Antonio De Cabezón

Biography

Born: circa 1510; Castrillo de Matajudios, Spain    Died: March 26, 1566; Madrid, Spain  
One of the first composers to write prolifically for keyboard, Antonio Cabezón was innovative and influential. His works anticipated the potential of both the organ and clavichord -- later explored to a greater degree by Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck (1562-1621) and Manuel Rodrigues Coelho (1583-1635), both of whom were influenced by Cabezón -- and his treatise on keyboard performance advocated the use of the thumb, which was unusual Read more for the time. Fortunate to have led a privileged existence, Cabezón entered easily into the circles of Spanish nobility, and spent much of his life in the service of royalty.

Born into a noble family (landowners in Castillo de Matajudíos and Castrojeriz), Antonio Cabezón was either blind from birth or blinded in early childhood. His first musical training was probably from a local organist; it is certain that he continued his studies in Palencia with Garcia de Baeza, organist at the Burgos Cathedral. While in Palencia, Cabezón lived with his relative, Esteban Martinez de Cabezón, canon of Burgos Cathedral.

In 1525, excellent recommendations helped Cabezón move from Palencia to Toledo, where he took up a position in the new royal chapel of Queen Isabella; he became principal organist a year later. He later played in the chamber consort of Charles V. Cabezón, married the wealthy Luisa Núñez (1538), and relocated to Avila, his new wife's native city. Their five children also secured positions with the royal family.

After Queen Isabella died in 1539, Cabezón remained in the service of her children, one of whom was Prince Philip, the future king; by the time of Philip's accession, Cabezón played only for Philip's chapel. As part of the Royal retinue Cabezón traveled to Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands (October 1548-July 1551), and later to England (July 1554-January 1556). During these excursions, he was exposed to a great deal of music, some of which he transcribed. More importantly, Cabezón exerted an influence upon the keyboard composers whom he met. The few of Cabezón's pieces that were printed during his lifetime appeared in Luis Venegas de Henestrosa's Libro de cifra neuva of 1557. Cabezón's son, Hernando (1541-1602), published most his father's known works after Cabezón's death.

Cabezón's music was influenced by that of the Franco-Flemish composers, particularly Josquin DesPrez, but his works are clearly in the Spanish instrumental tradition; his keyboard writing is masterfully idiomatic. Striking modulations mark his music, which is infused with modal chromaticism; an adventurous use of intervals (discouraged by contemporary theorists) enabled him to develop a colorful harmonic palette. His motivic approach to melodic writing produced intensely woven, unified works that relied primarily on augmentation and diminution of a primary idea for variation and development.

