Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Symphonies No 1-9, Overtures... / Bernstein
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 7683912   Number of Discs: 6
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Beethoven: Triple Concerto, Septet / Shaham, Bronfman, Zinman
Release Date: 04/11/2006   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 640150   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances / Tetzlaff
Release Date: 06/13/2006   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 769940   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Maurizio Pollini
Release Date: 02/24/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002235002   Number of Discs: 8
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Beethoven: Piano Concertos No 3 & 4 / Bronfman
Release Date: 09/13/2005   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 640100   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Piano no 2 in B flat major, Op. 19

Browse 1-25 of 188 Available Recordings
1 2 ... 7 8
  • 1.
    Beethoven: The Piano Concertos; Triple Concerto / Kodama, Nagano
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300597 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Mari Kodama,  Kolja Blacher,  Johannes Moser
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin
    CD: $39.99
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  • 2.
    Argerich & Abbado - Complete Concerto Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002250602 Release Date: 01/20/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Maurice Ravel,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Mahler Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 3.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2
    Label: Aparte   Catalog: 98 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Louis Schwizgebel
    Conductor:  Thierry Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Decca - Vienna Philharmonic - The Orchestral Edition
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002227902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Werner Krenn,  Elly Ameling,  Werner Tripp  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Münchinger,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    On sale! $199.98
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  • 5.
    Leonard Bernstein Edition - Concertos & Orchestral Works
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 301330 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 80
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Leonard Bernstein,  Harold Gomberg,  William Heim  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Seiji Ozawa,  Maurice Peress
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  New York Philharmonic members,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 6.
    The Beethoven Journey - Piano Concertos No 1-5 / 	Leif Ove Andsnes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 305887 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Leif Ove Andsnes
    Conductor:  Leif Ove Andsnes
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mahler Chamber Orchestra
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  • 7.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Concertos
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94856 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Yefim Bronfman,  Jürgen Orelly,  Regula Konrad,  Paolo Vignoli  ... 
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    CD: $17.99
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  • 8.
    Beethoven: Complete Fortepiano Concertos / Schoonderwoerd, Ensemble Cristofori
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 820 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Arthur Schoonderwoerd
    Conductor:  Arthur Schoonderwoerd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Cristofori
    CD: $34.99
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  • 9.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Concertos / Ingrid Jacoby
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5126 Release Date: 06/24/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Ingrid Jacoby
    Conductor:  Jacek Kaspszyk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sinfonia Varsovia
    CD: $24.99
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  • 10.
    Beethoven: Klavierkonzerte 2 Und 4
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 99029 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Stefan Stroissnig
    Conductor:  Heinrich Schiff
    CD: $18.99
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  • 11.
    Karajan And His Soloists, Vol. 2 (1969-1984)
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633624 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Jules Massenet,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Alexis Weissenberg,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris
    CD: $64.49
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  • 12.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection Vol 2
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 300350 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Byron Janis,  Gary Graffman,  Vladimir Horowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Krips,  Fritz Reiner,  Pierre Monteux,  Charles Munch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Symphony of the Air,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 13.
    Beethoven: The Piano Concertos, Diabelli Variations, Bagatelles, 8 Sonatas / Kovacevich
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002028102 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $34.99
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  • 14.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Concertos / Perahia, Marriner, ASMF [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 3085294 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Murray Perahia
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 15.
    Glenn Gould Plays Beethoven
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7685272 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Glenn Gould
    Conductor:  Vladimir Golschmann,  Leonard Bernstein,  Leopold Stokowski
    CD: $22.99
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  • 16.
    William Kapell - Complete Recordings 1944-1953
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 5431362 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  William Kapell,  Jascha Heifetz,  William Primrose,  Edmund Kurtz
    Conductor:  William Steinberg,  Fritz Reiner,  Serge Koussevitzky,  Antal Doráti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Robin Hood Dell Orchestra of Philadelphia,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Dallas Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 17.
    The Beethoven Journey: Piano Concertos No 2 & 4 / Andsnes
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 370548 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Leif Ove Andsnes
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mahler Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 18.
    Europakonzert 2000 / Abbado, Berlin Philharmonic [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2050504 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Mikhail Pletnev,  Karita Mattila,  Violeta Urmana,  Thomas Moser  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $29.99
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  • 19.
    Vienna 1789 - Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven / Knauer, Norrington
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300551 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Sebastian Knauer
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    CD: $18.99
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  • 20.
    Beethoven: The Piano Concertos / Rudolf Buchbinder, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 374521 Release Date: 01/07/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    Conductor:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Beethoven - Complete Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94630 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 86
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Helena Döse,  Marga Schiml,  Peter Schreier,  Theo Adam  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  David Zinman,  Gérard Oskamp,  Carl-August Bünte  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $148.99
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  • 22.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Concertos / Glemser, Weil
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6011226 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Bernd Glemser
    Conductor:  Bruno Weil
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  • 23.
    Alfred Brendel - The Legendary Mozart & Beethoven Recordings
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94430 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Walter Klien
    Conductor:  Antonio Janigro,  Paul Angerer,  Willfried Boettcher,  Heinz Wallberg  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Solisti di Zagreb,  Vienna Volksoper Orchestra,  Vienna Pro Musica Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $58.99
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  • 24.
    Leon Fleisher - The Complete Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 545997 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  César Franck,  Frederick Delius  ... 
    Performer:  Leon Fleisher,  Jules Eskin,  Benita Valente,  Harold Wright  ... 
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Seiji Ozawa,  Leon Fleisher,  Szymon Goldberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Juilliard String Quartet,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 25.
    The Complete Beethoven: Symphonies; Concertos; Overtures [12-CD Set]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501204 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Stefan Vladar,  Claire Rutter,  Matilde Wallevik,  Marta Fontanals-Simmons  ... 
    Conductor:  Béla Drahos,  Barry Wordsworth,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Kenneth Jean
    CD: $98.99
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1 2 ... 7 8

Ludwig van Beethoven


WORKS
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 2. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 4. Finale (Allegro molto)
1. Allegro con brio
2. Andante con moto
3. Allegro
4. Allegro
I. Awakening of Cheerful Feelings Upon Arrival in the Country: Allegro ma non troppo
II. Scene by the Brook: Andante molto mosso
III. Merry Gathering of Country Folk: Allegro
IV. Thunderstorm: Allegro
V. Shepherd's Song: Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm: Allegretto
1. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
2. Allegretto
3. Presto - Assai meno presto
4. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 1. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 2. Molto vivace
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 3. Adagio molto e cantabile
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 4. Presto
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" / 4. - Presto - "O Freunde, nicht diese Töne!" - Allegro assai
Concerto No. 3 in C minor for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 37: I. Allegro con brio
II. Largo
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Rondo. Molto allegro
Concerto No. 5 in E-flat Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 73 "Emperor": I. Allegro
II. Adagio un poco moto
III. Rondo. Allegro
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: First movement: Allegro ma non troppo (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Second movement: Larghetto
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Third movement: Rondo (Allegro) (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 1. Adagio sostenuto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 3. Presto agitato
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 1. Allegro assai
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 3. Allegro ma non troppo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 1. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 2. Adagio cantabile
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 3. Rondo (Allegro)
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei