Maurice Ravel

Biography

Born: Mar 7, 1875; France   Died: Dec 28, 1937; France   Period: Romantic
Maurice Ravel was among the most significant and influential composers of the early twentieth century. Although he is frequently linked with Claude Debussy as an exemplar of musical impressionism, and some of their works have a surface resemblance, Ravel possessed an independent voice that grew out of his love of a broad variety of styles, including the French Baroque, Bach, Mozart, Chopin, Spanish folk traditions, and American jazz and blues. Read more His elegant and lyrically generous body of work was not large in comparison with that of some of his contemporaries, but his compositions are notable for being meticulously and exquisitely crafted. He was especially gifted as an orchestrator, an area in which he remains unsurpassed.
Ravel's mother was of Basque heritage, a fact that accounted for his lifelong fascination with Spanish music, and his father was a Swiss inventor and engineer, most likely the source of his commitment to precision and craftsmanship. At the age of 14, he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he was a student from 1889 to 1895 and from 1897 to 1903. His primary composition teacher was Gabriel Fauré. A major disappointment of his life was his failure to win the Prix de Rome in spite of numerous attempts. The difficulty was transparently the conflict between the conservative administration of the Conservatory and Ravel's independent thinking, meaning his association with the French avant-garde (Debussy), and his interest in non-French traditions (Wagner, the Russian nationalists, Balinese gamelan). He had already established himself as a composer of prominence with works such as his String Quartet, and the piano pieces Pavane pour une infante défunte, Jeux d'eau, and the Sonatine, and his loss of the Prix de Rome in 1905 was considered such a scandal that the director of the Conservatory was forced to resign.
Ravel continued to express admiration for Debussy's music throughout his life, but as his own reputation grew stronger during the first decade of the century, a mutual professional jealousy cooled their personal relationship. Around the same time, he developed a friendship with Igor Stravinsky. The two became familiar with each other's work during Stravinsky's time in Paris and worked collaboratively on arrangements for Sergey Diaghilev.
Between 1909 and 1912, Ravel composed Daphnis et Chloé for Diaghilev and Les Ballets Russes. It was the composer's largest and most ambitious work and is widely considered his masterpiece. He wrote a second ballet for Diaghilev, La Valse, which the impresario rejected, but which went on to become one of his most popular orchestral works. Following his service in the First World War as an ambulance driver, and the death of his mother in 1917, his output was temporarily diminished. In 1925, the Monte Carlo Opera presented the premiere of another large work, the "lyric fantasy" L'enfant et les sortilèges, a collaboration with writer Colette.
American jazz and blues became increasingly intriguing to the composer. In 1928 he made a hugely successful tour of North America, where he met George Gershwin and had the opportunity to broaden his exposure to jazz. Several of his most important late works, such as the Sonata for Violin and Piano No. 2 and the Piano Concerto in G show the influence of that interest.
Ironically, Ravel, who in his youth was rejected by some elements of the French musical establishment for being a modernist, in his later years was scorned by Satie and the members of Les Six as being old-fashioned, a symbol of the establishment. In 1932, an injury he sustained in an automobile accident started a physical decline that resulted in memory loss and an inability to communicate. He died in 1937, following brain surgery.
In spite of leaving one of the richest and most important bodies of work of any early twentieth century composer, one that included virtually every genre except for symphony and liturgical music, Ravel is most often remembered for an arrangement of another composer's work, and for a piece he considered among his least significant. His orchestral arrangement of Mussorgsky's piano suite Pictures at an Exhibition has been wildly popular with concertgoers (and the royalties from it made Ravel a rich man). Boléro, a 15-minute Spanish dance in which a single theme is repeated in a variety of instrumental guises, has been ridiculed for its insistent repetitiveness, but it is also a popular favorite and one of the most familiar and frequently performed orchestral works of the twentieth century. Read less
Ravel, Debussy: String Quartets / Klinko, Davies, Chilingirian Quartet
Release Date: 03/20/2007   Label: Emi Classics For Pleasure  
Catalog: 82231   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-Saens, Sarasate, Chausson, Ravel / Perlman, Mehta
Release Date: 10/25/1990   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 423063   Number of Discs: 1
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Ravel: Daphnis et Chloe / Nezet-Seguin
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1850   Number of Discs: 1
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The Complete Piano Works Of Maurice Ravel / Artur Pizarro
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Linn Records  
Catalog: 523   Number of Discs: 2
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Royal Mezzo - Barber: Andromache's Farewell;  Britten: Phaedra;  Ravel, Berlioz / Kalmar, Et Al
Release Date: 06/10/2008   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 104   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: La valse

