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Salomone Rossi: Il Mantovano Hebreo

Rossi / Profeti Della Quinta
Release Date: 10/29/2013 
Label:  Linn Records   Catalog #: 429   Spars Code: n/a 
Composer:  Salomone RossiFrancesco Rossi
Conductor:  Elam Rotem
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Mixed 
Length: 1 Hours 3 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews



S. ROSSI Il Mantovano Hebreo Elam Rotem, cond; Profeti della Quinta LINN 116150 (SACD: 60:03 Text and Translation)


Salomone Rossi (c. 1570–c. 1630) is one of those composers I usually include among the contemporaries of Claudio Monteverdi as one of the adherents of the new style of music that emerged about 1600. From the city of Mantua (hence the term Mantovano ) he published no fewer than six books of madrigals during the Read more first quarter of the 17th century. At the same time, he also published four books of instrumental music, largely dance movements, usually for a pair of treble instruments, possibly, as performed here, violins, and continuo. These are titled sinfonias and gagliardas, but they seem less squared off and more virtuoso that one might expect for the usual dances, so I would suspect that they were meant as some of the earliest autonomous instrumental pieces. What may be more interesting is that Rossi, not to be confused with his contemporary Luigi Rossi, was Jewish, and furthermore he published in 1622 a series of motets in Hebrew in Venice under the title Hashirim Asher Li’Shlomo (or the Songs of Solomon). The polyphonic settings of these works appear to have revolutionized music for the synagogues in the Jewish settlement in Mantua, of which he was a part even as he maintained a prominent position within the Christian Gonzaga court. Around 1630 troops of the Holy Roman Empire occupied Mantua, and at this time Rossi vanishes from history, leaving his origins and demise a mystery.


The works are all of extremely fine quality. For example, the aria “Cor mio, deh non languire” from the first book of madrigals is written in the stile nuovo of Caccini, but with a much more lyrical line. The continuo is discrete, allowing the flowing melismatic line to develop. The text is clear but never obscured. The madrigal “Udite, lacrimosi” has some of the nice turns that some of Monteverdi’s more traditional works in the genre have, replete with interesting word painting and unexpected harmonic twists. There is a hint of Gesualdo in the harmony, as well. The Hebraic music from the so-called Songs of Solomon includes here four psalms. For example, Psalm 146 “Haleluyah” is a nicely homophonic work in which the rhythmic structure follows the linguistic accents in a logical and lyrical manner. For all the world it sounds like a lovely madrigal, and yet the text is clear and unambiguous. Included on this disc are 14 instrumental works, which are described in the sources as for a pair of “viole,” which could be either viols or violins, but given the structure of the lines, especially in movements such as the second Brando, the latter are the strongest likelihood. The lines tumble over each other, sometimes in parallel and sometimes in imitation, but always with a structure that requires a more flexible sound than viols and the range is of the parts is more in keeping with violins.


Rossi is no stranger to the recording world. For example the songs were recorded on Dorian by the New York Baroque back in 2000, and Tactus released a disc of the first book of madrigals in 2012 by Ut musica poësis. Bits of the instrumental music can be found here and there, usually combined with Biagio Marini and others, since they are relatively short. This disc, however, presents a good cross-section that gives an excellent idea of the breadth of composer Rossi was.


I had not heard of the ensemble Profeti della Quinta before this disc, but they are a group of Israeli musicians who came out of the famed Schola Cantorum in Basel with a focus on the music of composers such as Rossi. They consist of five vocalists who, as the occasion requires, incorporate instrumentalists or perform a cappella . Of course, additional members are added as required, as on this disc. The ensemble is a fine blend, whether vocal or instrumental. Rotem knows instinctively how to create the necessary madrigal textures those sorts of works require and yet is suitably restrained when it comes to the new style arias, where the voices ring out with particular clarity. This is one disc that would be an excellent part of any early Baroque music collection.


FANFARE: Bertil van Boer
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Works on This Recording

