Arvo Pärt

Composition Types

Biography

Born: Sep 11, 1935; Estonia   Period: 20th Century
Arvo Pärt is one of the most important living composers of concert music. His first works, dating from the 1950s, showed the influence of Prokofiev and Shostakovich, as heard in his two Sonatinas for piano (1958). But as his musical studies under Heino Eller continued, he was drawn toward serial techniques and turned out a number of works in the 1960s in this vein. His First Symphony (1961), for instance, displays this method and is dedicated to Read more Eller. By the end of that decade, Pärt had become disenchanted by the 12-tone technique and began writing music in varying styles. In 1976, however, Pärt started composing in what he called his tintinnabulation (or tintinnabuli) method, which involves the constant presence throughout the work of a lone unchanging triad. This new style resulted in music so radically different from that which had preceded it, that many observed that it seemed to have come from a different hand altogether.
Unlike most composers of major rank, Pärt did not show remarkable talent in his childhood or even in his early adolescence. His first serious study came in 1954 at the Tallinn Music Middle School, but less than a year later he temporarily abandoned it to fulfill military service, playing oboe and percussion in the army band.
In 1957, Pärt enrolled at the Tallinn Conservatory where he studied under Eller. He graduated in 1963, having worked throughout his student years and afterward as a recording engineer for Estonian Radio. He wrote several film scores and other works during this period, among them his two Sonatinas for piano, from 1958, and Nekrolog, a serial work for orchestra, from 1960. He also wrote a number of choral pieces at this time, among which was the ethereal a cappella effort, Solfeggio (1964). Pärt continued to compose music mainly in the serial vein throughout the 1960s, but received little recognition, since that method of composition was generally anathema throughout the Soviet Union. In the late 1960s and early 1970s Pärt studied the music of Renaissance era composers, particularly that of Machaut, Josquin Desprez, and Obrecht. His Symphony No. 3 reflected these influences in its austere, Medieval sound world.
By the mid-1970s, Pärt was working on an altogether new style of composition. In 1976 he unveiled this method, the aforementioned tintinnabulation, with the piano work, Für Alina. A trio of more popular works followed in 1977, Fratres, for string quintet and wind quintet (later given additional arrangements by the composer), Cantus In Memoriam Benjamin Britten (revised 1980) and Tabula Rasa, for two violins, prepared piano, and string orchestra. Owing to the continued political oppression he found in Estonia, Pärt and his wife and two sons emigrated to the West in 1980, settling first in Vienna, then in West Berlin.
In the 1980s and 1990s, Pärt, a devout member of the Eastern Orthodox Church, wrote a number of large-scale choral religious works, including the St. John Passion (1982), Magnificat (1989), The Beatitudes (1990), and Litany (1994). He has declared a preference for vocal music in his later years, and continues, like the English composer John Tavener, also an adherent of the Eastern Orthodox religion, to write much religious music.
In 1995, Pärt was recognized for his many artistic achievements by being elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. He remains among the most popular serious composers of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Read less
Pärt: Fratres, Festina Lente, Summa, Etc / Tamás Benedek
Release Date: 08/05/1997   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553750   Number of Discs: 1
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Pärt: Tabula Rasa, Symphony No 3, Collage / Yuasa, Et Al
Release Date: 01/16/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554591   Number of Discs: 1
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Britten: Young Person's Guide, Etc;  Pärt: Cantus / Järvi
Release Date: 09/23/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 420   Number of Discs: 1
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Baltic Organ Music - Pärt, Ciurlionis, Et Al / Ericsson
Release Date: 10/12/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 561   Number of Discs: 1
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Arvo Pärt: Passio
Release Date: 04/29/2003   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555860   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 26-50 of 303 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    The Sound of Arvo Part / Jarvi, Kaljuste
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 556104 Release Date: 06/17/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Truls Otterbech Mork,  Arvo Leibur,  Kalev Kuljus,  Christopher Bowers-Broadbent  ... 
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi,  Tönu Kaljuste
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  • 27.
    Ama me / Garajova
    Label: Arcodiva   Catalog: 184 Release Date: 06/10/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Igor Stravinsky,  Arvo Pärt,  Sylvie Bodorová  ... 
    Performer:  Eva Garajová,  Ludmila Peterková,  Jana Lahodná,  Marek Švejkar  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zemlinsky Quartet
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  • 28.
    Himmelslieder / Creed, SWR Vokalensemble Stuttgart
    Label: Swr Music   Catalog: 19015 Release Date: 06/10/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Traditional,  Anonymous,  Arvo Pärt  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Stange,  Judith Hilger,  Johanna Zimmer,  Hubert Mayer  ... 
    Conductor:  Marcus Creed
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  SWR Stuttgart Vocal Ensemble
    CD: $18.99
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  • 29.
    Discover Film Classics
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 0300716 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Paul Dukas,  Yann Tiersen  ... 
    Performer:  Jeroen van Veen,  Douw Fonda,  Theo Adam,  Helena Doese  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Heinz Rogner,  Erhard Mauersberger,  Rudolf Mauersberger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  German Brass,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $11.99
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  • 30.
    Oblivion Soave / Fentross, Ornstein
    Label: Zefir Records   Catalog: 9644 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lucas Ruiz de Ribayaz,  Claudio Monteverdi,  Henry Purcell,  Girolamo Frescobaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Mike Fentross,  Maarten Ornstein
    CD: $18.99
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  • 31.
    The Deer's Cry / Christophers, The Sixteen
    Label: Coro   Catalog: 16140 Release Date: 04/01/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  William Byrd,  Arvo Pärt,  Thomas Tallis
    Performer:  Kirsty Hopkins,  Camilla Harris,  Emma Brain-Gabbott
    Conductor:  Harry Christophers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
    CD: $18.99
