Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Bach, Beethoven: Live Performances 1948 & 1968 / Sviatoslav Richter
Release Date: 07/10/2015   Label: Doremi Records  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Works For Violin And Orchestra / Nishizaki
Release Date: 06/30/1992   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550149   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Violin Sonatas Op 12 No 1-3 / Nishizaki, Jandó
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550284   Number of Discs: 1
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Glass Harmonica - Beethoven, Mozart, Donizetti, Apell, Et Al
Release Date: 11/20/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555295   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Violin Sonatas Op.30 Nos. 1-3
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550286   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Für Elise

Browse 251-258 of 258 Available Recordings
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  • 251.
    Van Cliburn Collection - The World's Favorite Piano Music
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60973 Release Date: 07/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
    CD: $9.99
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  • 252.
    Beethoven - Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60831 Release Date: 09/06/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Matti Salminen,  Marilyn Horne,  Jon Vickers,  Margaret Price  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  Zubin Mehta,  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops,  New York Philharmonic,  New York Choral Artists  ... 
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  • 253.
    The Best Of Beethoven
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8551101 Release Date: 03/24/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Stefan Vladar,  Takako Nishizaki,  Jénö Jandó
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Barry Wordsworth,  Kenneth Jean,  Michael Halász  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Capella Istropolitana,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 254.
    Beethoven Or Bust / Don Dorsey
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80153 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Don Dorsey,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Don Dorsey
    CD: $16.99
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  • 255.
    Beethoven: Für Elise, Eroica-Variationen, etc / Brendel
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 412227 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
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  • 256.
    Greatest Hits Of 1790 / Kapp, Philharmonia Virtuosi
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 37216 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Edward Carroll,  Hubert Laws,  Chick Corea
    Conductor:  Richard Kapp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Virtuosi
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 257.
    Concerto / Richard Clayderman
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 44739 Release Date: 05/26/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Erik Satie,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Clayderman
    Conductor:  Roger Berthier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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Ludwig van Beethoven


WORKS
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 2. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 4. Finale (Allegro molto)
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 3. Allegro
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 4. Allegro
I. Awakening of Cheerful Feelings Upon Arrival in the Country: Allegro ma non troppo
II. Scene by the Brook: Andante molto mosso
III. Merry Gathering of Country Folk: Allegro
IV. Thunderstorm: Allegro
V. Shepherd's Song: Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm: Allegretto
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 1. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 3. Presto - Assai meno presto
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 4. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 1. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 2. Molto vivace
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 3. Adagio molto e cantabile
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 4. Presto
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" / 4. - Presto - "O Freunde, nicht diese Töne!" - Allegro assai
Concerto No. 3 in C minor for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 37: I. Allegro con brio
II. Largo
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Rondo. Molto allegro
Concerto No. 5 in E-flat Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 73 "Emperor": I. Allegro
II. Adagio un poco moto
III. Rondo. Allegro
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: First movement: Allegro ma non troppo (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Second movement: Larghetto
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Third movement: Rondo (Allegro) (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 1. Adagio sostenuto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 3. Presto agitato
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 1. Allegro assai
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 3. Allegro ma non troppo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 1. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 2. Adagio cantabile
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 3. Rondo (Allegro)
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei