Arvo Pärt

Composition Types

Biography

Born: Sep 11, 1935; Estonia   Period: 20th Century
Arvo Pärt is one of the most important living composers of concert music. His first works, dating from the 1950s, showed the influence of Prokofiev and Shostakovich, as heard in his two Sonatinas for piano (1958). But as his musical studies under Heino Eller continued, he was drawn toward serial techniques and turned out a number of works in the 1960s in this vein. His First Symphony (1961), for instance, displays this method and is dedicated to Read more Eller. By the end of that decade, Pärt had become disenchanted by the 12-tone technique and began writing music in varying styles. In 1976, however, Pärt started composing in what he called his tintinnabulation (or tintinnabuli) method, which involves the constant presence throughout the work of a lone unchanging triad. This new style resulted in music so radically different from that which had preceded it, that many observed that it seemed to have come from a different hand altogether.
Unlike most composers of major rank, Pärt did not show remarkable talent in his childhood or even in his early adolescence. His first serious study came in 1954 at the Tallinn Music Middle School, but less than a year later he temporarily abandoned it to fulfill military service, playing oboe and percussion in the army band.
In 1957, Pärt enrolled at the Tallinn Conservatory where he studied under Eller. He graduated in 1963, having worked throughout his student years and afterward as a recording engineer for Estonian Radio. He wrote several film scores and other works during this period, among them his two Sonatinas for piano, from 1958, and Nekrolog, a serial work for orchestra, from 1960. He also wrote a number of choral pieces at this time, among which was the ethereal a cappella effort, Solfeggio (1964). Pärt continued to compose music mainly in the serial vein throughout the 1960s, but received little recognition, since that method of composition was generally anathema throughout the Soviet Union. In the late 1960s and early 1970s Pärt studied the music of Renaissance era composers, particularly that of Machaut, Josquin Desprez, and Obrecht. His Symphony No. 3 reflected these influences in its austere, Medieval sound world.
By the mid-1970s, Pärt was working on an altogether new style of composition. In 1976 he unveiled this method, the aforementioned tintinnabulation, with the piano work, Für Alina. A trio of more popular works followed in 1977, Fratres, for string quintet and wind quintet (later given additional arrangements by the composer), Cantus In Memoriam Benjamin Britten (revised 1980) and Tabula Rasa, for two violins, prepared piano, and string orchestra. Owing to the continued political oppression he found in Estonia, Pärt and his wife and two sons emigrated to the West in 1980, settling first in Vienna, then in West Berlin.
In the 1980s and 1990s, Pärt, a devout member of the Eastern Orthodox Church, wrote a number of large-scale choral religious works, including the St. John Passion (1982), Magnificat (1989), The Beatitudes (1990), and Litany (1994). He has declared a preference for vocal music in his later years, and continues, like the English composer John Tavener, also an adherent of the Eastern Orthodox religion, to write much religious music.
In 1995, Pärt was recognized for his many artistic achievements by being elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. He remains among the most popular serious composers of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Read less
Pärt: Summa / Kantorow, Tapiola Sinfonietta
Release Date: 02/18/1997   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 834   Number of Discs: 1
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Pärt: Spiegel Im Spiegel, Etc / Järvi, Kalijuste, Et Al
Release Date: 06/28/2005   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1434   Number of Discs: 1
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Britten: Young Person's Guide, Etc;  Pärt: Cantus / Järvi
Release Date: 09/23/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 420   Number of Discs: 1
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Baltic Organ Music - Pärt, Ciurlionis, Et Al / Ericsson
Release Date: 10/12/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 561   Number of Discs: 1
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Winter Songs - Dean, Tuur, Vasks, Pärt, Nielsen / Norman
Release Date: 11/25/2003   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1332   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 26-50 of 271 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Moonlight: The Piano Music Of Beethoven, Chopin, Glass, Part, Helisek
    Label: Helisek Music Publishing   Catalog: 500 Release Date: 05/05/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Philip Glass,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Timothy A. Helisek  ... 
    Performer:  Timothy A. Helisek,  Tina Guo
    CD: $13.99
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  • 27.
    The Kristjan Jarvi Sound Project - Baltic Sea Voyage
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5407 Release Date: 04/28/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Wilhelm Stenhammar,  Edvard Grieg,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Conductor:  Kristjan Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Baltic Sea Youth Philharmonic
    CD: $17.99
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  • 28.
    Fratres / Les Violons Du Roy - 30 Ans
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 3015 Release Date: 04/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Pachelbel,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Taylor,  Karina Gauvin,  Benedetto Lupo,  Pascale Giguère  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Labadie,  Jean-Marie Zeitouni,  Mathieu Lussier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Violons du Roy
    CD: $8.99
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  • 29.
    Part - Tintinnabuli / Phillips, Tallis Scholars
    Label: Gimell   Catalog: 49 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Conductor:  Peter Phillips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tallis Scholars
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  • 30.
    Sacred Songs of Life & Love / Schmidt, South Dakota Chorale
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 186530 Release Date: 02/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt,  Algirdas Martinaitis,  Knut Nystedt,  Sven-David Sandström  ... 
    Conductor:  Brian Schmidt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  South Dakota Chorale
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  • 31.
    Die 12 Cellisten Der Berliner Philharmoniker: Recordings 1978-2010
