John Knowles Paine

Biography

Born: January 9, 1839; Portland, ME   Died: April 25, 1906; Cambridge, MA  
Until the appearance of composer Johns Knowles Paine during the latter half of the nineteenth century, American musical culture was a pale reflection of its European counterpart. Although it would be decades before Paine's legacy would bear real fruit -- during the explosion of U.S. compositional activity during the first two or three decades of the twentieth century -- his importance as the first professor of music at an American institution of Read more higher learning (Harvard University), and the subsequent dissemination of his ideas by three generations of students, have earned him a special place in the history of American music.

Paine was born in Maine during February 1839. His childhood training, received through a German-born musician named Herman Kotschmar, was thorough; by the time Paine departed for Europe in 1858 he was a skilled pianist, organist and composer. Studies at the Berlin Hochschule für Musik (mainly with organist Karl-August Haupt) made a lasting impression on the composer, whose work would bear the mark of healthy German Romanticism until the end of his days. Paine returned to the United States in 1861, made a new home in Boston, and by 1863 had won, largely on the merit of his many appearances as an organist and his countless public lectures on musical form and history, a position on the faculty of Harvard University.

Paine's accomplishments as an administrator and teacher are important indeed. In addition to his work at Harvard -- where he almost single-handedly organized a department of music which would prove to be the model of every later American University -- Paine also played an important role during the formation of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. His many notable students include composer Arthur Foote and musicologist/critic Olin Downes.