Cabezón composed in a wide variety of instrumental genres, including tientos, (ricercari), glosas, diferencias, falsobordone, versos, hymns, and canons. He treated diferencias, or variations on tunes, in an original manner by placing the cantus firmus in a different voice in each variation; this technique was later adopted by William Byrd (1543-1623). Read less
Browse 1-25 of 77 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    El aire se serena / Seldom Sene
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95304 Release Date: 03/25/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio De Cabezón,  Francisco Guerrero,  Phillippe Verdelot,  Cristóbal de Morales  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seldom Sene
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  • 2.
    Music for Emperor Charles V / Capella de la Torre
    Label: Coviello Classics   Catalog: 91602 Release Date: 03/25/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Traditional,  Michael Praetorius,  Francisco de la Torre  ... 
    Performer:  Matthias Gerchen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella de la Torre
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  • 3.
    Journey: Two Hundred Years of Harpsichord Music / Pinnock
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 570 Release Date: 02/12/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio De Cabezón,  William Byrd,  Thomas Tallis,  Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck  ... 
    Performer:  Trevor Pinnock
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  • 4.
    Victoria: Alio modo / Musica Ficta
    Label: Enchiriadis   Catalog: 2044 Release Date: 01/29/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Tomás Luis de Victoria,  Francisco Guerrero,  Antonio De Cabezón,  William Byrd
    Performer:  Sara Agueda
    Conductor:  Raul Mallavibarrena
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Ficta
    CD: $11.99
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  • 5.
    Cipriano De Rore: Ancor Che Col Parire
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 355 Release Date: 03/31/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Cypriano de Rore,  Antonio De Cabezón,  Giovanni Battista Bovicel,  Andrea Gabrieli  ... 
    Performer:  Paulin Bündgen,  Quito Gato,  Marie Bournisien,  Bernard Foccroulle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cappella Mediterránea,  Clematis,  L'Achéron (Viol Consort)  ... 
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  • 6.
    Un Viaje A Napoles / Sara Agueda
    Label: Enchiriadis   Catalog: 2041 Release Date: 03/31/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lucas Ruiz de Ribayaz,  Antonio De Cabezón,  Juan Hidalgo,  Diego Ortiz  ... 
    Performer:  Sara Agueda,  Calia Alvarez,  Victor Sordo
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  • 7.
    Renaissance And Baroque Organ Music
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 694558 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Michelangelo Rossi,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Tarquinio Merula  ... 
    Performer:  Herbert Tachezi
    CD: $28.99
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  • 8.
    Organy Joachima Wagnera W Siedlcach Ii, 1744-1745
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 971 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bernardo Storace,  Antonio De Cabezón,  Michelangelo Rossi,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Ireneusz Wyrwa
    CD: $19.99
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  • 9.
    The Mission / Bennett, Norwegian Wind Ensemble, Nordic Voices
    Label: Lawo Classics   Catalog: 1061 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Juan Arańés,  Juan Hidalgo,  Francisco Salinas  ... 
    Conductor:  Mark Bennett
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Norwegian Wind Ensemble
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  • 10.
    E Per Concerto Di Viole: Early Baroque Music
    Label: Divox   Catalog: 70808 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio De Cabezón,  Giovanni Maria Trabaci,  Francisco Correa de Arauxo,  Cesario Gussago  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Instrumental Academy
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  • 11.
    L'arpa Di Partenope: Harp Music From Early Baroque Naples
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 24192 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Maria Trabaci,  Carlo Gesualdo,  Ascanio Mayone,  Giovanni de Macque  ... 
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  • 12.
    Antonio De Cabezon: Music For Keyboard
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 80004 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio De Cabezón
    Performer:  Enrico Baiano
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  • 13.
    Musica Hispanica i Italiana Dels Segles XVI, XVII i XVIII
    Label: La Ma De Guido   Catalog: 2121 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio De Cabezón,  Francisco Correa de Arauxo,  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Bernardo Pasquini  ... 
    Performer:  Josep Bonet,  Pablo Taboada Jimenez
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  • 14.
    De Cabezon: Suavidad Y Extraneza / Andres Cea
    Label: Lindoro   Catalog: 0120 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio De Cabezón
    Performer:  Andrés Cea Galán
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  • 15.
    Antonio de Cabezon: Obras de Musica
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 335 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio De Cabezón,  Phillippe Verdelot,  Orlando de Lassus,  Claude de Sermisy  ... 
    Conductor:  Denis Raisin-Dadre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Doulce Mémoire
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  • 16.
    Cabezon: Glosas / Glen Wilson
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572477 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio De Cabezón,  Juan de Cabezón,  Hernando de Cabezón,  Hernando de Cabezón
    Performer:  Glen Wilson
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    CD: $12.99
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  • 17.
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 81402 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Guerrero,  Anonymous,  Antonio De Cabezón,  Juan de Esquivel Barahona  ... 
    Performer:  Alastair Ross
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  • 18.
    Willaert: Chansons; Madrigali; Villanel / Malfeyt, Romanesque
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 331 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Adrian Willaert,  Pierre Attaingnant,  Giovanni Antonio Terzi,  Antonio De Cabezón  ... 
    Performer:  Philippe Malfeyt,  Hannelore Devaere,  Bart Coen,  Sophie Watillon  ... 
    Conductor:  Philippe Malfeyt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Romanesque
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  • 19.
    Cabezon: Obras De Musica / Harmonices Mundi, La Moranda
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94346 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Antonio De Cabezón
    Performer:  Claudio Astronio
    Conductor:  Claudio Astronio
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Moranda,  Harmonices Mundi,  La Moranda Wind Ensemble  ... 
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    CD: $34.99
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  • 20.
    La Monarcha - 17th Century Music From The Spanish Territories
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94352 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andrea Falconieri,  Francesco Corbetta,  Santiago de Murcia,  Bartolemé de Selma y Salaverde  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cordevento
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  • 21.
    Harpsichord Music From England, Spain And Portugal / Ruzickova
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4118 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  John Dowland,  Ferdinando Richardson,  Anonymous,  John Bull  ... 
    Performer:  Zuzana Ruzicková
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    CD: $22.49
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  • 22.
    Cabezon: Complete Tientos And Variations / Glen Wilson
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572475 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio De Cabezón
    Performer:  Glen Wilson
    CD: $25.49
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  • 23.
    Los Ministriles In The New World
    Label: Navona   Catalog: 5875 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Fernandes,  Santiago de Murcia,  Antonio De Cabezón,  Diego Ortiz  ... 
    Performer:  Annette Bauer
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  • 24.
    Historical Organs Of The Philippines
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1360 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Antonio Valente,  Sebastián Aguilera de Heredia,  Anonymous,  José de Torres  ... 
    Performer:  Guy Bovet
    On sale! $104.98
    CD: $72.49
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  • 25.
    Historical Organs Of The Philippines: San Agustin
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1363 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sebastián Aguilera de Heredia,  Antonio De Cabezón,  Francisco Correa de Arauxo,  Catalonian Anonymous  ... 
    Performer:  Guy Bovet
    On sale! $22.98
    CD: $18.99
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