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 620749 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Francis Poulenc,  Gabriel Fauré,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  David Delacroix,  Jocelyn B. Smith,  Hans-Dieter Lorenz,  Franz Schindelbeck  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Halsey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Twelve Cellists of the Berlin Philharmonic,  Berlin Radio Chorus members
    CD: $60.99
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  • 32.
    Mysterious Nativity /  Les Metaboles
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95080 Release Date: 11/18/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt,  Gyorgy Sviridov,  Dimitri Tchesnokov,  Vytautas Miskinis  ... 
    Conductor:  Leo Warynski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Métaboles
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  • 33.
    Beyond the Eastern Wind / Deltchev, Collegium Vocale
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 750 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henryk Mikolaj Górecki,  Arvo Pärt,  Alfred Schnittke,  Peteris Vasks  ... 
    Performer:  Louise Boll
    Conductor:  Michael Deltchev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Collegium Vocale
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  • 34.
    Carols From King's / Cleobury, Choir Of King's College Cambridge
    Label: King's College Choir   Catalog: 8 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henry John Gauntlett,  Traditional,  Benjamin Britten,  Arvo Pärt  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Cleobury
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cambridge King's College Choir
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  • 35.
    Arvo Part / Layton, Polyphony
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 68056 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polyphony (Vocal Ensemble)
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  • 36.
    Arvo Part: Fur Anna Maria - Complete Piano Music
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95053 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Jeroen van Veen,  Sandra van Veen,  Douw Fonda
    CD: $11.99
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  • 37.
    Road Movies - Adams, Part, Lysight  / Duo Gemini
    Label: Pavane   Catalog: 7562 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Adams,  Arvo Pärt,  Michel Lysight
    Performer:  Jean-Noël Remiche,  Jean-Frédéric Molard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Duo Gemini
    On sale! $16.99
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  • 38.
    Symphonia Momentum
    Label: Aldilà   Catalog: 98004 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Reinhard Schwarz-Schillin,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Michael Hamel,  Arvo Pärt  ... 
    Performer:  Helmut Nicolai,  Rebekka Hartmann
    Conductor:  Christoph Schlüren
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  • 39.
    Part: Berliner Mass, Magnificat Antiphons, De Profundis / Layton, Polyphony
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55408 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Andrew Lucas,  Chris Guy,  Rachel Elliott
    Conductor:  Stephen Layton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polyphony
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  • 40.
    Cognisance: The Piano Music Of Glass, Adams, Part, Cage & Helisck
    Label: Helisek Publishing   Catalog: 239 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Adams,  Philip Glass,  Arvo Pärt,  John Cage  ... 
    Performer:  Timothy A. Helisek
    CD: $14.99
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  • 41.
    Motherland / Khatia Buniatishvili
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 373462 Release Date: 07/01/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Khatia Buniatishvili
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  • 42.
    Part: Stabat Mater / Moody, Goeyvaerts String Trio
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72616 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Zsuzsi Toth,  Barnabás Hegyi,  Olivier Berten
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Goeyvaerts String Trio
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  • 43.
    100 Great Symphonies
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002054602 Release Date: 06/03/2014   Number of Discs: 56
    Composer:  Giovanni Battista Sammartini,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf,  Johann Christian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Hanna Schwarz,  René Kollo,  Kurt Moll  ... 
    Conductor:  Kevin Mallon,  Christopher Hogwood,  Thomas Füri,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Aradia Ensemble,  Academy of Ancient Music,  Camerata Bern  ... 
    CD: $245.99
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  • 44.
    Capriccioso
    Label: Aliud   Catalog: 62 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Niccolò Paganini,  Ciprian Porumbescu,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Duo Stoica (Violin & Piano)
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  • 45.
    Bach & Contemporary Music
    Label: Tyx Art   Catalog: 13036 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sofia Gubaidulina,  Arvo Pärt,  Xiaoyong Chen  ... 
    Performer:  Alexandra Sostmann
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  • 46.
    Sonic Philosophy: Colour And Affect
    Label: Orchid Classics   Catalog: 100038 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arvo Pärt,  Olivier Messiaen,  Anton Webern,  Toru Takemitsu  ... 
    Performer:  Hugo Ticciati,  Henrik Mawe
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  • 47.
    Vivaldi: The Four Seasons / Anne Akiko Meyers
    Label: eOne   Catalog: 7790 Release Date: 02/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Anne Akiko Meyers
    Conductor:  David Lockington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 48.
    The Merton Collection - Merton College At 750
    Label: Delphian   Catalog: 34134 Release Date: 12/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Sheppard,  Arvo Pärt,  William Byrd,  Orlando Gibbons  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Steppler,  Francis Shepherd,  Emily Tann,  Polly [Soprano Vocal] Gamble
    Conductor:  Peter Phillips,  Benjamin Nicholas
    CD: $19.99
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  • 49.
    Alfred Schnittke, Arvo Part: Konzert Fur Chor
    Label: Br Klassik   Catalog: 900505 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alfred Schnittke,  Arvo Pärt
    Conductor:  Peter Dijkstra
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Chorus
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  • 50.
    Credo / Helene Grimaud [Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001935346 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Corigliano,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Arvo Pärt
    Performer:  Hélène Grimaud
    Conductor:  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Swedish Radio Chorus
    Blu-ray Audio: $21.99
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