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Franz Schubert

Biography

Born: Jan 31, 1797; Austria   Died: Nov 19, 1828; Austria   Period: Romantic
Franz Peter Schubert was among the first of the Romantics, and the composer who, more than any other, brought the art song (lied) to artistic maturity. During his short but prolific career, he produced masterpieces in nearly every genre, all characterized by rich harmonies, an expansive treatment of classical forms, and a seemingly endless gift for melody. Schubert began his earliest musical training studying with his father and brothers. Having Read more passed an audition, Schubert enrolled at the Convict school that trained young vocalists to eventually sing at the chapel of The Imperial Court. Schubert began to explore composition and wrote a song that came to the attention of the institution's director, Antonio Salieri, who along with the school's professor of harmony, hailed young Schubert as a genius. In 1813, after Schubert's voice broke, he returned to live with his father, who directed him to follow in his footsteps and become a schoolteacher. Schubert begrudgingly complied and worked miserably in that capacity by day, while composing prolifically by night. He had written more than 100 songs as well as numerous symphonic, operatic, and chamber music scores, before he reached the age of 20.
Schubert finally left his teaching position to dedicate himself completely to musical pursuits. During the summer of 1818, the young composer worked as a private music teacher to the aristocratic Esterházy family. When he left that post in the fall, Schubert lived a somewhat bohemian lifestyle, composing and spending time with a group of friends that acted as his personal support system. In 1820, Schubert was commissioned by two opera houses, the Karthnerthor Theatre and Theatre-an-der-Wein, to compose a pair of operas. He wrote Zwillingsbruden, and Zauberharfe, both of which were unenthusiastically received. Schubert failed to secure a contract with a publisher, as none were willing to take a chance on a relatively unknown composer who wrote (harmonically) untraditional music. Schubert, along with the support of his artistic friends, published his own work for a collection of roughly 100 subscribers. These efforts, however, were financially unrewarding, and Schubert struggled to sustain himself. His work garnered little attention and contemporary composers dismissed his music as presumptuous and immature.
In 1823, Schubert was elected to the Musikverein of Graz, as an honorary member. Though this brought no financial reward and was an inconsequential appointment, Schubert relished its slight recognition, and to show his gratitude, composed his famous Unfinished Symphony. Five years later, Schubert's music was featured at a concert at Vienna's Musikverein. His work was received quite enthusiastically, and to much critical acclaim. This marked the only time during the composer's life that he enjoyed such success. This seemed to provide Schubert with a renewed sense of optimism, and despite illness, the composer continued to produce at an incredible rate. He began to organize a scheme to increase his artistic popularity, by continuing to evaluate his work and progress as a musician, perhaps even planning to study harmony privately. Schubert's health did not improve, and he soon found himself at death's door. During the composer's last moments, he instructed his brother Ferdinand to ensure that he would be buried alongside Ludwig van Beethoven's grave. Schubert revered the legendary composer, and was grateful to him, as Beethoven had praised his work after hearing a selection of songs. Schubert also highly regarded the work of both Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Franz Schubert died of syphilis.
Despite his short life, Schubert produced a wealth of symphonies, operas, masses, chamber music pieces, and piano sonatas, most of which are considered standard repertoire. He is known primarily for composing hundreds of songs including Gretchen am Spinnrade, and Erlkonig. He pioneered the song cycle with such works as Die Schöne Müllerin, and Die Winterreise, and greatly affected the vocal writing of both Robert Schumann and Gustav Mahler. Read less
Schubert: The Late Piano Sonatas / Paul Lewis
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902165   Number of Discs: 2
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Schubert: Winterreise / Goerne, Eschenbach
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902107   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Die Schone Mullerin / Fischer-Dieskau, Schiff
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 107269   Number of Discs: 1
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Schubert: Wanderer's Nachtlied / Matthias Goerne
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902109   Number of Discs: 2
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Gidon Kremer & Kremerata Baltica Play Schubert
Release Date: 02/24/2009   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 3072238   Number of Discs: 1
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Composition Type: 2 Pianos/4 Hands

Work: Military Marches (3) for Piano 4 hands, D 733/Op. 51

Browse 1-14 of 14 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Schubert Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94870 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 69
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Suzanne Lautenbacher,  György Pauk,  Peter Frankl,  Walter Hautzig  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Jörg Faerber,  Andreas Weiser,  Romano Gandolfi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra,  Bell'Arte Trio  ... 
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  • 2.
    Maria Joao Pires - The Complete Erato Recordings
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 631065 Release Date: 06/24/2014   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Maria-Joao Pires,  Huseyin Sermet
    Conductor:  Claudio Scimone,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Armin Jordan,  Michel Corboz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Solisti Veneti,  Lisbon Gulbenkian Foundation Orchestra,  Orchestre De Chambre De Lausanne  ... 
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  • 3.
    Schubert: Piano Four Hands, Vol. 1
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1345 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Robert Lehrbaumer,  Min Kwon
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  • 4.
    Schubert: Grand Duo D 812, Variations D 813, Etc / Radu Lupu, Daniel Barenboim
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 2564680707 Release Date: 09/24/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Radu Lupu,  Daniel Barenboim
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  • 5.
    Schubert: Piano Works For 4 Hands / Ykeda Duo
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4690744 Release Date: 08/03/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Tamayo Ikeda,  Patrick Zygmanowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ykeda Duo
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  • 6.
    Schubert: Music For Piano Duet Vol 1 / Eschenbach, Frantz
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65321 Release Date: 11/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Justus Frantz,  Christoph Eschenbach
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  • 7.
    Complete Schubert Recordings / Artur Schnabel
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1175 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Artur Schnabel,  Therese Behr-Schnabel,  Karl Ulrich Schnabel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pro Arte String Quartet members
    On sale! $59.99
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  • 8.
    Gold Fingers
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1227 Release Date: 10/05/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Moritz Moszkowski,  Franz Schubert,  Witold Lutoslawski,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Viardo,  Steven de Groot,  Ralph Votapek,  José Feghali
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  • 9.
    Schubert: Music For Piano Duet Vol 1 / Eschenbach, Frantz
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 69764 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Christoph Eschenbach,  Justus Frantz
    CD not available
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  • 10.
    Schubert: Piano Works For Four Hands / Jandö, Kollár
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553441 Release Date: 10/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Zsuzsa Kollár
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  • 11.
    Schubert: Works For Piano Four Hands
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 453491 Release Date: 11/03/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Robert Levin,  Malcolm Bilson
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  • 12.
    Schnabel Plays Schubert Vol 2
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 9272 Release Date: 06/17/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Artur Schnabel,  Therese Behr-Schnabel,  Karl Ulrich Schnabel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pro Arte String Quartet
    On sale! $34.98
    CD: $30.49
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  • 13.
    Schubert: Duo-piano Works / Bradshaw & Buono
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 69 Release Date: 08/10/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  David Bradshaw,  Cosmo Buono
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  • 14.
    Schubert: Piano Works For 4 Hands Vol 1 / Lonskov, Llambias
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32183 Release Date: 06/28/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Rodolfo Llambias,  Tove Lonskov
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