Paine's virtues as a composer are less unimpeachable, particularly in the later years when poor health robbed him of some of his creative faculty. At his best, as in the Mass in D from 1866-1867, and, to a somewhat lesser degree, in the First Symphony of 1875, Paine's language is clear and natural, owing much to the German classics he studied with Kotschmar and at the Hochschule in Berlin. Paine, however, did not move with great ease or fluidity into the more chromatic style of composition that emerged during the later years of the century, and when he began to stretch his tonal and expressive language -- in an effort to remain more "current" -- his music suffered noticeably (as in the programmatic Second Symphony of 1880). Within a few years of Paine's death his music had all but disappeared from the concert hall, though the general resurgence of interest in early American composers during the later years of the twentieth century provided Paine with a welcome (albeit temporary) respite from his place in musical limbo. Read less
Browse 1-21 of 21 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Paine: Symphony No 1, The Tempest / Falletta, Ulster
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8559747 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Knowles Paine
    Conductor:  JoAnn Falletta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ulster Orchestra
    Recommendation
    CD: $9.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $9.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $7.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 2.
    Organo Plano
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 944 Release Date: 04/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Conrad Susa,  Jean-Adam Guilain,  Nicolaus Bruhns,  Eugene Gigout  ... 
    Performer:  Scott Montgomery
    On sale! $20.98
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $20.98   CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 3.
    Il Nuovo Organo Mascioni Della Chiesa Parrocchiale
    Label: Syrius   Catalog: 141439 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Samuel Sebastian Wesley,  Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens,  Felix Alexandre Guilmant,  John Knowles Paine  ... 
    Performer:  Massimo Nosetti
    On sale! $20.98
    CD: $17.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $20.98   CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 4.
    American Pioneers - Carpenter,  Macdowell,  Buck,  Foote, Knowles Paine
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 41118 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Alden Carpenter,  John Knowles Paine,  Edward MacDowell,  Arthur Foote  ... 
    Conductor:  Kenneth Klein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    Recommendation
    CD: $12.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $12.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $7.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 5.
    Historic Organs Of Seattle: A Young Yet Vibrant History
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 8 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Craig Phillips,  Anonymous,  Georg Böhm,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Craig Phillips,  Sharon Porter Shull,  Derek Nickels,  Christopher Marks  ... 
    Conductor:  Tom Foster
    On sale! $51.98
    CD: $39.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $51.98   CD:  $39.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 6.
    Songs Of An Innocent Age / Paul Sperry, Irma Vallecillo
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 34 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Amy Marcy Beach,  Carrie Jacobs-Bond,  Henry Clough-Leiter,  Dudley Buck  ... 
    Performer:  Irma Vallecillo,  Paul Sperry
    On sale! $19.98
    CD: $16.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $19.98   CD:  $16.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 7.
    Great European Organs Vol 71 - Hollins, Et Al / Kitchen
    Label: Priory Records   Catalog: 858 Release Date: 03/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alfred Hollins,  Edward Bairstow,  Martin Dalby,  John Knowles Paine  ... 
    Performer:  John Kitchen
    On sale! $22.98
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $22.98   CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 8.
    A Tennessee Organ Tour Vol 2 / John Brock
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 770 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Böhm,  Johann Nicolaus Hanff,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  John Brock
    On sale! $20.98
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $20.98   CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 9.
    American Organ Music 1890-1940 / Samuel John Swartz
    Label: Motette   Catalog: 1090 Release Date: 07/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dudley Buck,  Horace Alden Miller,  Lynnwood Farnam,  Edwin Lemare  ... 
    Performer:  Samuel John Swartz
    On sale! $22.98
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $22.98   CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 10.
    Hail To The Chief / United States Marine Band
    Label: Altissimo   Catalog: 225580 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Claude-Joseph de Lisle,  John Stafford Smith,  James Sanderson  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  United States Marine Band
    On sale! $16.99
    CD: $14.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $16.99   CD:  $14.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 11.
    Paine: Organ Music / Murray Forbes Somerville
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 460 Release Date: 07/27/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Knowles Paine
    Performer:  Murray Forbes Somerville
    On sale! $20.98
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $20.98   CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 12.
    Malcolm Frager Plays American Piano Music
    Label: New World Records   Catalog: 80206 Release Date: 09/29/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edward MacDowell,  Horatio Parker,  Adolph Martin Foerster,  Henry F. Gilbert  ... 
    Performer:  Malcolm Frager
    On sale! $19.98
    CD: $16.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $19.98   CD:  $16.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 13.
    Historic Organs Of Connecticut - 35 Historic Pipe Organs
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 94 Release Date: 12/16/1997   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Gottfried August Homilius,  Amy Marcy Beach,  John Stanley,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  David Dahl,  Ardyth Lohuis,  Robert Murray,  Victoria Wagner  ... 
    On sale! $51.98
    CD: $39.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $51.98   CD:  $39.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 14.
    Skyscrapers / Klein, London Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 235 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Alden Carpenter,  Arthur Foote,  Edward MacDowell,  Dudley Buck  ... 
    Conductor:  Kenneth Klein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    Recommendation
    On sale! $19.98
    CD: $16.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    On sale!   $19.98   CD:  $16.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 15.
    Historic Organs Of New Orleans
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 89 Release Date: 09/26/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Carl Nielsen,  James Hewitt,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Mary Matthys,  Bruce Stevens,  Garry Savoie,  Lenora McCroskey  ... 
    On sale! $41.98
    CD: $36.99
    Special Order
    On sale!   $41.98   CD:  $36.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 16.
    Historic Organs Of San Francisco
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 88 Release Date: 09/26/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Jeanne Demessieux,  Théodore Dubois,  Louis J.A. Lefébure-Wely  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Hazleton,  Robert F. Bates,  Rosalind Mohnsen,  Marilyn Stulken  ... 
    On sale! $41.98
    CD: $36.99
    Special Order
    On sale!   $41.98   CD:  $36.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 17.
    Paine: Selected Piano Works / Denver Oldham
    Label: New World Records   Catalog: 80424 Release Date: 04/16/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  John Knowles Paine
    Performer:  Denver Oldham
    On sale! $41.98
    CD: $35.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $41.98   CD:  $35.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 18.
    Fugues, Fantasia, And Variations - 19th Century... / Morris
    Label: New World Records   Catalog: 80280 Release Date: 10/06/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Elbridge Whiting,  John Knowles Paine,  Horatio Parker,  Whitney Eugene Thayer  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Morris
    On sale! $19.98
    CD: $16.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $19.98   CD:  $16.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 19.
    Paine: Mass In D / Schuller, Saint Louis Symphony
    Label: New World Records   Catalog: 80262 Release Date: 12/08/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  John Knowles Paine
    Performer:  John Cheek,  Vinson Cole,  Carmen Balthrop,  Joy Blackett
    Conductor:  Gunther Schuller
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra,  St. Louis Symphony Chorus
    On sale! $41.98
    CD: $35.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $41.98   CD:  $35.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 20.
    Paine: Symphony No 1 / Mehta, New York Philharmonic
    Label: New World Records   Catalog: 80374 Release Date: 12/08/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Knowles Paine
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    On sale! $19.98
    CD: $16.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $19.98   CD:  $16.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 21.
    Paine: Symphony No 2 / Mehta, New York Philharmonic
    Label: New World Records   Catalog: 80350 Release Date: 12/08/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Knowles Paine
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    Recommendation
    On sale! $19.98
    CD: $16.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $19.98   CD:  $16.99 Add CD to Cart