1.
Sinfonia prima à 4 (from Sinfonie et Gagliarde, Libro primo) by Salomone Rossi
Conductor:  Elam Rotem
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 1607 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 20 Secs. 
2.
Madrigali, Book 1: Udite lagrimosi spirti by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1600; Mantua, Italy 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 2 Minutes 8 Secs. 
3.
Corenta terza (Il Terzo Libro di Varie Sonate, Sinfonie) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 1 Secs. 
4.
Madrigali, Book 1: Tirsi mio by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1600; Mantua, Italy 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 2 Minutes 29 Secs. 
5.
Sinfonia a 5 by Francesco Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 2 Minutes 44 Secs. 
6.
Rimanti in pace, prima parte by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 4 Minutes 14 Secs. 
7.
Sinfonia No. 10 for ensemble by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 59 Secs. 
8.
Mizmor le Todà, psalm for 5 voices by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 58 Secs. 
9.
Gagliarda disperata (Il Terzo Libro di Varie Sonate, Sinfonie) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 18 Secs. 
10.
Halleluyah (Psalm 146) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 3 Minutes 15 Secs. 
11.
Madrigali, Book 1: In dolci lacci by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1600; Mantua, Italy 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 35 Secs. 
12.
Madrigali, Book 1: Ohimè se tanto amate by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1600; Mantua, Italy 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 2 Minutes 16 Secs. 
13.
Shir hamma'alot, B'shuv Adonai, psalm setting (from Songs of Solomon) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 2 Minutes 23 Secs. 
14.
Shir hamma'alot, ashrei kol yare Adonai, psalm setting (from Songs of Solomon) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 2 Minutes 32 Secs. 
15.
Sfogava con le stelle, madrigal (Il Primo Libro de Madrigali) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 2 Minutes 38 Secs. 
16.
Tu parti, ahi lasso! by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1610; Italy 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 2 Minutes 11 Secs. 
17.
Madrigali, Book 1: Cor mio, deh non languire by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1600; Mantua, Italy 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 2 Minutes 12 Secs. 
18.
Sinfonia seconda, detta la Emiglia (Il Terzo Libro di Varie Sonate, Sinfonie) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 36 Secs. 
19.
Brando secondo (Il Terzo Libro di Varie Sonate, Sinfonie) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 41 Secs. 
20.
Correnta sesta (Il Terzo Libro di Varie Sonate, Sinfonie) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 13 Secs. 
21.
Vedrò 'l mio sol (Il Terzo Libro de Madrigali) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 2 Minutes 19 Secs. 
22.
Sinfonia duodecima (Sinfonie et Gagliarde, Libro secondo) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 1608 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 39 Secs. 
23.
Sinfonia prima a 5 e a 3 si placet (Il Primo Libro delle Sinfonie e Gagliarde a 3/5 voci) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 2 Minutes 29 Secs. 
24.
Sinfonia undecima (Il Primo Libro delle Sinfonie e Gagliarde a 3/5 voci) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 8 Secs. 
25.
Gagliarda, detta Narciso (Il Secondo Libro delle Sinfonie e Gagliarde a 3/5 voci) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 0 Minutes 55 Secs. 
26.
Sonata No. 8 sopra l'Aria E tanto tempo hormai (Il Quarto Libro di Varie Sonate, Sinfonie) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 3 Minutes 8 Secs. 
27.
Messaggier di Speranza, madrigal for 2 voices by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 3 Minutes 9 Secs. 
28.
Corrente settima (Il Terzo Libro di Varie Sonate, Sinfonie) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 8 Secs. 
29.
Gagliarda, detta la Zambalina (Il Secondo Libro delle Sinfonie e Gagliarde a 3/5 voci) by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 1 Minutes 8 Secs. 
30.
Pargoletta, che non sai, madrigal for 2 voices by Salomone Rossi
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Profeti Della Quinta
Period: Baroque 
Venue:  National Centre for Early Music, St. Mar 
Length: 3 Minutes 22 Secs. 

Sound Samples

Psalm 128, "Shir hama'alot" (The Songs of Solomon): Psalm 128, Shir hamma'alót, ashréi kol yeré Adonái
Il primo libro delle sinfonie e gagliarde: Sinfonia prima a 5 e a 3 si placet
Il secondo libro de madrigali (text by Anonymous): Sfogava con le stelle
Il primo libro delle sinfonie e gagliarde: Sinfonia prima
Il quarto libro de madrigali: Tu parti, ahi lasso
Il primo libro de madrigali ... con alcuni di detti madrigali nel chittarrone: Cor mio, deh non languire
Il primo libro delle sinfonie e gagliarde: Sinfonia undecima
Il primo libro de madrigali ... con alcuni di detti madrigali nel chittarrone: Udite, lacrimosi spirti d'averno
Il primo libro delle sinfonie e gagliarde: Sinfonia seconda, detta la Emiglia
Il secondo libro delle sinfonie e gagliarde: Gagliarda a 5 e a 3 si placet, detta Narciso
Il terzo libro de varie sonate, sinfonie, gagliarde, brandi e corrente, Op. 12: Corrente terza
Il terzo libro de varie sonate, sinfonie, gagliarde, brandi e corrente, Op. 12: Brando secondo
Il primo libro de madrigali ... con alcuni di detti madrigali nel chittarrone: Tirsi mio, caro Tirsi
Il terzo libro de varie sonate, sinfonie, gagliarde, brandi e corrente, Op. 12: Sinfonia quinta
Il primo libro de madrigali ... con alcuni di detti madrigali nel chittarrone: Rimanti in pace
Il primo libro delle sinfonie e gagliarde: Sinfonia decima
Mizmor letoda: Psalm 100, Mizmór letodá
Il terzo libro de varie sonate, sinfonie, gagliarde, brandi e corrente, Op. 12: Gagliarda disperata
Il terzo libro de varie sonate, sinfonie, gagliarde, brandi e corrente, Op. 12: Corrente sesta
Hallelujah nafshi et Adonai: Psalm 146, Haleluyáh
Il terzo libro de madrigali, con una canzona de baci nel fine: Vedrò 'l mio sol
Il primo libro delle sinfonie e gagliarde: Sinfonia duodecima
Il primo libro delle canzonette: In dolci lacci
Il terzo libro de varie sonate, sinfonie, gagliarde, brandi e corrente, Op. 12: Sonata Ottava sopra l'Aria, È tanto tempo hormai
Il primo libro de madrigali ... con alcuni di detti madrigali nel chittarrone: Ohimè, se tanto amate
Madrigaletti per cantar a due soprani o tenori, Op. 13: Messaggier di speranza
Il terzo libro de varie sonate, sinfonie, gagliarde, brandi e corrente, Op. 12: Corrente settima
Il secondo libro delle sinfonie e gagliarde: Gagliarda a 5 e a 3 si placet, detta la Zambalina
Madrigaletti per cantar a due soprani o tenori, Op. 13: Pargoletta, che non sai
Shir hamma'alot, Beshuv 'adonai: Psalm 126, Shir hamma'alót, beshúv Adonái

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