Einojuhani Rautavaara

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1928; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Einojuhani Rautavaara is the best-known composer in contemporary Finnish music. He began to study at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki in the late1940s, but his professional career didn't begin until 1954 when his orchestral A Requiem in Our Time won a competition sponsored by Thor Johnson, then conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra. That same year Rautavaara entered an advanced course in music composition with Aarre Merikanto and Read more attracted the attention of Sibelius himself, who in 1955 recommended that Rautavaara be awarded a Tanglewood scholarship to study at the Julliard School for one year. In the United States Rautavaara studied with Aaron Copland and Roger Sessions, and once back in Europe, he completed his course of study in Switzerland with Wladimir Vogel and in Cologne with Rudolf Petzold.

Rautavaara, paraphrasing a statement usually made in reference to American politics, has said "If an artist is not a modernist when he is young, he has no heart. And if he is a modernist when he is old, he has no brain." Indeed, Rautavaara's style is rooted in modernism, and his earliest works are in a Nordic folk-derived idiom reminiscent of Bartók. Not surprisingly his approach shifted more strongly towards serialism after his experiences in Cologne. The political subject matter and often thorny 12-tone writing in Rautavaara's first opera, Kaivos (The Mine) led the Finnish National Opera to reject the work, but in a revised form Kaivos was aired on national Finnish television in 1963. This helped to establish Rautavaara's reputation in his home country.

By 1970 Rautavaara began to lose interest in the rigorous requirements of serialism. With his next major work, the opera Apollo contra Marsyas, Rautavaara opted for a poly-stylistic approach, utilizing jazz and popular music in an ironic juxtaposition against light Viennese classical music. This breakthrough led to the development of Rautavaara's mature style, in which the music is subservient to the demands of his programmatic concepts, whether political, environmental, social or spiritual. While Rautavaara's prestige gained ground in Europe throughout the seventies and eighties, it was his Symphony No. 7 "Angel of Light" (1994) that established his international reputation. This appealing and meditative work came as a surprise to many who felt that contemporary composers had grown hopelessly out of touch with the emotional needs of the public.

Rautavaara is a prolific composer with a career spanning seven decades. So far he has created ten operas, of which Thomas (1982-1985), Vincent (1986-1987) and Aleksis Kivi (1995-1996) are the best known. He has also produced eight symphonies and many concertos including the popular Cantus Arcticus; concerto for birds & orchestra (1972) and the double bass concerto Angel of Dusk (1980). Rautavaara has also written reams of choral, chamber and vocal music and a small amount of electronic music. Through working directly from his emotions and not hewing to party line serialism, Einojuhani Rautavaara has emerged, in the autumn of his life, as one the major figures in contemporary music worldwide. Read less

