustain several cuts of this, among them one lasting 24 minutes. Various groups have recorded similar efforts over the years, most memorably René Clemencic and his Clemencic Consort (currently on Harmonia Mundi 195335), but I find Millenarium’s version just as lively if more dramatic due to internal contrasts with the Ordinary. As always where perceptions of humor are concerned, your mileage may differ.


I have nothing but praise for Ricercar’s inclusion of the copious cut listings and liner notes from each of the albums, but shouldn’t they have considered adding a contents page? The 111-page, French and English booklet simply offers one album’s listings and notes after another. With no easy method to locate any album save the first, it’s a bit of a chore finding what you want. Texts and translations would have been helpful, as well, both in the Carmina Burana material, and the work of the troubadours and trouvères. That aside, highly recommended. There are no right or wrong ways to perform this music, anachronisms and technical deficiencies to one side, and Millenarium’s way with all of it is both thoroughly researched and refreshingly direct.


FANFARE: Barry Brenesal
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Works on This Recording

1. Carmina burana: no 215, Officium Lusorum by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Namur Chamber Choir,  Psallentes,  Millenarium  ... 
Period: Medieval 
Written: France 
2. Totz altres joys, song by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 4 Minutes 52 Secs. 
3. A que as cousas coitadas, song by Cantigas de Sa Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 3 Minutes 2 Secs. 
4. Trotto, dance for instrumental ensemble by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: circa 1390; Italy 
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 2 Minutes 31 Secs. 
5. La Quarte Estampie Royal by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: by 1300; France 
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 2 Minutes 12 Secs. 
6. L'Autrier jost' una sebissa, troubadour song ("Nota sebissa") by Marcabru
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 2 Minutes 28 Secs. 
7. La sirena by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 2 Minutes 50 Secs. 
8. Principio di virtù, istanpitta by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Written: 13th Century 
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 6 Minutes 46 Secs. 
9. La Manfredina et la Rota by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 2 Minutes 57 Secs. 
10. Saltarello No 4 by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 2 Minutes 17 Secs. 
11. La Septime Estampie Real by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: by 1300 
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 2 Minutes 32 Secs. 
12. Danse Anglaise by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Written: France 
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 1 Minutes 56 Secs. 
13. Saltarello No. 8 (GB-LBl Add.29987) by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 2 Minutes 19 Secs. 
14. Nota manta, song by Troubadour Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 8 Minutes 6 Secs. 
15. Lamento di Tristano & La Rotta by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 5 Minutes 44 Secs. 
16. Da che Deus mamou, song by Cantigas de Sa Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 1 Minutes 49 Secs. 
17. Saltarello "Petits riens" by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 1 Minutes 29 Secs. 
18. Amors m'est u cuer entree by Henri III de Brabant
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 3 Minutes 35 Secs. 
19. Lamento du Val fourni, song by Richard De Fournival
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 4 Minutes 23 Secs. 
20. Ghaetta (An Istampita) (14th cent.) by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Date of Recording: 04/2007 
Venue:  église Notre-Dame de Centeilles 
Length: 6 Minutes 40 Secs. 
21. Llibre Vermell de Montserrat by Anonymous
Conductor:  Christophe Deslignes
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Namur Chamber Choir,  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: 14th Century; Spain 
22. Procession des pèlerins by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 1 Minutes 7 Secs. 
23. Cuncti simus concanentes by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: 14th Century; Spain 
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 4 Minutes 41 Secs. 
24. Work(s): Inperairitz / Verges ses par (chanson avec envoi à 2 voix) by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 5 Minutes 9 Secs. 
25. Kyrie Rex Genitor (for Christmas Midnight Mass) by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 2 Minutes 57 Secs. 
26. Res est admirabilis, sequence (polyphony) by Gradual of Ali Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 4 Minutes 50 Secs. 
27. Ave Maria, offertory by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: Europe 
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 5 Minutes 4 Secs. 
28. Mariam Matrem Virginem, virelai for 3 voices (Llibre Vermell) by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: circa 13th Century; Spain 
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 8 Minutes 40 Secs. 
29. Bal redon, improvisation by Xavier Terrazza
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 1 Minutes 10 Secs. 
30. Los Set gotxs recomptarem by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 6 Minutes 35 Secs. 
31. Advocatam innocemus by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 3 Minutes 59 Secs. 
32. O Virgo splendens, canon for 3 voices (Llibre Vermell) by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 2 Minutes 56 Secs. 
33. Danza vermeillosa by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 4 Minutes 22 Secs. 
34. Laudemus virginem, canon for 3 voices by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 2 Minutes 8 Secs. 
35. Stella splendens in monte, virelai for 2 voices (Llibre Vermell) by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 8 Minutes 20 Secs. 
36. Fauvel nous fait présent, motet in 3 parts by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 0 Minutes 52 Secs. 
37. Mater patris et filia, offertory by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Romantic 
Written: Europe 
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 2 Minutes 46 Secs. 
38. Splendens ceptigera by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 1 Minutes 0 Secs. 
39. Polorum Regina by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 6 Minutes 32 Secs. 
40. Work(s): Agnus Dei / Ave Maria by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: Europe 
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 2 Minutes 14 Secs. 
41. Ad Mortem Festinamus, virelai (fol. 26v) by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Written: circa 13th Century 
Venue:  église Saint-Appollinaire à Bolland 
Length: 4 Minutes 0 Secs. 
42. Carmina burana: Excerpt(s) by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: France 
43. Carmina Burana: Sic mea fata CB 116 by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Written: c12th/13th Cents 
44. Carmina burana: no 73, Clauso Chronos by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: France 
45. Carmina burana: no 71, Axe Phebus aureo by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: France 
46. Carmina burana: no 31, Vite perdite me legi by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
47. Carmina burana: no 19, Fas et Nefas by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: France 
48. Carmina burana: no 159, Veris dulcis in tempore by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
49. Carmina burana: no 153, Tempus transit gelidum by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: France 
50. Carmina burana: no 15, Celum non animum by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: France 
51. Carmina burana: Dulce solum by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: France 
52. Touz eforciez by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
53. Rose des rosaces by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
54. Pour coi me bait by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
55. Li nouviauz tanz by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
56. la tierche Estampie royale by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
57. Improvisation by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
58. Estampie janus by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
59. Estampida arnautz by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
60. Douce Dame by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
61. Dame, ensinc est by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
62. Ce fut en mai by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
63. Au renouvel du tens by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
64. Amours, ou trop tard by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
65. Danca Amorosa by Anonymous
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: 14th Century; Italy 
66. Can vei le lauzta mover by Bernart de Ventadorn
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: 12th Century; France 
67. Fortz causa es que tot lo major dan by Gaucelm Faidit
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: France 
68. Tan m'abelis jois et amors e chans by Berenguier de Palazol
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: 12th Century; Catalonia, Spain 
69. Jamais nulz tems nom pot re far Amors by Gaucelm Faidit
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Millenarium
Period: Medieval 
Written: France 

Sound Samples

Dananza amorosa
Amour me fait commencer une chanson
Can vei la lauzeta mover
Comminciamento di goia
Ben m'an perdut
Fortz causa es que tot lo major dan
Tant m'abelis
La nova estampida real
Jamais nuill tems no.m pot re far Amors
Lo rossignolet salvatage
Improvisation sur Quis dabit occuli mei
Au renouvel du tens
Dame einsi est
Rose des rosaces
Li nouviauz tanz ...
Improvisation
Ce fut en mai
La tierche estampie royale
Pour coi me bait
Estampida Arnautz
Amours, ou trop tart
Touz esforciez
Estampie Janus
Douce dame, grez et grasses vous rent

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