Maurice Ravel

Biography

Born: Mar 7, 1875; France   Died: Dec 28, 1937; France   Period: Romantic
Maurice Ravel was among the most significant and influential composers of the early twentieth century. Although he is frequently linked with Claude Debussy as an exemplar of musical impressionism, and some of their works have a surface resemblance, Ravel possessed an independent voice that grew out of his love of a broad variety of styles, including the French Baroque, Bach, Mozart, Chopin, Spanish folk traditions, and American jazz and blues. Read more His elegant and lyrically generous body of work was not large in comparison with that of some of his contemporaries, but his compositions are notable for being meticulously and exquisitely crafted. He was especially gifted as an orchestrator, an area in which he remains unsurpassed.

Ravel's mother was of Basque heritage, a fact that accounted for his lifelong fascination with Spanish music, and his father was a Swiss inventor and engineer, most likely the source of his commitment to precision and craftsmanship. At the age of 14, he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he was a student from 1889 to 1895 and from 1897 to 1903. His primary composition teacher was Gabriel Fauré. A major disappointment of his life was his failure to win the Prix de Rome in spite of numerous attempts. The difficulty was transparently the conflict between the conservative administration of the Conservatory and Ravel's independent thinking, meaning his association with the French avant-garde (Debussy), and his interest in non-French traditions (Wagner, the Russian nationalists, Balinese gamelan). He had already established himself as a composer of prominence with works such as his String Quartet, and the piano pieces Pavane pour une infante défunte, Jeux d'eau, and the Sonatine, and his loss of the Prix de Rome in 1905 was considered such a scandal that the director of the Conservatory was forced to resign.

Ravel continued to express admiration for Debussy's music throughout his life, but as his own reputation grew stronger during the first decade of the century, a mutual professional jealousy cooled their personal relationship. Around the same time, he developed a friendship with Igor Stravinsky. The two became familiar with each other's work during Stravinsky's time in Paris and worked collaboratively on arrangements for Sergey Diaghilev.

Between 1909 and 1912, Ravel composed Daphnis et Chloé for Diaghilev and Les Ballets Russes. It was the composer's largest and most ambitious work and is widely considered his masterpiece. He wrote a second ballet for Diaghilev, La Valse, which the impresario rejected, but which went on to become one of his most popular orchestral works. Following his service in the First World War as an ambulance driver, and the death of his mother in 1917, his output was temporarily diminished. In 1925, the Monte Carlo Opera presented the premiere of another large work, the "lyric fantasy" L'enfant et les sortilèges, a collaboration with writer Colette.

American jazz and blues became increasingly intriguing to the composer. In 1928 he made a hugely successful tour of North America, where he met George Gershwin and had the opportunity to broaden his exposure to jazz. Several of his most important late works, such as the Sonata for Violin and Piano No. 2 and the Piano Concerto in G show the influence of that interest.

Ironically, Ravel, who in his youth was rejected by some elements of the French musical establishment for being a modernist, in his later years was scorned by Satie and the members of Les Six as being old-fashioned, a symbol of the establishment. In 1932, an injury he sustained in an automobile accident started a physical decline that resulted in memory loss and an inability to communicate. He died in 1937, following brain surgery.

In spite of leaving one of the richest and most important bodies of work of any early twentieth century composer, one that included virtually every genre except for symphony and liturgical music, Ravel is most often remembered for an arrangement of another composer's work, and for a piece he considered among his least significant. His orchestral arrangement of Mussorgsky's piano suite Pictures at an Exhibition has been wildly popular with concertgoers (and the royalties from it made Ravel a rich man). Boléro, a 15-minute Spanish dance in which a single theme is repeated in a variety of instrumental guises, has been ridiculed for its insistent repetitiveness, but it is also a popular favorite and one of the most familiar and frequently performed orchestral works of the twentieth century. Read less

Debussy, Ravel: Music for Two Pianos / Ashkenazys
Release Date: 08/25/2009   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 001312902   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $16.98
CD: $8.99
In Stock
On sale!   $16.98   CD:  $8.99 Add CD to Cart

Martha Argerich Vol 2 - Liszt, Prokofiev, Ravel
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Doremi Records  
Catalog: 6029   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $18.98
CD: $14.99
In Stock
On sale!   $18.98   CD:  $14.99 Add CD to Cart

Debussy & Ravel On The Organ / Gunnar Idenstam
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2049   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $21.99
SuperAudio CD: $17.99
In Stock
MP3 Available
On sale!   $21.99   SuperAudio CD:  $17.99 Add to Cart

MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

Ravel: Guitar Transcriptions / Anders Miolin
Release Date: 08/07/2000   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 886   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $21.99
CD: $17.99
In Stock
MP3 Available
On sale!   $21.99   CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

Märta Schéle Sings Debussy, Milhaud, Ravel, Britten, Et Al
Release Date: 12/12/1995   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 34   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $21.99
CD: $17.99
In Stock
MP3 Available
On sale!   $21.99   CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

