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Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Bavouzet
Release Date: 11/03/2017   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: CHAN 10960(9)   Number of Discs: 9
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Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos. 1-5 / Szell, Gilels, Cleveland Orchestra
Release Date: 02/10/2017   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 559442   Number of Discs: 3
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Beethoven: Symphonies 1-9 / Weil, Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra
Release Date: 09/22/2017   Label: Tafelmusik Media  
Catalog: 1034   Number of Discs: 6
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Beethoven: Symphonies Nos. 6, 7 & 8 / Kubelik
Release Date: 11/03/2017   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186250   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Vol 3 / Bavouzet
Release Date: 11/18/2016   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10925   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Moonlight Sonata

Browse 1-25 of 257 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Beethoven: The Complete Wartime Piano Sonata Recordings / Kempff
    Label: Apr   Catalog: 7403 Release Date: 11/17/2017   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff
    On sale! $34.99
    CD: $28.49
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  • 2.
    Decca Sound: The Piano Edition
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4832243 Release Date: 11/17/2017   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Julius Katchen,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  André Previn  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly,  Ataulfo Argenta,  Bernard Haitink,  André Previn  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
    CD: $165.99
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  • 3.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Bavouzet
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: CHAN 10960(9) Release Date: 11/03/2017   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
    On sale! $75.99
    CD: $52.99
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  • 4.
    The Paul Badura-Skoda Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4798065 Release Date: 10/20/2017   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Badura-Skoda,  Antonio Janigro,  Jean Fournier,  Otto Ruhm  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Felix Prohaska,  Milan Horvat  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  London Promenade Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $100.99
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  • 5.
    Beethoven (Live) / Kissin [Vinyl]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B002733801 Release Date: 10/06/2017   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Evgeny Kissin
    LP: $44.49
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  • 6.
    Beethoven - Complete Edition 2017
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95510 Release Date: 10/01/2017   Number of Discs: 85
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Helena Döse,  Marga Schiml,  Peter Schreier,  Theo Adam  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  David Zinman,  Gérard Oskamp,  Carl-August Bünte  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra  ... 
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    CD: $145.99
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  • 7.
    Beethoven: The Complete Sonatas / Goode
    Label: Nonesuch   Catalog: 561659 Release Date: 09/29/2017   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Richard Goode
    CD: $38.99
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  • 8.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas / Kissin
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002712902 Release Date: 09/08/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Evgeny Kissin
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    CD: $22.49
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  • 9.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas / Kempff [Vinyl]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797724 Release Date: 09/01/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff
    LP: $32.99
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  • 10.
    re:works - Piano
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002710502 Release Date: 09/01/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Claude Debussy,  Johann Pachelbel,  Yiruma  ... 
    Performer:  Cagedbaby,  Anders Bruk,  Lixo,  Vito Gatto  ... 
    CD: $18.99
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  • 11.
    re:works - Piano [Vinyl]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: B002710601 Release Date: 09/01/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Claude Debussy,  Johann Pachelbel,  Yiruma  ... 
    Performer:  Anders Bruk,  Cagedbaby,  Lixo,  Vito Gatto  ... 
    LP: $37.49
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  • 12.
    Daniel Barenboim: The Solo Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797371 Release Date: 08/25/2017   Number of Discs: 39
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Alban Berg,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Antony Pay
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble InterContemporain
    CD: $138.99
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  • 13.
    Rudolf Serkin: The Complete Columbia Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88985404062 Release Date: 08/25/2017   Number of Discs: 75
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin,  Adolf Busch,  Hermann Busch,  Pablo Casals  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Bruno Walter,  Eugene Ormandy,  Pablo Casals  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Busch String Quartet  ... 
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  • 14.
    A Bouquet of Beethoven / Rangell
    Label: Steinway & Sons   Catalog: 30080 Release Date: 08/18/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Andrew Rangell
    CD: $24.99
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  • 15.
    Beethoven: The Complete Piano Sonatas & Bagatelles / Kovacevich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 563129 Release Date: 08/18/2017   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich
    CD: $22.99
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  • 16.
    Naxos: The Anniversary Collection
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8503293 Release Date: 04/14/2017   Number of Discs: 30
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Bettina Eger,  Ute Hartwich,  Martin Kevenhörster,  Hans-Martin Kothe  ... 
    Conductor:  Helmut Müller-Brühl,  Georg Tintner,  Robert Stankovsky,  Leonard Slatkin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Chamber Orchestra,  Royal Scottish National Orchestra,  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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    On sale! $59.99
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  • 17.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas / Kim
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 30409 Release Date: 03/17/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Sun-Wook Kim
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  • 18.
    Beethoven: The Piano Sonatas / Schiff
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 002587102 Release Date: 12/16/2016   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  András Schiff
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    CD: $114.49
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  • 19.
    Beethoven Barenboim
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 558505 Release Date: 12/02/2016   Number of Discs: 35
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Jacqueline Du Pré,  Itzhak Perlman  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Chorus  ... 
    CD: $77.49
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  • 20.
    Maurizio Pollini: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002578510 Release Date: 11/18/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Arnold Schoenberg  ... 
    Performer:  Maurizio Pollini,  Andreas Esders,  Gabriele Lechner,  Gretchen Eder  ... 
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung  ... 
    CD: $254.49
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  • 21.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Buchbinder
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 734708 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    DVD: $74.49
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  • 22.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Buchbinder [Blu-ray]
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 734804 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    Blu-ray Video: $74.49
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  • 23.
    Beethoven: The Young Innovator - 3 Piano Sonatas / Coop
    Label: Skylark Digital   Catalog: 1601 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jane Coop
    CD: $17.99
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  • 24.
    Evgeny Kissin: The Complete RCA & Sony Classical Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 5033827 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Evgeny Kissin,  Mikhail Milman,  Boris Garlitsky,  Vladimir Spivakov  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Vladimir Spivakov,  Seiji Ozawa,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Virtuosi Chamber Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale!
    CD: $80.99
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  • 25.
    Beethoven: 6 Sonatas, Fur Elise & Emperor Concerto / Schnabel
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 3201 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Artur Schnabel
    Conductor:  Frederick Stock
    CD: $13.99
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