Browse 26-50 of 112 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Aurora - Music Of The Northern Lights / Jarvi, Gothenburg
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471747 Release Date: 12/29/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg,  Hans Christian Lumbye,  Carl Nielsen  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Nordic Vocal Music / Singer Pur
    Label: Ars Musici   Catalog: 232255 Release Date: 09/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wilhelm Stenhammar,  Hakan Parkman,  Nils-Eric Fougstedt,  Einojuhani Rautavaara  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Singer Pur
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  • 28.
    Rautavaara: Gift Of The Magi / Sakari, Freund, Kortekankas
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 2075 Release Date: 09/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Pia Freund,  Jaakko Kortekangas
    Conductor:  Petri Sakari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tapiola Sinfonietta
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  • 29.
    Rautavaara: 12 Concertos / Oliveira, Ashkenazy, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1156 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Marko Ylönen,  Richard Stoltzman,  Patrick Gallois,  Marielle Nordmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Max Pommer,  Leif Segerstam,  Jukka-Pekka Saraste,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leipzig Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 30.
    Artist Profile Series - Adams, Tavener, Lindberg, Rzewski / Ralph Van Raat
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8505040 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Maurice Duruflé,  Olivier Messiaen,  Conlon Nancarrow  ... 
    Performer:  Ralph van Raat,  Maarten Van Veen
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  • 31.
    Rautavaara: The 8 Symphonies
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1145 Release Date: 02/24/2009   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Conductor:  Mikko Franck,  Max Pommer,  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Belgian National Orchestra,  Leipzig Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Nordic Vocal Music / Singer Pur
    Label: Ars Musici   Catalog: 232255 Release Date: 01/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wilhelm Stenhammar,  Hakan Parkman,  Nils-Eric Fougstedt,  Einojuhani Rautavaara  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Singer Pur
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  • 33.
    National Treasures - Finland, A Collection Of Classical Favourites
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 940 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Väinö Raitio,  Armas Järnefelt,  Erkki Melartin,  Heino Kaski  ... 
    Conductor:  Jukka-Pekka Saraste,  Leif Segerstam,  Tuomas Ollila,  Max Pommer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 34.
    Tchaikovsky, Mussorgsky, Rorem: Songs / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 25 Release Date: 11/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolseley Charles,  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Charles Ives,  Ned Rorem  ... 
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Gerald Finley
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  • 35.
    Jorma Hynninen - A Profile Of A Great Career
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: ODE944 Release Date: 10/15/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Jorma Hynninen
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  • 36.
    Rautavaara - Complete Works For Male Choir / Matti Hyokki, Yl Male Voice Choir, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1125 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Conductor:  Pasi Hyökki,  Matti Hyökki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  YL Male Voice Choir,  Talla Vocal Ensemble
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  • 37.
    Sonic Rebellion - An Alternative Classical Collection [b&n Exclusive]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572090 Release Date: 06/03/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Adams,  Philip Glass,  Henryk Mikolaj Górecki,  George Antheil  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Of Beauty & Light - The Music Of Philip Glass
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8504040 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Philip Glass,  John Adams,  Charles Wuorinen,  Hans Werner Henze  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Gunn,  Adele Anthony,  Peter Sheppard Skaerved,  Aaron Shorr  ... 
    Conductor:  Takuo Yuasa,  Marin Alsop,  Tamás Benedek,  Hannu Lintu  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ulster Orchestra,  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra,  Group for Contemporary Music  ... 
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  • 39.
    Rautavaara: Symphony No 8 / Inkinen, New Zealand Symphony
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570069 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Conductor:  Pietari Inkinen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Zealand Symphony Orchestra
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  • 40.
    The Silence Of Being - The Music Of Arvo Pärt
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8506015 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt,  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  John Adams,  Jorgen Plaetner  ... 
    Performer:  Jurgen Petrenko,  Laura Mikkola,  Maria Kliegel,  Elsbeth Moser  ... 
    Conductor:  Noel Edison,  Tamás Benedek,  Hannu Lintu,  Marin Alsop  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Elora Festival Singers,  Elora Festival Orchestra,  Hungarian State Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 41.
    Rautavaara: Manhattan Trilogy, Symphony No 3
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 10905 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Elektra Women's Choir - Classic Elektra
    Label: Skylark   Catalog: 5637293881 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Egil Hovland,  Pablo Casals,  David Conte,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Eric Hominick,  Evelyn Creaser-Rumley,  Nancy DiNovo,  Brenda Fedoruk
    Conductor:  Morna Edmundson,  Diane Loomer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Elektra Women's Choir
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  • 43.
    Sonic Rebellion - Alternative Classical Collection
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570760 Release Date: 09/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt,  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  John Adams,  Jorgen Plaetner  ... 
    Performer:  Laura Mikkola,  Elsbeth Moser,  Maria Kliegel,  Kathrin Rabus  ... 
    Conductor:  Tamás Benedek,  Hannu Lintu,  Marin Alsop,  Fuat Kent  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hungarian State Opera Orchestra,  Royal Scottish National Orchestra,  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $4.99
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  • 44.
    Rautavaara: Song Of My Heart, Etc / Suovanen, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1085 Release Date: 01/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Gabriel Suovanen
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Rautavaara: Angels And Visitations
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1079 Release Date: 09/19/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Patrick Gallois,  Richard Stoltzman,  Ralf Gothóni,  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Conductor:  Mikko Franck,  Leif Segerstam,  Max Pommer,  Timo Nuoranne  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Belgian National Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leipzig Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 46.
    Speck: The Morning Trumpet;  Friedman, Etc / Tunnell, Et Al
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 2793 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frederick Speck,  Stanley Friedman,  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Marc Satterwhite  ... 
    Performer:  J. David Wagner,  Michael Tunnell,  Meme Tunnell,  Reese Land
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  • 47.
    Rautavaara: Book Of Visions, Etc / Franck, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1064 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Conductor:  Mikko Franck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Belgian National Orchestra
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  • 48.
    North / Accentus, Eric Ericson
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5037 Release Date: 01/17/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Lars Johan Werle,  Jan Sandström,  Jorgen Jersild,  Knut Nystedt  ... 
    Conductor:  Eric Ericson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Accentus
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  • 49.
    Paths In Tapiola - Rautavara, Et Al / Lehtinen, Et Al
    Label: Alba   Catalog: 202 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Seppo Pohjola,  Ilkka Kuusisto,  Kalevi Aho
    Conductor:  Markus Lehtinen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tapiola Youth Symphony
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  • 50.
    De Murcia: Codex / Lislevand, Ensemble Kapsberger
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 8903 Release Date: 08/16/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Santiago de Murcia,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Fillippo Azzaiolo,  Einojuhani Rautavaara  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre-Laurent Aimard,  Anne Gastinel,  Juliette Hurel,  Philippe Spinosi  ... 
    Conductor:  Rinaldo Alessandrini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Kapsberger,  Il Giardino Armonico,  Doulce Mémoire  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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