Giuseppe Verdi

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1813; Italy   Died: Jan 27, 1901; Italy   Period: Romantic
Giuseppe Verdi was to opera in the Italian tradition what Beethoven was to the symphony. When he arrived on the scene some had suggested that effective opera after Rossini was not possible. Verdi, however, took the form to new heights of drama and musical expression. Partisans see him as at least the equal of Wagner, even though his style and musical persona were of an entirely different cast. In the end, both Verdi's popular vein -- as heard in Read more the operas Rigoletto, Il trovatore, and La traviata -- and his deeper side -- found in Aida, Otello, and Falstaff -- demonstrate his mastery and far-reaching development of Italian opera.
Verdi showed talent by the age of seven and even played organ at a local church. Around this time he was given an old piano, which he quickly learned to play with proficiency. He moved to Busseto in 1823 and began study the following year with Ferdinando Provesi. By age 15 he had become an assistant church organist and had already started composing. Beginning in 1832, he studied privately with Vincenzo Lavigna in Milan, after the Conservatory there turned him away.
He returned to Busseto and married Margherita Barezzi in 1836. Having achieved publication of some songs, he moved to Milan in 1839 and composed his first opera, Oberto. It was a success, though his next effort, Un giorno di regno, was an abject failure. Worse, Verdi's wife died during its composition. (Their two children had died in the previous two years.) Stunned and depressed, the composer struggled on to rebound with Nabucco (1842) and I lombardi (1843). Macbeth, Luisa Miller, and other operas came in the 1840s, most with great success.
Around 1847, Verdi developed a relationship with soprano Giuseppina Strepponi and the two lived together for many years on Verdi's farm, Sant'Agata, before finally marrying in 1859. In the period 1851-1853, the composer wrote three of his most popular operas. Rigoletto (1851) and Il trovatore (1853) were instant successes, but La traviata (1853) was a disappointment at its premiere, though a year later, with minor revisions, it was warmly received. After an extended excursion to Paris in 1853, Verdi returned to Busseto and turned out Simon Boccanegra (1857) and Un ballo in maschera (1859), both embroiling him in politics, an activity he was already immersed in, since he served in the local parliament and later in national parliament as senator. In St. Petersburg, Verdi's La forza del destino premiered in 1862 and Don Carlos in Paris in 1867.
Having relocated to Genoa, Verdi composed Aida in the years 1870-1871. Its Cairo premiere in 1871 was a success, but the composer then gave up opera, at least for a time. His String Quartet (1873) and Requiem (1874) showed his creative juices were still very much alive. His next opera, Otello, came finally in 1886, Verdi working slowly and getting sidetracked revising earlier operas. One more opera came from his pen, Falstaff, in 1893, which scored a stunning success. Critical opinion has it that his last three operas are his finest, that the elderly composer became bolder and more imaginative in his later years.
In these later years, Verdi also worked to found a hospital and, in Milan, a home for retired musicians. In 1897, Giuseppina Verdi died and the composer thereafter lived at the Grand Hotel in Milan, finding companionship with retired soprano Teresa Stolz. A year later, his Quatro pezzi sacri premiered in Paris. This would be the composer's last work. On January 21, 1901, Verdi suffered a stroke and died six days later. Read less
Verdi: Nabucco / Domingo, Royal Opera
Release Date: 04/28/2015   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 505935   Number of Discs: 1
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Verdi: Simon Boccanegra / Hvorostovsky, Orbelian
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Delos  
Catalog: 3457   Number of Discs: 2
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Verdi: Otello /  Fleming, Botha, Struckmann, Bychkov, Metropolitan Opera [blu-ray]
Release Date: 05/04/2015   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002323759  
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Verdi: Otello / Sabajno, Fusati, Granforte, Carbone, Et Al
Release Date: 09/12/2000   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 9005   Number of Discs: 2
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Verdi: I Lombardi Alla Prima Crociata / Pavarotti, Et Al
Release Date: 11/17/1998   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1182   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Nabucco: Va, pensiero (Slaves' Chorus)

 

