Notes and Editorial Reviews
Symphony No. 3.
Concert Overture on Themes of a Popular Romanian Character,
Hannu Lintu, cond; Tampere PO
ONDINE 11972 (55:35)
I earlier characterized Enescu’s Second Symphony (finished in 1914) as the “least interesting of the three he finished. It was an ambitious effort to extend the symphonic form through dense musical paragraphs….[T]he whole thing was parlayed into a blazingly affirmative, contrapuntal apotheosis—while utilizing throughout the
musical language of Richard Strauss: serpentine melodies, harmonic side-slipping, and superfluous detail in the accompaniment.” By the time the composer had put the final touches to his Third Symphony, his style had undergone several profound changes. The Straussian influence had for the most part receded, though the Bavarian’s bold orchestral treatment remained fully in place (and his thick textures became an element of contrast instead of a regular feature). Chromatic violin figurations, alternating with reduced winds, at times created an almost chamber-like character. Folk characteristics became more ingrained: free rhythms, engaging both melody and ornamentation (for which Bartók coined the term
) alternated with dance-like passages. The sonata-
structure, with its clear-cut themes, bridges, and development was largely replaced by a transformative structure built around a few themes and their sequences of motifs. This allowed Enescu to engage in his habit of cross-referencing among all three lengthy movements without let.
Expressively, it is a work of sudden dynamic shifts in character that almost begs for programmatic interpretation—certainly one among several good reasons you won’t find any here. The liner notes drag in Tchaikovsky’s Sixth Symphony because in both works a scherzo leads to a slow finale, but the two couldn’t be further apart in character. Enescu’s Scherzo isn’t manic, but exuberant and Lalo-playful, before and after a threatening episode that thematically recalls the opening
movement; while his
Finale, complete with wordless chorus, is a spacious piece, alternately serene and exultant, that overcomes the repeated attempt of some first movement fragments to upset its glowing core. Other such fragments are tossed, along with second movement ones, into the cauldron.
I regard Enescu’s Third as one of the finest of 20th-century symphonies, yet it has received few recordings over the years. Much the same can be said of the
Concert Overture on Themes of a Popular Romanian Character
from 1948. A fresh, inventive work that’s easy to enjoy, it hides Enescu’s profound transformative skill behind brilliant orchestration and kaleidoscopically varied thematic material. That it isn’t better known, blame on unimaginative concert programming, and complexities of meter, tonal center, and textural balance.
After the recording of Enescu’s Second Symphony and his Chamber Symphony by Lintu with his Tampere musicians (
36:2 for reviews by Jerry Dubins and myself, 36:3 for that of Ronald Grames), I was looking forward to their next series release. It confirms their mastery of Enescu’s difficult idiom. Lintu keeps the precarious balance between detail and momentum from bogging down in the former, and navigates the apparently non-rhythmic expanses that periodically occur in both works as though this were the simplest matter in the world. He teases out the endless cross-references without underscoring them, and negotiates Enescu’s breaks of mood, texture, and meter with ease. The Symphony’s Scherzo has great kinetic punch, and the Finale avoids losing its clarity in the many strands of diaphanous strata. The Tampere Philharmonic is always tightly disciplined and plays with a lean, beautiful sound, without any surface richness to detract from Enescu’s textures.
As for the Third Symphony’s competition, Mandeal/Bucharest Phiharmonic (Arte Nova 37860) grinds to a halt in the details, though the conductor is, as ever, insightful. Baciu/Cluj-Napoca Philharmonic (Marco Polo 223143) completely loses sight of clarity, and turns the work into a ponderous morass. Rozhdestvensky/BBC Philharmonic has some good ideas, especially in the Finale, and a fine orchestra, but ends up being defeated by a cathedral ambiance. Foster/Lyon National Orchestra (EMI Classics 6783932) offers a bland reading and an outclassed ensemble. In the
, Mandeal and his Bucharest musicians once again grind to a halt while finessing the textures. Silvestri (Marco Polo 223144) is as good as Lintu with rather more heart on his sleeve, but is let down by sloppy playing from the Romanian RSO. I have not heard Alexandru Lascae/Philharmonia Moldova (Ottavo 69450).
This is a clean sweep, in other words. If someone releases Silvestri and the Bournemouth SO in one of these two works during the period he was their principal conductor in the 1960s, it’s just possible Lintu might have some formidable competition. The Bournemouth certainly wasn’t the jewel of an orchestra it would eventually become, but it was more disciplined than the Romanian RSO.
But that’s a big “if.” And even if that did happen, what Lintu and the Tampere Philharmonic offer here are performances that deserve to be on your Want List. They certainly will be on mine in 2014.
FANFARE: Barry Brenesal
Enescu’s Third Symphony is one of those “everything including the kitchen sink” late-romantic orchestral extravaganzas that makes even Scriabin sound tame. Scored for a huge orchestra, including a wordless chorus in the finale, it is extremely virtuosic and difficult to play but great fun to hear. It has only been performed successfully by orchestras that know the idiom well (as in Andreescu’s Olympia recording), or by well-trained ensembles ready to commit to the music 100 percent under the baton of a true pro, as here.
Hannu Lintu takes a bit more time over the score than does Andreescu, but he secures very impressive playing from the Tampere Philharmonic, and he’s extremely well recorded. In his hands Enescu’s debt to Tchaikovsky’s Pathéthique symphony in the second-movement march becomes especially evident, while the balance between orchestra and voices in the finale is extremely well judged and atmospheric, a tribute also to Ondine’s engineers. Make no mistake, this is a major work and essential listening for any fan of super-opulent, early 20th-century orchestral blockbusters.
Enescu’s cumbersomely titled Concert Overture on Themes in the Romanian Popular Character (it’s even longer in French) is a late work. It begins in an appropriately folksy style, then all hell breaks loose, but in a good way. More refined in scoring than the Third Symphony, the piece is still a riot of color and arresting harmonies, folk-influenced or not. It’s just as well played as the symphony (and even more of a rarity on disc). This is a terrific release, plain and simple.
-- David Hurwitz, ClassicsToday.com
Works on This Recording
Symphony no 3 in C major, Op. 21 by George Enescu
Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: 20th Century
Written: 1916-1921; Romania
Concert Overture in A major, Op. 32 by George Enescu
Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: 20th Century
Written: 1948; Romania
Concert Overture on popular Romanian themes in A Major, Op. 32: Concert Overture on popular Romanian Themes in A Major, Op. 32
Symphony No. 3 in C Major, Op. 21: I. Moderato, un poco maestoso
Symphony No. 3 in C Major, Op. 21: II. Vivace, ma non troppo
Symphony No. 3 in C Major, Op. 21: III. Lento, ma non troppo
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