Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven, Period. / Haimovitz, O'Riley
Release Date: 02/10/2015   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 186475   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Nos 3, 4, 27 / Richter
Release Date: 01/17/2012   Label: Musical Concepts  
Catalog: 1158   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Piano Sonata Op 111;  Schumann / Ivo Pogorelich
Release Date: 07/01/1983   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 4105202   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Sonatas Op 31 & 49 / Maurizio Pollini
Release Date: 01/06/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002235102   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Piano Trios
Release Date: 07/12/2011   Label: Musical Concepts  
Catalog: 1141   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Emperor Concerto

Browse 226-250 of 299 Available Recordings
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  • 226.
    Label: Spj Music   Catalog: 90601 Release Date: 02/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
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  • 227.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos. 2 & 5
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 457891 Release Date: 12/21/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Maurizio Pollini
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 228.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 5, Sonatas / Solomon, Menges
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1221 Release Date: 11/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Solomon
    Conductor:  Herbert Menges
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 229.
    Beethoven: Emperor Concerto; Haydn: Piano Concerto No 11 / Michelangeli
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7406482 Release Date: 10/29/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli
    Conductor:  Mario Rossi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 230.
    Rubinstein Collection Vol 36 - Beethoven: Concertos;  Haydn
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63036 Release Date: 10/09/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Symphony of the Air
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  • 231.
    Beethoven: Egmont Overture, Piano Concerto No 5 / Nanut
    Label: Vox Allegretto   Catalog: 8193 Release Date: 07/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Dubravka Tomsic
    Conductor:  Anton Nanut
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ljubljana Symphony Orchestra
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  • 232.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 5, Sonata No 23 / Brendel
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 468666 Release Date: 06/29/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 233.
    Eloquence - Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 4 & 5 /Arrau, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 468113 Release Date: 04/10/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 234.
    Philips 50 - Beethoven: Piano Concertos 4 & 5 / Arrau
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 464681 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 235.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto 5;  Tchaikovsky / Jordania, Et Al
    Label: Angelok   Catalog: 9904 Release Date: 01/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Tatsuya Nagashima
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Jordania
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Federation State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 236.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos 4 & 5 / Curzon, Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467126 Release Date: 11/14/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 237.
    Rare Recordings (1936-45) / Wilhelm Kempff
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1071 Release Date: 10/24/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Gabriel Fauré,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff
    Conductor:  Peter Raabe,  Hans Weisbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leipzig Symphony Orchestra
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  • 238.
    Beethoven: Overtures, Leonora No 3, Etc /Lill, Weller, Et Al
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6612 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  John Lill
    Conductor:  Walter Weller
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
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  • 239.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos / Curzon, Kubelik, Bavarian Rso
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95459 Release Date: 08/29/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 240.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos No 4 & 5 / Barenboim, Berlin Po
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 74008 Release Date: 08/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 241.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 5, Choral Fantasy / Brendel
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 1038 Release Date: 04/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Friedrich Wührer,  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Academy Chamber Choir,  Vienna Pro Musica Orchestra
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  • 242.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 5, C Minor Variations / Uchida
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462586 Release Date: 02/08/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Mitsuko Uchida
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 243.
    A. B. Michelangeli In Performance - Beethoven, Haydn
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4296 Release Date: 11/16/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli
    Conductor:  Agostino Orizio,  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brescia and Bergamo Festival Chamber Orchestra,  Paris Symphony Orchestra
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  • 244.
    Beethoven, Mozart: Piano Concertos / Curzon, Boulez, Et Al
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4020 Release Date: 11/16/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Clifford Curzon
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 245.
    Beethoven: Complete Sonatas & Concertos, Etc / Arrau, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462358 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau,  János Starker,  Henryk Szeryng
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Eliahu Inbal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 246.
    Beethoven: The Piano Concertos / Levin, Gardiner
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 459622 Release Date: 09/14/1999   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Robert Levin,  David Watkin,  Peter Hanson,  Constanze Backes  ... 
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique,  Monteverdi Choir
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  • 247.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 9, Etc;  Mozart / Sawallisch, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 73329 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Youri Egorov,  Margaret Price,  Jan-Hendrik Rootering,  Peter Seiffert  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Düsseldorf Städtischer Musikvereins Chorus,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 248.
    Beethoven: 5 Piano Concertos / Brendel, Rattle, Vienna Po
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462781 Release Date: 04/06/1999   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $49.99
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  • 249.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 5, Violin Concerto / Beths, Etc
    Label: Sony Classical Vivarte Series   Catalog: 63365 Release Date: 04/28/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Vera Beths,  Jos van Immerseel
    Conductor:  Bruno Weil
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tafelmusik
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  • 250.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 5, Concerto For Piano No 5
    Label: Spj Music   Catalog: 90013 Release Date: 04/07/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
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