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Ensembles

Giuseppe Verdi


WORKS
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster): Preludio (Orchestra)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene One: Sì, corre voce che l'Etiope ardisca (Ramfis/Radamès)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene One: Se quel guerrier io fossi! (Radamès)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene One: Celeste Aida (Radamès)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene One: Quale insolita gioia nel tuo sguardo! (Amneris/Radamès)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene One: Vieni, o diletta, appressati (Amneris/Aida/Radamès)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene One: Alta cagion v'aduna (Il Re/Messaggero/Radamès/Ramfis/Sacerdoti/Ministri/Capitani/Aida/Amneris)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene One: Su! del Nilo al sacro lido (Il Re/Messaggero/Radamès/Ramfis/Sacerdoti/Ministri/Capitani/Aida/Amneris)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene One: Ritorna vincitor! (Aida)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene One: I sacri nomi di padre, d'amante (Aida)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene Two: Possente, possente Fthà (Sacerdotessa/Ramfis/Sacerdoti/Sacerdotesse)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene Two: Danza sacra delle sacerdotesse (Orchestra/Sacerdotesse/Ramfis/Sacerdoti)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene Two: Mortal, diletto ai numi (Ramfis/Sacerdoti)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act One, Scene Two: Nume, custode e vindice (Ramfis/Radamès/Sacerdoti/Sacerdotesse/Sacerdotessa)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act Two, Scene Two: Il dolor che in quel volto favella (Radamès/Amneris/Amonasro/Il Re/Aida/Schiave/Popolo/Ramfis/Sacerdoti/Prigionieri)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act Two, Scene Two: O Re, pei sacri numi (Radamès/Il Re/Amneris/Sacerdoti/Popolo/Ramfis)
Aida (2001 Digital Remaster), Act Two, Scene Two: Gloria all'Egitto, ad Iside (Il Re/Shiave/Prigionieri/Popolo/Ramfis/Sacerdoti/Aida/Radamès/Amneris/Amonasro)
Act I: Scene 1: All'erta, all'erta!
Act I: Scene 1: Di due figli vivea padre beato
Act I: Scene 2: Che più t'arresti?
Act I: Scene 2: Tacea la notte placida
Act I: Scene 2: Di tale amor che dirsi
Act I: Scene 2: Tace la notte!
Act I: Scene 2: Deserto sulla terra
Act I: Scene 2: Non m'inganno
Act I: Scene 2: Di geloso amor sprezzato
Act II: Scene 1: Vedi! Le fosche notturne spoglie
Act II: Scene 1: Stride la vampa!
Act II: Scene 1: Soli or siamo!
Act II: Scene 1: Condotta ell'era in ceppi
Act II: Scene 1: Non son tuo figlio?
Act II: Scene 1: Mal reggendo all'aspro assalto
Act II: Scene 1: Inoltra il piè
Act II: Scene 1: Perigliarti ancor languente
Act II: Scene 2: Tutto è deserto
Act II: Scene 2: Il balen del suo sorriso
Act II: Scene 2: Qual suono! Oh ciel!
Act II: Scene 2: Per me ora fatale
Act II: Scene 2: Ah! Se l'error t'ingombra
Act II: Scene 2: Perchè piangete?
Act II: Scene 2: E deggio e posso crederlo?
Il Trovatore: Part 3: Scene 1: Or co'dadi
Part 3: Scene 1: Squilli, echeggi la tromba guerriera
Part 3: Scene 1: In braccio al mio rival!
Part 3: Scene 2: Quale d'armi fragor poc'anzi intesi?
Part 3: Scene 2: Ah sì, ben mio
Part 3: Scene 2: L'onda de'suoni mistici
Part 3: Scene 2: Di quella pira
Part 4: Scene 1: Siam giunti: ecco la torre
Part 4: Scene 1: D'amor sull'ali rosee
Part 4: Scene 1: Miserere d'un'alma già vicina
Part 4: Scene 1: Tu vedrai che amore in terra
Part 4: Scene 1: Udiste? Come albeggi, la scure al figlio
Part 4: Scene 1: Mira, di acerbe lagrime
Part 4: Scene 1: Vivrà!...Contende il giubilo
Part 4: Scene 2: Madre, non dormi?
Part 4: Scene 2: Ai nostri monti ritorneremo
Part 4: Scene 2: Che!...Non m'inganna!
Verdi: La traviata / Act 1 - Prelude
Verdi: La traviata / Act 1 - "Dell'invito trascorsa è già l'ora"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 1 - "Libiamo ne'lieti calici" (Brindisi)
Verdi: La traviata / Act 1 - "Che è ciò?"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 1 - "Un dì felice, eterea...Si ridesta in ciel l'aurora"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 1 - "E strano!" - "Ah, fors'è lui"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 1 - "Follie! Delirio vano è questo!" - "Sempre libera"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 2 - "Lunge da lei"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 2 - "De' miei bollenti spiriti...Annina, donde vieni?"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 2 - "O mio rimorso!...Alfredo?"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 2 - "Pura, siccome un angelo...Un dì, quando le veneri"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 2 - "Dite alla giovine...Non amarlo ditegli"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 2 - "Dammi tu forza, o ciel!...Ah, vive sol quel core"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 2 - "Di Provenza il mar...Né risponde d'un padre..."
Verdi: La traviata / Act 2 - "No, non udrai rimproveri"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 2 - "Avrem lieta di maschere la notte...Di Madridi"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 2 - "Alfredo! Voi!...Or tutti a me...Ogni suo aver"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 2 - "Di sprezzo degno...Alfredo, Alfredo, di questo core"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 3 - Prelude. "Annina? Comandate?
Verdi: La traviata / Act 3 - "Tenesta la promessa" - "Attendo, né a me giungon mai" - "Addio del passato"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 3 - "Largo a quadrupede"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 3 - "Signora..." "Che t'accade?"
Verdi: La traviata / Act 3 - Parigi, o cara...Ah! Gran Dio!
Verdi: La traviata / Act 3 - Ah, Violetta!...Se una pudica vergine
Overture (Preludio)
Introduzione. "Della mia bella incognita borghese"
"Questa o quella...Partite? Crudele!"
"Gran nuova! Gran nuova!" - "Tutto è gioia, tutto è festa" (Scena e Coro)
"Ch'io gli parti...Voi congiuraste contro noi"
"Quel vecchio maledivami...Va, non ho niente"
Scena e Duetto. "Pari siamo"
"Figlia..Mio padre!"..."Quanto dolor"
"Veglia, o donna, questa fior"
"Giovanni, ho dei rimorsi...E il sol dell'anima"
"Che m'ami, deh, ripetimi" - "Addio... speranza ed anima"
Scena ed Aria. "Gualtier Maldè" - "Caro nome"
Scena e Coro - Finale I. "Riedo!... Perché?"
"Zitti, zitti...Soccorso, padre mio"
"Ella mi fu rapita...Parmi veder le lagrime"
"Duca, duca!"..."Scorrendo uniti"
"Possente amor"
Scena ed Aria. "Povero Rigoletto!" "La rà, la rà"
"Cortigiani, vil razza dannata...Ebben piango"
"Mio padre!...Compiuto pur quanto"
"Schiudete, ire al carcere"
Scena e Canzona. "E l'ami!"
"La donna è mobile" - "E là il vostr'uomo"
"Un dì, se ben rammentomi"
"Bella figlia dell'amore...M'odi, ritorna a casa"
"Venti scudi hai tu detto"
"Ah, più non ragiono!..."
"Della vendetta alfin...Chi è mai"
"V'ho ingannato" - "Lassù... in cielo"
1. Requiem
2a. Dies irae
2b. Tuba mirum - 2c. Mors Stupebit
2d. Liber scriptus
2e. Quid sum miser
2f. Rex tremendae
2g. Recordare
2h. Ingemisco
2i. Confutatis
2j. Lacrymosa
3a. Offertorium: Domine, Jesu Christe
3b. Offertorium: Hostias
4. Sanctus
5. Agnus Dei
6. Lux aeterna
7a. Libera me: Libera me
7b. Libera me: Dies irae
7d. Libera me: Requiem aeternam
7c. Libera me: Libera me


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