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  • 32.
    Imago / Moira Lo Bianco
    Label: Steinway & Sons   Catalog: 30060 Release Date: 03/11/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Louis Couperin,  Erik Satie,  Cathy Dennis,  Kurt Cobain  ... 
    Performer:  Moira Lo Bianco
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  • 33.
    Eagles & Seven Tears / Bruggen, Bassano Quartet
    Label: Aliud   Catalog: 87 Release Date: 03/04/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Henry Purcell,  John Dowland,  John Taverner  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bassano Quartet
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  • 34.
    Time And Its Passing
    Label: Signum Classics   Catalog: 445 Release Date: 02/12/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Tavener,  Gabriel Jackson,  Arvo Pärt,  Zoltán Kodály  ... 
    Performer:  Jaivin [Baritone Vocal] Raj,  Max Barley,  Hannah Wright,  Isabel [Soprano Vocal] Gibber  ... 
    Conductor:  Ralph Allwood
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  • 35.
    Transient
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 1221 Release Date: 02/12/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Terry Riley,  Paul Smadbeck,  Dominik Bukowski,  Philip Glass  ... 
    Performer:  Kasia Kadlubowska,  Dominik Bukowski,  Steffen Dix
    CD: $19.99
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  • 36.
    Light and Dark and In Between - A Progressive Recital Featuring Four Organs in Baltimore / Diane Luchese
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 964 Release Date: 02/09/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Olivier Messiaen,  Jean-Louis Florentz,  Keith Carpenter,  John Cage  ... 
    Performer:  Diane Luchese
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  • 37.
    Recital / Lajos Lencses
    Label: Bayer Records   Catalog: 100379 Release Date: 01/29/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  François Devienne,  Robert Schumann,  Charles Koechlin  ... 
    Performer:  Lajos Lencsés,  Balázs Kálvin,  Márta Ábrahám
    CD: $18.99
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  • 38.
    Label: Milan   Catalog: 36752 Release Date: 01/22/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Arvo Pärt
    Conductor:  Marc-Michaël de Smet
    CD: $14.99
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  • 39.
    111: The Collector's Editions [111 CDs]
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002422702 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 111
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Lorin Maazel,  Franz Konwitschny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Amadeus Quartet,  Paris Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $325.49
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  • 40.
    Arvo Part: Organ Music; Choral Music
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94960 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Felix Justin
    Conductor:  Benjamin Saunders
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leeds Cathedral Choir
    CD: $11.99
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  • 41.
    Part/Wilson: Adam's Passion
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 20333 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Conductor:  Tönu Kaljuste
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir,  Tallinn Chamber Orchestra
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 42.
    Part/Wilson: Adam's Passion [blu-ray]
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 10333 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Conductor:  Tönu Kaljuste
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir,  Tallinn Chamber Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 43.
    Solitudes: Baltic Reflections
    Label: Delphian   Catalog: 34156 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Olli Mustonen,  Zita Bruzaite,  Aulis Sallinen,  Erkki-Sven Tüür  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Martinova,  Su-a Lee,  Cyril Garac,  Brian Schiele  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mr. McFall's Chamber
    CD: $19.99
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  • 44.
    The Kristjan Jarvi Sound Project: Arvo Part - Passacaglia
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5425 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Anne Akiko Meyers
    Conductor:  Kristjan Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Middle German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Middle German Radio Chorus
    CD: $17.99
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  • 45.
    Paul Hillier Conducts Arvo Part: Choral & Instrumental Music
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 2908730 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Christopher Bowers-Broadbent,  Kaia Urb,  Tiit Kogermann,  Aarne Talvik  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Hillier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Theatre of Voices,  Ars Nova Copenhagen,  Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir
    CD: $21.99
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  • 46.
    Part: Complete Works for Violin & Piano and for Piano Solo / Schoch, Worms
    Label: Zefir Records   Catalog: 9641 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Ursula Schoch,  Marcel Worms
    CD: $18.99
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  • 47.
    Advent
    Label: Rondeau Productions   Catalog: 6098 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  James MacMillan,  Jan Wilke,  Dominik Dieterle,  Alwin Michael Schronen  ... 
    Conductor:  Mathias Rickert
    CD: $18.99
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  • 48.
    Arvo Part: Musica Selecta - A Sequence By Manfred Eicher
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 002382502 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Vladimir Mendelssohn,  Alexander Malter,  Keith Jarrett  ... 
    Conductor:  Tönu Kaljuste,  Saulius Sondeckis,  Dennis Russell Davies,  Andrey Boreyko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vox Clamantis,  Hilliard Ensemble
    CD: $24.99
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  • 49.
    Verbier Festival: Best Of 2014
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 551695 Release Date: 08/28/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Scriabin,  Arvo Pärt,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Evgeny Kissin,  Sergei Babayan,  Daniil Trifonov,  Jan Lisiecki  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Gábor Takács-Nagy,  Marc Minkowski,  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Verbier Festival Orchestra,  Verbier Festival Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $23.99
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  • 50.
    Do: Pathways
    Label: Genuin Classics   Catalog: 15339 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bright Sheng,  Arvo Pärt,  Alfred Schnittke,  Lera Auerbach  ... 
    Performer:  Zhi-Jong Wang,  Yashuangzi Xie
    CD: $18.99
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