Einojuhani Rautavaara

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1928; Finland   Period: 20th Century
Einojuhani Rautavaara is the best-known composer in contemporary Finnish music. He began to study at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki in the late1940s, but his professional career didn't begin until 1954 when his orchestral A Requiem in Our Time won a competition sponsored by Thor Johnson, then conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra. That same year Rautavaara entered an advanced course in music composition with Aarre Merikanto and Read more attracted the attention of Sibelius himself, who in 1955 recommended that Rautavaara be awarded a Tanglewood scholarship to study at the Julliard School for one year. In the United States Rautavaara studied with Aaron Copland and Roger Sessions, and once back in Europe, he completed his course of study in Switzerland with Wladimir Vogel and in Cologne with Rudolf Petzold.
Rautavaara, paraphrasing a statement usually made in reference to American politics, has said "If an artist is not a modernist when he is young, he has no heart. And if he is a modernist when he is old, he has no brain." Indeed, Rautavaara's style is rooted in modernism, and his earliest works are in a Nordic folk-derived idiom reminiscent of Bartók. Not surprisingly his approach shifted more strongly towards serialism after his experiences in Cologne. The political subject matter and often thorny 12-tone writing in Rautavaara's first opera, Kaivos (The Mine) led the Finnish National Opera to reject the work, but in a revised form Kaivos was aired on national Finnish television in 1963. This helped to establish Rautavaara's reputation in his home country.
By 1970 Rautavaara began to lose interest in the rigorous requirements of serialism. With his next major work, the opera Apollo contra Marsyas, Rautavaara opted for a poly-stylistic approach, utilizing jazz and popular music in an ironic juxtaposition against light Viennese classical music. This breakthrough led to the development of Rautavaara's mature style, in which the music is subservient to the demands of his programmatic concepts, whether political, environmental, social or spiritual. While Rautavaara's prestige gained ground in Europe throughout the seventies and eighties, it was his Symphony No. 7 "Angel of Light" (1994) that established his international reputation. This appealing and meditative work came as a surprise to many who felt that contemporary composers had grown hopelessly out of touch with the emotional needs of the public.
Rautavaara is a prolific composer with a career spanning seven decades. So far he has created ten operas, of which Thomas (1982-1985), Vincent (1986-1987) and Aleksis Kivi (1995-1996) are the best known. He has also produced eight symphonies and many concertos including the popular Cantus Arcticus; concerto for birds & orchestra (1972) and the double bass concerto Angel of Dusk (1980). Rautavaara has also written reams of choral, chamber and vocal music and a small amount of electronic music. Through working directly from his emotions and not hewing to party line serialism, Einojuhani Rautavaara has emerged, in the autumn of his life, as one the major figures in contemporary music worldwide. Read less
Rautavaara: Rubaiyat, Balada, Canto V & 4 Songs from Rasputin / Storgards, Helsinki Philharmonic
Release Date: 05/13/2016   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1274   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 26-50 of 91 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Artist Profile Series - Adams, Tavener, Lindberg, Rzewski / Ralph Van Raat
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8505040 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Maurice Duruflé,  Olivier Messiaen,  Conlon Nancarrow  ... 
    Performer:  Ralph van Raat,  Maarten Van Veen
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  • 27.
    Rautavaara: The 8 Symphonies
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1145 Release Date: 02/24/2009   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Conductor:  Mikko Franck,  Max Pommer,  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Belgian National Orchestra,  Leipzig Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 28.
    National Treasures - Finland, A Collection Of Classical Favourites
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 940 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Väinö Raitio,  Armas Järnefelt,  Erkki Melartin,  Heino Kaski  ... 
    Conductor:  Jukka-Pekka Saraste,  Leif Segerstam,  Tuomas Ollila,  Max Pommer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 29.
    Tchaikovsky, Mussorgsky, Rorem: Songs / Gerald Finley, Julius Drake
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 25 Release Date: 11/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolseley Charles,  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Charles Ives,  Ned Rorem  ... 
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Gerald Finley
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  • 30.
    Jorma Hynninen - A Profile Of A Great Career
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: ODE944 Release Date: 10/15/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Jorma Hynninen
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  • 31.
    Rautavaara - Complete Works For Male Choir / Matti Hyokki, Yl Male Voice Choir, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1125 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Conductor:  Pasi Hyökki,  Matti Hyökki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  YL Male Voice Choir,  Talla Vocal Ensemble
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  • 32.
    Sonic Rebellion - An Alternative Classical Collection [b&n Exclusive]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572090 Release Date: 06/03/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Adams,  Philip Glass,  Henryk Mikolaj Górecki,  George Antheil  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Of Beauty & Light - The Music Of Philip Glass
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8504040 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Philip Glass,  John Adams,  Charles Wuorinen,  Hans Werner Henze  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Gunn,  Adele Anthony,  Peter Sheppard Skaerved,  Aaron Shorr  ... 
