Carl Orff

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Biography

Born: July 10, 1895; Munich, Germany   Died: March 29, 1982; Munich, Germany  
Although his fame rests on the success of a single work, the famous and frequently commercially mutilated Carmina Burana, Carl Orff was in fact a multi-faceted musician and prolific composer who wrote in many styles before developing the primal, driving language which informs his most famous work. In addition to his fame as the creator of Carmina burana, Orff enjoyed international renown as the world's pre-eminent authority on children's music Read more education, his life's work in that area represented by Musik für Kinder, five eclectic collections of music to be performed by children, eventually developing into a more extensive series known as Orff Schulwerk.

Born in 1895 to an old Bavarian family, Orff studied piano and cello while still a young boy. He later studied at the Munich Academy of Music, graduating in 1914. The music that he composed during this period shows the influence of several composers, including Debussy and Richard Strauss. In 1914, Orff was appointed Kapellmeister at the Munich Kammerspiele, where he remained until joining the military in 1917. Discharged from service the following year, Orff continued to work as a conductor, accepting further positions in Mannheim and Darmstadt during the 1918-1919 seasons. Returning to Munich in 1919, Orff studied composition privately with Heinrich Kaminski while supporting himself as a teacher. In 1924, he founded the Güntherschule for music and dance with Dorothee Günther, dedicating himself to making musical performance accessible to children. Under his guidance, an entire orchestra of special "Orff instruments" was designed, enabling children to play music without formal training. The following year, Orff made three stage adaptations of works by Monteverdi. Continuing his work in the area of Baroque music, Orff became conductor of the Munich Bach society in 1930, a position he held until 1933. The experience of performing Baroque music, particularly sacred works for the stage, convinced Orff that an effective musical performance must fuse music, words and movement, a goal no doubt partly inspired by his work with the Güntherschule. Orff embodied his conception of music in the fabulously successful Carmina Burana (1937), which in many ways defined him as a composer. Based on an important collection of Latin and German Goliard poems found in the monastery of Benediktbeuren, this work exemplifies Orff's search for an idiom that would reveal the elemental power of music, allowing the listener to experience music as a overwhelming, primitive force. Goliard poetry, which not only celebrates love and wine, but also pokes fun at the clergy, perfectly suited Orff's desire to create a musical work appealing to a fundamental musicality that, as he believed, every human being possesses. Eschewing melodic development and harmonic complexity, and articulating his musical ideas through basic sonorities and easily discernible rhythmic patterns, Orff created an idiom which many found irresistible. The perceived "primitivism" of Carmina burana notwithstanding, Orff believed that the profound appeal of music is not merely physical. This belief is reflected by many other works, including musical dramas based on Greek tragedies, namely, Antigonae (1949), Oedipus der Tyrann (1959), and Prometheus (1966). These works, as well as some compositions on Christian themes, followed the composer's established dramatic and compositional techniques, but failed to repeat the tremendous success of Carmina burana. His last work, De temporum fine comoedia (A Comedy About the End of Time) premiered at the 1973 Salzburg Festival. Nine years later, Carl Orff died in Munich, where he had spent his entire life. Read less
Carl Orff: Antigonae / Sawallisch, Modl, Radev, Dooley, Kuen, Uhl
Release Date: 03/30/2010   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 9066   Number of Discs: 2
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Orff: Carmina Burana / Hickox, London SO
Release Date: 10/28/2008   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5067   Number of Discs: 1
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Günther Wand Edition - Orff: Carmina Burana
Release Date: 07/19/2005   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 5005   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 226-234 of 234 Available Recordings
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  • 226.
    Orff: Carmina Burana / Shaw, Atlanta So & Chorus
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80056 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Orff
    Performer:  Judith Blegen,  William Brown,  Håkan Hagegård
    Conductor:  Robert Shaw
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra,  Atlanta Boys Choir,  Atlanta Symphony Chorus
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  • 227.
    Orff: Carmina Burana / Tilson Thomas, Blegen, Riegel, Et Al
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 33172 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Orff
    Performer:  Judith Blegen,  Kenneth Riegel,  Peter Binder
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra Chorus,  Cleveland Orchestra Boys Choir
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  • 228.
    Orff: Carmina Burana / Welser-möst, Hendricks, Black, Chance
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54054 Release Date: 10/15/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Orff
    Performer:  Jeffrey Black,  Michael Chance,  Barbara Hendricks
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Choir,  St. Alban's Abbey Church Choir
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  • 229.
    Orff: Die Kluge, Der Mond
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 63712 Release Date: 10/15/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Orff
    Performer:  Hans Hotter,  Helmut Graml,  Rudolf Christ,  Paul Kuen  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Children's Chorus
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  • 230.
    Orff: Carmina Burana / Ozawa, Gruberova, Aler, Hampson
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422363 Release Date: 05/23/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Orff
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Edita Gruberova,  John Aler
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Cathedral Boys' Choir,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Shinyukai Choir  ... 
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  • 231.
    Orff: Carmina Burana / Jochum, Janowitz, Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 76107 Release Date: 08/01/1988   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Orff
    Performer:  Gerhard Stolze,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gundula Janowitz
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra,  Schöneberg Boys Choir
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  • 232.
    Orff: Carmina Burana / Riccardo Chailly
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 411702 Release Date: 07/16/1984   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Orff
    Performer:  Sylvia Greenberg,  James Bowman,  Stephen Roberts
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Cathedral Boys' Choir,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Chorus
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  • 233.
    100 Best Adagio Voices
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64292 Release Date: 09/22/0009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi  ... 
    Performer:  Natalie Dessay,  Philippe Jaroussky,  Toby Spence,  Barbara Hendricks  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Langrée,  Emmanuelle Haïm,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Andrew Parrott  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Le Concert D'Astrée,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Taverner Players  ... 
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