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Beethoven: The Complete Wartime Piano Sonata Recordings / Kempff


Release Date: 11/17/2017 
Label:  Apr   Catalog #: 7403  
Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff
Number of Discs: 4 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

This is the third set of Wilhelm Kempff's early Beethoven recordings that I've had the pleasure of reviewing. APR have also released the pianist's recordings of the late sonatas (APR6018 - review) and piano concertos 1, 3, 4 & 5 (APR6019 - review). Here we have sixteen sonatas set down for the German label Grammophon between 1940 and 1943, complementing Kempff's late sonata traversals in the previous volume recorded 1925–1936. What will delight the pianist's followers is the fact that several of the sixteen sonatas are here being issued for the first time. One can't help wondering whether this was all part of a projected complete cycle.

I very much enjoyed reading Bryce Morrison's accompanying essay; he's always
Read more guaranteed to offer a wealth of knowledge and insights into his subject. Here he expounds on the exceptional qualities that distinguished Kempff's playing. He quotes Alfred Brendel, who aptly sums up the traits that distinguish the pianist's playing. He compares it to an Aeolian harp, 'ever ready to respond to whatever wind blew its way'. Capricious, spontaneous, improvisatory and ever-evolving are adjectives I’d use. He gets to the nub of it when he says that Kempff '.........never sought to replace music's quicksilver attributes with statements set in stone', and that he constantly strove to illuminate 'great music from within'.

The pianist had a vast repertoire, where Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann and Brahms lay at its centre. Beethoven constitutes the vast bulk of his early recordings - 80%. One reason why this early legacy has been overlooked is that he went on to record two complete cycles for DG later in his career, which have focussed more interest. There's a mono cycle from the 1950s and a stereo from the 1970s (I have a personal preference for the former).

The sunny mien and geniality of Op. 2, No. 2 is established from the start in the athletic octave jumps which open the work. The lyrical rondo finale is enchanting, and the arpeggio/scale that opens each repeated appearance is pearl-like, becoming more involved an elaborate with each entrance. Op. 10, No. 3 is every bit as rewarding as Richter's live performance from Paris, 7 November 1980 (Pyramid 13500/1), which is the finest I've heard. The slow movement is sublime and invested with melancholy and anguish. The Menuetto is graceful and elegant, whilst the rondo has a teasing playfulness.

Not so successful is the opening Grave of the Pathétique, which is heavy-laden. The rest of the movement is also reserved and held back, being short on energy. There are no such problems in the Moonlight Sonata. The opening movement has an attractive fluidity and haunting quality evoking peace and resignation. The finale reveals some stunning finger-work and aplomb.

Op. 22 has sufficient energy in the opening movement and articulation is crisp and incisive. Kempff's radiant tone is tailor-made for the quasi-operatic Adagio con molta espressione, and the listener will be won over by the eloquent shaping of the phrases. Added to that, the left-hand chords never sound obtrusive or monotonous as in some performances I've heard. I enjoyed the nicely-paced Op. 31, No. 3. The Scherzo, delivered with invigorating staccato, is light and airy. The Menuetto is stylish, with the finale truly portraying the hunt. My only comment about the Appassionata is that I would have preferred greater intensity in the finale.

As is the norm, APR's annotations are first class and supply useful context. A convenient table listing all of the pianist's 78-rpm Beethoven sonata recordings with matrix numbers will satisfy anoraks like myself. Mark Obert-Thorn's restorations, with minimal interventions, preserve the frequency range of the originals. I have to say, they sound wonderful; the music comes over alive and fresh. All told, these recordings are a revelation.

– MusicWeb International (Stephen Greenbank) Read less

Works on This Recording

1.
Sonata for Piano no 9 in E major, Op. 14 no 1 by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1798; Vienna, Austria 
2.
Sonata for Piano no 8 in C minor, Op. 13 "Pathétique" by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1797-1798; Vienna, Austria 
3.
Sonata for Piano no 7 in D major, Op. 10 no 3 by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1797-1798; Vienna, Austria 
4.
Sonata for Piano no 6 in F major, Op. 10 no 2 by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1796-1797; Vienna, Austria 
5.
Sonata for Piano no 5 in C minor, Op. 10 no 1 by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1795-1797; Vienna, Austria 
6.
Sonata for Piano no 4 in E flat major, Op. 7 by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1796-1797; Vienna, Austria 
7.
Sonata for Piano no 23 in F minor, Op. 57 "Appassionata" by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1804-1805; Vienna, Austria 
8.
Sonata for Piano no 21 in C major, Op. 53 "Waldstein" by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1803-1804; Vienna, Austria 
9.
Sonata for Piano no 2 in A major, Op. 2 no 2 by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1794-1795; Vienna, Austria 
10.
Sonata for Piano no 18 in E flat major, Op. 31 no 3 by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1802; Vienna, Austria 
11.
Sonata for Piano no 15 in D major, Op. 28 "Pastoral" by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1801; Vienna, Austria 
12.
Sonata for Piano no 14 in C sharp minor, Op. 27 no 2 "Moonlight" by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1801; Vienna, Austria 
13.
Sonata for Piano no 13 in E flat major, Op. 27 no 1 "Quasi una fantasia" by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1800-1801; Vienna, Austria 
14.
Sonata for Piano no 12 in A flat major, Op. 26 "Funeral March" by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1800-1801; Vienna, Austria 
15.
Sonata for Piano no 10 in G major, Op. 14 no 2 by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1799; Vienna, Austria 

Customer Reviews

Average Customer Review:  1 Customer Review )
 A fine pianist's spirit comes through November 19, 2017 By Dean Frey See All My Reviews "I'm slowly turning into a bit of a historic recordings buff, in spite of myself. Last year I really enjoyed listening to the APR release of the 8 late Beethoven sonatas Wilhelm Kempff recorded in Germany during the war years. Here now are 16 earlier sonatas recorded on 78rpm records in 1940, 41 and 43. There is the same meticulous discography, down to the matrix numbers, indispensible to historic recording buffs of a deeper understanding than me. Also we have a superb long essay by Bryce Morrison about Kempff, and an essay on the recordings from Michael Spring. Kempff recorded this music a lot; the Pathetique, for example, in 1924, 1928, 1929 and 1936 before the 1940 recording here; the Appassionata in 1924, 1928 and 1932 before the 1943 recording on this disc. The fact that these works often sound so completely different from the 1964/65 stereo LP set I know so well, and the 1950s mono set I've listened to since, is typical of Kempff's spontaneity and his ever-evolving interpretation of this music. Once again there are caveats about the sound. These are in some cases actually worse than the pre-war recordings because of the war-time quality of materials used to press the discs. But the spirit of Kempff comes through, and this pianist's spirit is central to his art." Report Abuse
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