    Conductor:  Takuo Yuasa,  Marin Alsop,  Tamás Benedek,  Hannu Lintu  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ulster Orchestra,  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra,  Group for Contemporary Music  ... 
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  • 34.
    Rautavaara: Symphony No 8 / Inkinen, New Zealand Symphony
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570069 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Conductor:  Pietari Inkinen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Zealand Symphony Orchestra
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  • 35.
    The Silence Of Being - The Music Of Arvo Pärt
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8506015 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt,  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  John Adams,  Jorgen Plaetner  ... 
    Performer:  Jurgen Petrenko,  Laura Mikkola,  Maria Kliegel,  Elsbeth Moser  ... 
    Conductor:  Noel Edison,  Tamás Benedek,  Hannu Lintu,  Marin Alsop  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Elora Festival Singers,  Elora Festival Orchestra,  Hungarian State Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 36.
    Rautavaara: Manhattan Trilogy, Symphony No 3
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 10905 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Elektra Women's Choir - Classic Elektra
    Label: Skylark Digital   Catalog: 5637293881 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Egil Hovland,  Pablo Casals,  David Conte,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Eric Hominick,  Evelyn Creaser-Rumley,  Nancy DiNovo,  Brenda Fedoruk
    Conductor:  Morna Edmundson,  Diane Loomer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Elektra Women's Choir
    CD: $23.99
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  • 38.
    Sonic Rebellion - Alternative Classical Collection
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570760 Release Date: 09/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Philip Glass,  Krzysztof Penderecki,  Conlon Nancarrow,  John Cage  ... 
    Performer:  Mia Wu,  Boris Berman,  Peter Skaerved,  Aaron Shorr  ... 
    Conductor:  Marin Alsop,  Antoni Wit,  Hans Zender,  Paul Hillier  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra,  Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Saarbrucken Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $4.99
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  • 39.
    Rautavaara: Song Of My Heart, Etc / Suovanen, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1085 Release Date: 01/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Gabriel Suovanen
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Rautavaara: Angels And Visitations
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1079 Release Date: 09/19/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Patrick Gallois,  Richard Stoltzman,  Ralf Gothóni,  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Conductor:  Mikko Franck,  Leif Segerstam,  Max Pommer,  Timo Nuoranne  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Belgian National Orchestra,  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leipzig Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 41.
    Speck: The Morning Trumpet;  Friedman, Etc / Tunnell, Et Al
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 2793 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frederick Speck,  Stanley Friedman,  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Marc Satterwhite  ... 
    Performer:  J. David Wagner,  Michael Tunnell,  Meme Tunnell,  Reese Land
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  • 42.
    Rautavaara: Book Of Visions, Etc / Franck, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1064 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Conductor:  Mikko Franck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Belgian National Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Rautavaara: Rasputin / Salminen, Paasikivi, Franck
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 4002 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Gabriel Suovanen,  Lilli Paasikivi,  Jorma Hynninen,  Ritva-Liisa Korhonen  ... 
    Conductor:  Mikko Franck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Finnish National Opera Orchestra,  Finnish National Opera Chorus
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  • 44.
    Rautavaara: Clarinet Concerto, Etc / Stoltzman, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1041 Release Date: 05/24/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Richard Stoltzman
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Finnish Music For Strings: Rautavaar, Sallinen, Nordren, Sibelius
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4619762 Release Date: 05/09/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Pehr Henrik Nordgren,  Jean Sibelius,  Aulis Sallinen
    CD: $8.99
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  • 46.
    Light Of The Spirit / Brown, Choir Of Clare College Cambridge
    Label: Collegium Records   Catalog: 902 Release Date: 04/01/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  William Henry Harris,  Anonymous,  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander Jupp,  Nicholas Mulroy,  Reuben Thomas,  Vanessa Huntly  ... 
    Conductor:  Timothy Brown
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clare College Choir
    SuperAudio CD: $18.99
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  • 47.
    Rautavaara - The Journey / Vänskä, Kuusisto, Lahti So
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1315 Release Date: 11/30/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Jaakko Kuusisto
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 48.
    December / Sofia Soderberg Eberhard, Svanholm Singers
    Label: Nosag Records   Catalog: 105 Release Date: 11/25/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Einojuhani Rautavaara,  Carl Nielsen,  Joseph Mohr  ... 
    Conductor:  Sofia Soderberg Eberhard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Svanholm Singers
    CD: $17.99
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  • 49.
    Rautavaara: The House Of The Sun / Mikko Franck, Oulu So
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1032 Release Date: 01/20/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Anne-Kristiina Kaappola,  Raija Regnell,  Ulla Raiskio,  Petri Backstrom  ... 
    Conductor:  Mikko Franck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oulu Symphony Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Rautavaara: Piano Concertos No 2 & 3 / Mikkola, Klas, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557009 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Einojuhani Rautavaara
    Performer:  Laura Mikkola
    Conductor:  Eri Klas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Radio Symphony
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