Work: Daphnis et Chloé Suite no 2

Browse 76-100 of 116 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4 5
  • 76.
    Karajan - The Collection - Ravel, Debussy, Saint-saens
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000020302 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Pierre Cochereau,  Karlheinz Zöller
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $39.99
    CD: $13.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    On sale!   $39.99   CD:  $13.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $11.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 77.
    Ravel: Bolero, Etc / Sir John Barbirolli, Hallé Orchestra
    Label: Bescol   Catalog: 708 Release Date: 04/09/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
    Low Stock
    CD:  $9.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 78.
    Debussy, Ravel, Et Al / Van Beinum, Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: Andante   Catalog: 4060 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Dinu Lipatti,  Solomon,  Zino Francescatti  ... 
    Conductor:  Eduard Van Beinum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    CD: $29.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $29.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 79.
    Karajan Festival
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 429436 Release Date: 10/29/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Alexander Borodin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD not available
    MP3 Available
    MP3:  $29.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 80.
    Wilhelm Furtwängler - Recordings 1942-1944 Vol 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471294 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss,  Jean Sibelius,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Tibor de Machula,  Walter Gieseking
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD not available
    MP3 Available
    MP3:  $29.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 81.
    Ravel: Bolero; Pavane; La Valse; Daphnis Et Chloe
    Label: Accord   Catalog: 472252 Release Date: 09/02/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Manuel Rosenthal
    Import CD
    $13.99
    Low Stock
    CD:  $13.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 82.
    The World Of Organ Transcription / David Briggs
    Label: Priory Records   Catalog: 794 Release Date: 08/27/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Hector Berlioz,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  David Briggs
    On sale! $22.98
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $22.98   CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 83.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Igor Markevitch
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75124 Release Date: 06/04/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Spanish Radio/TV Orchestra,  ORTF National Orchestra,  North German Radio Chorus  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $24.98
    ArkivCD $21.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $24.98   ArkivCD:  $21.99 Add to Cart

  • 84.
    Ravel: Boléro, Etc;  Honegger: Symphony No 2 / Munch, Et Al
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67597 Release Date: 09/11/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arthur Honegger,  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris
    CD not available
    MP3 Available
    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 85.
    Debussy: La Mer, Prélude; Ravel: Daphnis Et Chloé / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 53479 Release Date: 01/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $11.99
    Back Order
    DVD:  $11.99 Add DVD to Cart

  • 86.
    Ravel: Bolero, La Valse, Etc / Karajan, Boulez, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469184 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Martha Argerich
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Seiji Ozawa,  Pierre Boulez,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Beaux Arts Trio,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $18.98
    CD: $13.99
    Low Stock
    MP3 Available
    On sale!   $18.98   CD:  $13.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $11.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 87.
    Ravel: Rapsodie Espagnole, Etc / Martinon, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Rca Red Seal Hp   Catalog: 63683 Release Date: 06/06/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Edward Druzinsky,  Donald Peck,  Clark Brody
    Conductor:  Jean Martinon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    Recommendation
    CD: $8.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $8.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 88.
    The Best of Ravel / Mehta, Monteux, et al
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4666672 Release Date: 05/29/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    Import CD
    $12.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $12.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 89.
    Debussy: La Mer;  Ravel: Daphnis And Chloe, Etc
    Label: Vox Da Capo   Catalog: 7209 Release Date: 11/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra,  St. Olaf Choir,  Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
    CD not available
    MP3 Available
    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 90.
    Ravel: Boléro, La Valse, Pavane, Etc / Dutoit, Montreal So
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 460214 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $16.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $11.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 91.
    Ravel: Orchestral Works / Abbado, Boston So, London So
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459439 Release Date: 05/03/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus
    On sale! $50.99
    Import CD
    $46.99
    Low Stock
    MP3 Available
    On sale!   $50.99   CD:  $46.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $11.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 92.
    Artist Profile - Giulini
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67723 Release Date: 03/13/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  César Franck,  Maurice Ravel,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    On sale! $24.98
    ArkivCD $21.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $24.98   ArkivCD:  $21.99 Add to Cart

  • 93.
    Bernstein Century - Ravel: Bolero, La Valse, Alborada
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 60565 Release Date: 07/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Schola Cantorum,  ORTF National Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
    Low Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $8.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 94.
    Symphonic Dances - Bernstein, Strauss, Ravel / Ling, Florida
    Label: Azica   Catalog: 71206 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss,  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Jahja Ling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Florida Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 95.
    Homage To Diaghilev / Igor Markevich, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1105 Release Date: 07/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Vincenzo Tommasini,  Manuel de Falla,  Paul Dukas  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    On sale! $25.98
    CD: $21.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $25.98   CD:  $21.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 96.
    Ravel: Bolero, La Valse, Etc / Lorin Maazel, Vienna Po
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 668600 Release Date: 05/20/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Import CD
    $8.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $8.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 97.
    Pastorale / Flute Force, Julius Baker
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1133 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Claude Debussy,  Anton Reicha,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Julius Baker,  Gretchen Pusch,  Rie Schmidt,  Wendy Stern  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Flute Force
    On sale! $16.98
    CD: $14.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $16.98   CD:  $14.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 98.
    Ravel: Boléro, Daphnis Et Chloë, Pavane / Joó, London So
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47243 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Arpád Joó
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers
    On sale! $11.98
    CD: $9.49
    In Stock
    On sale!   $11.98   CD:  $9.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 99.
    Guido Cantelli Conducts Dukas, Ravel, Falla, Rossini, Etc
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1017 Release Date: 01/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alfredo Casella,  Gioachino Rossini,  Manuel de Falla,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Conductor:  Guido Cantelli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Cecilia Academy Rome Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
    On sale! $25.98
    CD: $21.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $25.98   CD:  $21.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 100.
    Ravel: Orchestral Works / Ozawa, Boston Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 437392 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Doriot Dwyer,  Charles Kavalovski,  Sherman Walt,  Ralph Gomberg
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tanglewood Festival Chorus,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $16.99 Add CD to Cart

1 2 3 4 5