Browse 176-200 of 212 Available Recordings
1 2 ... 7 8 9
  • 176.
    Ravel: Orchestral Works / Abbado, Boston So, London So
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459439 Release Date: 05/03/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus
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  • 177.
    Piano Xx Vol 1 - Ravel, Janácek, Scriabin, Et Al / Damerini
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47215 Release Date: 10/20/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karol Szymanowski,  Charles Ives,  George Gershwin,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Massimiliano Damerini
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  • 178.
    Dances For Two Pianos / Earl Wild, Christian Steiner
    Label: Ivory Classics   Catalog: 70803 Release Date: 09/15/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Earl Wild,  Christian Steiner
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  • 179.
    Ravel: Ma Mère L'oye, Rhapsodie Espagnole / Haitink
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 454452 Release Date: 07/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 180.
    Ravel: Boléro, La Valse / Mata, Dallas Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Rca Victrola   Catalog: 60485 Release Date: 07/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Eduardo Mata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra
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  • 181.
    Strauss, Ravel, Dukas / Argerich, Rabinovitch
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 96435 Release Date: 02/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Dukas,  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Alexandre Rabinovitch,  Martha Argerich
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  • 182.
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 479 Release Date: 09/01/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Francis Poulenc,  Sigfrid Karg-Elert,  Frank Bridge,  Percy Aldridge Grainger  ... 
    Performer:  Kathryn Stott,  Piers Lane,  Marc-André Hamelin,  Hamish Milne  ... 
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  • 183.
    The Classic Sound - Ravel: Boléro, La Valse, Etc / Ansermet
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 448576 Release Date: 07/15/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Paul Dukas  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 184.
    Ravel: La Valse, Etc;  Debussy, Satie / Ormandy, Szell, Etc
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 63056 Release Date: 07/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy,  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Alice Chalifoux,  Robert Marcellus,  Maurice Sharp
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Louis Lane,  George Szell,  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 185.
    Ravel: Valses Nobles Et Sentimentales, Etc / Kent Nagano
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 98479 Release Date: 02/13/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 186.
    Bartok: Dance Suite;  Ravel, Busoni, Et Al / Igor Markevitch
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1060 Release Date: 01/29/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Franz Liszt,  Anatole Liadov,  Ferruccio Busoni  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 187.
    Deux Pianos - Mozart, Ravel, Bartók Et Al / Sainz, Bergaglio
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 800 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carlos Guastavino,  Astor Piazzolla,  Béla Bartók,  Darius Milhaud  ... 
    Performer:  Liliana Sainz,  Jorge Bergaglio
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  • 188.
    Orchestre Des Concerts Lamoureux - Albert Wolff
    Label: Timpani   Catalog: 4024 Release Date: 12/01/1995   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Etienne-Nicolas Méhul,  Hector Berlioz,  Edouard Lalo,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Jeanne-Marie Darré
    Conductor:  Albert Wolff
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra
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  • 189.
    Duo Piano Extravaganza / Martha Argerich & Friends
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 446557 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Béla Bartók,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Stephen Kovacevich,  Willy Goudswaard,  Michel de Roo  ... 
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 190.
    Ravel: Daphnis Et Chloé, La Valse / Boulez, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 447057 Release Date: 09/19/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus
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  • 191.
    Glenn Gould Edition - Berg, Krenek, Webern, Debussy, Ravel
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 52661 Release Date: 06/27/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Anton Webern,  Ernst Krenek  ... 
    Performer:  James Campbell,  Glenn Gould
    Conductor:  Boris Brott
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  • 192.
    Ravel: Orchestral Works / Ozawa, Boston Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 437392 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Doriot Dwyer,  Charles Kavalovski,  Sherman Walt,  Ralph Gomberg
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tanglewood Festival Chorus,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 193.
    Ravel: Piano Works Vol 2 / François-joël Thiollier
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553008 Release Date: 03/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  François-Joël Thiollier
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  • 194.
    Ravel: Rhapsodie Espagnole; La Valse; Etc.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 4195 Release Date: 02/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Milan Horvat,  Henry Adolph,  Loic Bertrand
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  • 195.
    Ravel: La Valse, Boléro, Etc / Dohnányi, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 97439 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 196.
    Ravel - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64067 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Branford Marsalis
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Andrew Litton,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Camerata Singers,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 197.
    Ravel: Bolero; Daphnis Et Chloe; La Valse; Rapsodie Espagnole
    Label: Bescol   Catalog: 507 Release Date: 07/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
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  • 198.
    A Portrait Of France / Rene Leibowitz
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 57 Release Date: 06/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Conductor:  René Leibowitz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris,  London Festival Orchestra
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  • 199.
    Ravel: Boléro, Rapsodie Espagnole, La Valse
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57236 Release Date: 05/31/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Jahni Mardjani,  Vato Kahi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Georgian Festival Orchestra
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  • 200.
    Ravel - The Greatest Hits
    Label: Reference Gold   Catalog: 3608 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  Kun-Woo Paik,  Anna Lelkes,  Pamela Endsley,  Sylvia Cápová
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Denver Symphony Orchestra,  London Festival Orchestra  ... 
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1 2 ... 7 8 9

Maurice Ravel


WORKS
I. Prélude à la nuit
II. Malagueña
III. Habanera
IV. Feria
Ravel: Piano Concerto In G, M. 83 - 1. Allegramente
Ravel: Piano Concerto In G, M. 83 - 2. Adagio assai
Ravel: Piano Concerto In G, M. 83 - 3. Presto
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé, Suite No.2 - 1. Lever du jour [Daphnis et Chloë, Suite No.2]
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé, Suite No.2 - 2. Pantomime [Daphnis et Chloë, Suite No.2]
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé, Suite No.2 - 3. Danse générale [Daphnis et Chloë, Suite No.2]
1. Prélude
2. Fugue
3. Forlane
4. Rigaudon
5. Menuet
6. Toccata
Ravel: Valses nobles et sentimentales - for Orchestra - 1. Modéré; 2. Assez lent
Ravel: Valses nobles et sentimentales - for Orchestra - 3. Modéré; 4. Assez animé
Ravel: Valses nobles et sentimentales - for Orchestra - 5. Presque lent; 6. Assez vif
Ravel: Valses nobles et sentimentales - for Orchestra - 7. Moins vif; 8. Epilogue
Ravel: Gaspard de la nuit, M.55 - Ondine
Ravel: Gaspard de la nuit, M.55 - Le gibet
Ravel: Gaspard de la nuit, M.55 - Scarbo
1. Allegro moderato. Très doux
2. Assez vif. Très rythmé
3. Très lent
4. Vif et agité