Maurice Ravel

Biography

Born: Mar 7, 1875; France   Died: Dec 28, 1937; France   Period: Romantic
Maurice Ravel was among the most significant and influential composers of the early twentieth century. Although he is frequently linked with Claude Debussy as an exemplar of musical impressionism, and some of their works have a surface resemblance, Ravel possessed an independent voice that grew out of his love of a broad variety of styles, including the French Baroque, Bach, Mozart, Chopin, Spanish folk traditions, and American jazz and blues. Read more His elegant and lyrically generous body of work was not large in comparison with that of some of his contemporaries, but his compositions are notable for being meticulously and exquisitely crafted. He was especially gifted as an orchestrator, an area in which he remains unsurpassed.
Ravel's mother was of Basque heritage, a fact that accounted for his lifelong fascination with Spanish music, and his father was a Swiss inventor and engineer, most likely the source of his commitment to precision and craftsmanship. At the age of 14, he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he was a student from 1889 to 1895 and from 1897 to 1903. His primary composition teacher was Gabriel Fauré. A major disappointment of his life was his failure to win the Prix de Rome in spite of numerous attempts. The difficulty was transparently the conflict between the conservative administration of the Conservatory and Ravel's independent thinking, meaning his association with the French avant-garde (Debussy), and his interest in non-French traditions (Wagner, the Russian nationalists, Balinese gamelan). He had already established himself as a composer of prominence with works such as his String Quartet, and the piano pieces Pavane pour une infante défunte, Jeux d'eau, and the Sonatine, and his loss of the Prix de Rome in 1905 was considered such a scandal that the director of the Conservatory was forced to resign.
Ravel continued to express admiration for Debussy's music throughout his life, but as his own reputation grew stronger during the first decade of the century, a mutual professional jealousy cooled their personal relationship. Around the same time, he developed a friendship with Igor Stravinsky. The two became familiar with each other's work during Stravinsky's time in Paris and worked collaboratively on arrangements for Sergey Diaghilev.
Between 1909 and 1912, Ravel composed Daphnis et Chloé for Diaghilev and Les Ballets Russes. It was the composer's largest and most ambitious work and is widely considered his masterpiece. He wrote a second ballet for Diaghilev, La Valse, which the impresario rejected, but which went on to become one of his most popular orchestral works. Following his service in the First World War as an ambulance driver, and the death of his mother in 1917, his output was temporarily diminished. In 1925, the Monte Carlo Opera presented the premiere of another large work, the "lyric fantasy" L'enfant et les sortilèges, a collaboration with writer Colette.
American jazz and blues became increasingly intriguing to the composer. In 1928 he made a hugely successful tour of North America, where he met George Gershwin and had the opportunity to broaden his exposure to jazz. Several of his most important late works, such as the Sonata for Violin and Piano No. 2 and the Piano Concerto in G show the influence of that interest.
Ironically, Ravel, who in his youth was rejected by some elements of the French musical establishment for being a modernist, in his later years was scorned by Satie and the members of Les Six as being old-fashioned, a symbol of the establishment. In 1932, an injury he sustained in an automobile accident started a physical decline that resulted in memory loss and an inability to communicate. He died in 1937, following brain surgery.
In spite of leaving one of the richest and most important bodies of work of any early twentieth century composer, one that included virtually every genre except for symphony and liturgical music, Ravel is most often remembered for an arrangement of another composer's work, and for a piece he considered among his least significant. His orchestral arrangement of Mussorgsky's piano suite Pictures at an Exhibition has been wildly popular with concertgoers (and the royalties from it made Ravel a rich man). Boléro, a 15-minute Spanish dance in which a single theme is repeated in a variety of instrumental guises, has been ridiculed for its insistent repetitiveness, but it is also a popular favorite and one of the most familiar and frequently performed orchestral works of the twentieth century. Read less
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloe / Nezet-Seguin
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1850   Number of Discs: 1
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Ravel: Complete Works For Piano Duet / Thorson, Thurber
Release Date: 03/22/2011   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94176   Number of Discs: 2
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Ravel: Arrangements For Wind Quintet / Orlando Quintet
Release Date: 12/10/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94772   Number of Discs: 1
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The Complete Piano Works Of Maurice Ravel / Artur Pizarro
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Linn Records  
Catalog: 523   Number of Discs: 2
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Royal Mezzo - Barber: Andromache's Farewell;  Britten: Phaedra;  Ravel, Berlioz / Kalmar, Et Al
Release Date: 06/10/2008   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 104   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Boléro

