Notes and Editorial Reviews
Music that no Verdian can ignore, and its stature is fully evident here.
Verdi's revisions are invariably improvements, but Aroldo, his 1857 recasting of Stiffen°, isn't a simple revision. Stiffeho's plot, of a protestant pastor who discovers his wife's adultery, had proved unacceptable to most Italian opera houses; those that did stage it changed the tenor hero from a clergyman to a prime minister, much to Verdi's disgust. His own revised plot, however, is no better: the action is moved from 19th century Austria to 13th century Kent (with an excursion to Loch Lomond in the final scene) and the troubled priest Stiffelio becomes the Saxon knight Aroldo, recently returned from the crusades. There is of course no
longer a conflict between his marriage vows and those of his ministry; nor can he forgive his wife in public from the pulpit. Stiffelio, awkward but original and emotionally involving, has been transformed into the stiff, dramatically inept Aroldo. There are musical losses too: the splendid opening scene sketching an isolated, pious community had to go, of course; so did the final tableau in which Stiffelio and the entire congregation forgive the erring wife.
But it cannot be said that anyone who knows Stiffelio can ignore Aroldo. The former had three acts, the revision has four, and the dramatically ramshackle but entirely new fourth contains music of real quality: an imaginative opening pastoral scene with three separate choruses, an off-stage choral prayer in rich four-part counterpoint, and a magnificent storm (with a shipwreck on the loch). The reunion of the wife with her husband and father is portrayed in a fine trio, with different and expressive music for each of them; the quartet-finale is moving and beautiful. Nor is this all: Acts 2 and 3 are nearly all unrevised Stiffen°, but though the heroine's original Act 2 cavatina, with its delicate accompaniment for four string groups, is understandably retained, a new cabalettn is introduced, beginning low in the voice, becoming steely and brilliant as she rounds on her betrayer. There is new music in Act 1 as well: a lively drinking chorus, an aria for Aroldo with agitated, guilty asides for his wife, and a most effective finale, putting material from Stiffelio to quite new uses.
The only previous recording has the advantage of Caballe, meltingly expressive as Mina. Vaness's vibrant, spinto manner finds less pathos in her, more dark eloquence; she sings spiritedly but cannot float high notes as Caballe could. Shicoff seldom sings quietly (nor did Gianfranco Cechele in the earlier set) but he makes what can he made of Aroldo's two-dimensional character. The new version's advantages are Michaels-Moore's beautifully sung, sensitively acted Egberto, a fine realisation of one of Verdi's tormented fathers, and Luisi's conducting. His stature as a Verdian rises with each new recording, and he leads with a lighter, subtler hand than Eve Queler on Philips. Aroldo is a weaker drama than Stiffelio, but it contains music that no Verdian can ignore, and its stature is fully evident here.
-- Michael Oliver, Gramophone [2/2002]
Works on This Recording
Aroldo by Giuseppe Verdi
Anthony Michaels-Moore (Baritone),
Julian Gavin (Tenor),
Carol Vaness (Soprano),
Neil Shicoff (Tenor),
Roberto Scandiuzzi (Bass),
Sergio Spina (Tenor),
Marina Comparato (Mezzo Soprano)
Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra,
Florence Maggio Musicale Chorus
Written: 1857; Italy
Date of Recording: 12/1997
Venue: Verdi Theater, Florence, Italy
Length: 126 Minutes 41 Secs.
Aroldo - Act 1: Tocchiamo!
Aroldo - Act 1: Ciel ch'io respiri!...
Aroldo - Act 1: Salva mi, tu gran Dio!...
Aroldo - Act 1: Egli viene!
Aroldo - Act 1: Sotto il sol di Siria ardente
Aroldo - Act 1: Ma la crime ti grondano!
Aroldo - Act 1: Ebben, parlatemi...
Aroldo - Act 1: Tosto ei disse!...
Aroldo - Act 1: Dite che il fallo a tergere...
Aroldo - Act 4: Angiol di Dio
Aroldo - Act 1: Ed io pure
Aroldo - Act 1: Or meco venite
Aroldo - Act 4: Bussate a quella porta
Aroldo - Act 1: O Mina, tu mi sfuggi
Aroldo - Act 4: Ah! Piů non reggo!
Aroldo - Act 1: Eterna vivrŕ
Aroldo - Act 4: Chi v'ha?...
Aroldo / Act 4: Allora che gli anni
Aroldo - Act 1: Vi fu in Palestina
Aroldo - Act 1: Forse d'un traditore
Aroldo - Act 1: Nol volete?
Aroldo - Act 2: Oh cielo!
Aroldo - Act 2: Ah! dagli scannieterei
Aroldo - Act 2: Mina!...Voi qui!
Aroldo - Act 2: Io resto...
Aroldo - Act 2: Nessun demone
Aroldo - Act 2: Dessa non č
Aroldo - Act 3: Ei fugge!
Aroldo - Act 3: Mina, pensai che un angelo
Aroldo - Act 3: Ah si finisca...
Aroldo - Act 3: Oh gioia inesprimibile
Aroldo - Act 3: L'istante s'avvicina!
Aroldo - Act 3: Inevitabil fu questo
Aroldo - Act 3: Non allo sposo
Aroldo - Act 4: Cade il giorno
Aroldo - Act 4: Cantan felici!...
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