Browse 26-50 of 193 Available Recordings
1 2 3 ... 7 8
  • 26.
    Ravel: Orchestral Works Vol 1 / Deneve, Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93305 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Stéphane Denève
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    CD: $18.99
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  • 27.
    Berlin Philharmonic - Centenary Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001923302 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Walter Berry,  Gundula Janowitz,  Hilde Rössl-Majdan  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Nikisch,  Alfred Hertz,  Richard Strauss,  Bruno Walter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Swedish Radio Chorus  ... 
    CD: $163.49
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  • 28.
    Maurice Ravel: La Valse; Ma Mere L'oye; Tzigane; Bolero; Pavane
    Label: Tacet   Catalog: 207 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Gordan Nikolic
    Conductor:  Carlo Rizzi
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  • 29.
    Ravel: Bolero
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001875302 Release Date: 09/03/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Myron Bloom,  Michel Debost
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
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  • 30.
    Ravel: Bolero - Orchestral Masterpieces
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564651447 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Francois-René Duchable,  Pierre Amoyal,  Rachel Yakar,  Jean-Claude Hermengat  ... 
    Conductor:  Armin Jordan
    CD: $24.99
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  • 31.
    Transcriptions / Grau Schumacher Piano Duo
    Label: Neos   Catalog: 20903 Release Date: 07/02/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Richard Wagner,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  GrauSchumacher Piano Duo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  GrauSchumacher Piano Duo
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  • 32.
    Libor Pesek: The Gold Collection
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4132 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy,  Josef Suk,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Michaela Fukacova,  Garrick Ohlsson,  Petr Skvor,  Eva Depoltová
    Conductor:  Libor Pesek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Kühn Mixed Chorus,  Brno State Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $29.99
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  • 33.
    Stravinsky: Le Sacre Du Printemps; Ravel, Debussy / Jordan, Paris National Opera
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5332 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Igor Stravinsky,  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Armin Jordan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris National Opera Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 34.
    Icon - Constantin Silvestri [15-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 233472 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  George Enescu,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
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  • 35.
    Mambos Y Fanfarria! / Clamor, Banda Sinfonica Juventil Simon Bolivar
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 13260 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giancarlo C. d'Addona,  Eugenio Toussaint,  Alberto Ginastera,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Victor Mendoza,  Valdemar Rodríguez
    Conductor:  Thomas Clamor
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Simon Bolivar Youth Orchestra of Venezuela,  El Sistema Symphonic Wind Ensemble
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  • 36.
    Maurice Ravel: La Valse; Ma Mere L'oye; Tzigane; Bolero; Pavane
    Label: Tacet   Catalog: 207 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Gordan Nikolic
    Conductor:  Carlo Rizzi
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  • 37.
    Essential 20th Century Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 234372 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Aram Khachaturian,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Jacqueline Du Pré,  Cécile Ousset,  Peter Donohoe,  Stomu Yamashta  ... 
    Conductor:  André Previn,  Simon Rattle,  Yuri Temirkanov,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Modern
    CD: $13.99
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  • 38.
    Label: Reflections   Catalog: 56806 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
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  • 39.
    Ravel: Orchestral Music, Vol. 1 / Slatkin, Orchestre National De Lyon
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572887 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Leonard Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lyon National Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Ravel: Orchestral Music, Vol. 1 / Slatkin, Orchestre National De Lyon [blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 30 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Leonard Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lyon National Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Traveling Sonata: European Music For Flute & Guitar
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 128 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Maurice Ravel,  François Borne,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  Viviana Guzman,  Jérémy Jouve
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  • 42.
    Eugene Ormandy Conducts 20th Century Classics
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 417202 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Gustav Holst,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Van Cliburn,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Mendelssohn Club Chorus Philadelphia,  Rutgers University Chorus
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  • 43.
    Ravel Complete Edition [14-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001728702 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  François-Joël Thiollier,  Jean-Yves Thibaudet,  Pierre-Laurent Aimard,  Ivo Pogorelich  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Charles Dutoit,  Ernest Ansermet,  John Eliot Gardiner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos Ensemble London,  Nash Ensemble,  Melos String Quartet Stuttgart  ... 
    CD: $83.49
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  • 44.
    Ravel: Bolero; La Valse; Sheherazade / Deshayes, Krivine, Luxembourg Philharmonic
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 311 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Karine Deshayes
    Conductor:  Emanuel Krivine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Ravel: Bolero; Rapsodie Espagnole
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001702602 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    CD: $8.99
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  • 46.
    Ravel, Debussy / Pierre Boulez [6-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001676802 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Franklin Cohen,  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Lisa Wellbaum,  Alison Hagley  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra Chorus,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 47.
    Ravel: Daphnis Et Chloe; Bolero
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 02315 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Kevin Gowland
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    CD: $8.99
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  • 48.
    Icon: William Steinberg
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 26486 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Rudolf Firkusny
    Conductor:  William Steinberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $63.99
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  • 49.
    Best Of Herbert Von Karajan
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 82158 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Bedrich Smetana,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 50.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 530 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Arthur Grumiaux
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
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1 2 3 ... 7 8

Maurice Ravel


WORKS
I. Prélude à la nuit
II. Malagueña
III. Habanera
IV. Feria
Ravel: Piano Concerto In G, M. 83 - 1. Allegramente
Ravel: Piano Concerto In G, M. 83 - 2. Adagio assai
Ravel: Piano Concerto In G, M. 83 - 3. Presto
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé, Suite No.2 - 1. Lever du jour [Daphnis et Chloë, Suite No.2]
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé, Suite No.2 - 2. Pantomime [Daphnis et Chloë, Suite No.2]
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé, Suite No.2 - 3. Danse générale [Daphnis et Chloë, Suite No.2]
1. Prélude
2. Fugue
3. Forlane
4. Rigaudon
5. Menuet
6. Toccata
Ravel: Valses nobles et sentimentales - for Orchestra - 1. Modéré; 2. Assez lent
Ravel: Valses nobles et sentimentales - for Orchestra - 3. Modéré; 4. Assez animé
Ravel: Valses nobles et sentimentales - for Orchestra - 5. Presque lent; 6. Assez vif
Ravel: Valses nobles et sentimentales - for Orchestra - 7. Moins vif; 8. Epilogue
Ravel: Gaspard de la nuit, M.55 - Ondine
Ravel: Gaspard de la nuit, M.55 - Le gibet
Ravel: Gaspard de la nuit, M.55 - Scarbo
1. Allegro moderato. Très doux
2. Assez vif. Très rythmé
3. Très lent
4. Vif et agité