Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Creatures of Prometheus / Mackerras, Scottish CO
Release Date: 05/10/2005   Label: Helios  
Catalog: 55196   Number of Discs: 1
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Helene Grimaud Piano Recital - Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Rachimaninov
Release Date: 10/29/2013   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4891   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Op. 22, Op. 31 No. 3, Op. 101 / Angela Hewitt
Release Date: 12/10/2013   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 67974   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Complete Works for Cello & Piano / Steven Isserlis, Robert Levin
Release Date: 01/14/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 67981   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Trio; Brahms: Trio; Weber: Grand Duo
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807618   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 3 "Eroica"

Browse 251-275 of 315 Available Recordings
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  • 251.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1-9, Overtures / Norrington, London
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 61943 Release Date: 11/06/2001   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Petteri Salomaa,  Sarah Walker,  Yvonne Kenny,  Patrick Power
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Classical Players,  London Heinrich Schütz Choir
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  • 252.
    Westminster - Beethoven: Symphonies No 3 & 6 / Scherchen
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471241 Release Date: 09/18/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra
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  • 253.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Coriolan Overture / Halász, Gunzenhauser, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 151014 Release Date: 08/31/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Stephen Gunzenhauser
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 254.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3; Haydn: Symphony No 101 /Horenstein
    Label: Vox Box Legends   Catalog: 7807 Release Date: 07/10/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Pro Musica Orchestra,  Sw German Radio Symphony Orchestra Baden Baden
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  • 255.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, 5, 7 /Solti, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 467679 Release Date: 04/10/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 256.
    Beethoven: Symphonies Nos 1 & 3
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4681052 Release Date: 04/02/2001  
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 257.
    The Immortal Arturo Toscanini - Beethoven
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 66656 Release Date: 02/20/2001   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Nan Merriman,  Eugene Conley,  Lois Marshall,  Jerome Hines  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Robert Shaw Chorale,  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 258.
    Herman Abendroth - Unissued Broadcast 1939-1950 / Abendroth
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1065 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Josef Greindl,  Lotte Wolf-Matthäus,  Lea Piltti,  Heinz Matthei  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Abendroth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Chorus,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Grosses Orchester des Reichssenders Breslau  ... 
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  • 259.
    Oswald Kabasta - 1943/44 Broadcasts
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1072 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Oswald Kabasta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 260.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 1 & 3 / Furtwangler, Vienna PO
    Label: Emi Classics Références   Catalog: 67490 Release Date: 01/09/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 261.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1-9 / Furtwängler, Hopf, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Références   Catalog: 67496 Release Date: 01/09/2001   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Hans Hopf,  Otto Edelmann
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 262.
    Beethoven: Die Symphonien / Claudio Abbado, Berlin Po, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469000 Release Date: 11/21/2000   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Violeta Urmana,  Thomas Moser,  Thomas Quasthoff,  Karita Mattila
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Radio Chorus,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Eric Ericson Chamber Choir
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  • 263.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 3 & 5 / E. Kleiber, Concertgebouw
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 467125 Release Date: 11/14/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 264.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1 & 3, Etc / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469109 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 265.
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4780 Release Date: 08/22/2000   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Max Bruch,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Guila Bustabo,  Gaspar Cassadó,  Herman Krebbers,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 266.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1 - 9 / Edlinger, Zagreb Po
    Label: Lydian   Catalog: 18501 Release Date: 05/24/2000   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Gabriele Lechner,  Michael Pabst,  Eliane Elias,  Robert Holzer
    Conductor:  Richard Edlinger,  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zagreb Philharmonic,  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 267.
    Furtwängler Conducts Beethoven
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4049 Release Date: 10/19/1999   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Tilla Briem,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Peter Anders,  Rudolf Watzke
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bruno Kittel Choir,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 268.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1, 2, 3 & 8 / Sawallisch, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 73323 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 269.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Etc / Muti, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73424 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 270.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies / Zinman, Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 65410 Release Date: 04/27/1999   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Birgit Remmert,  Detlef Roth,  Steve Davislim,  Ruth Ziesak
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Swiss Chamber Chorus
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  • 271.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3 / How A Great Symphony Was Written / Bernstein, New York
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 60692 Release Date: 02/16/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 272.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Egmont Overture / Abbado, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445603 Release Date: 01/08/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 273.
    Beethoven: Complete Symphonies/ Muti, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 72923 Release Date: 11/03/1998   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Cheryl Studer,  James Morris,  Delores Ziegler,  Peter Seiffert
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Westminster Choir
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  • 274.
    Wilhelm Furtwängler At The Lucerne Festival 1947-53
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1018 Release Date: 04/21/1998   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Adrian Aeschbacher
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra
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  • 275.
    Complete Beethoven Edition Vol 1 - Symphonies  / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453701 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Hilde Rössl-Majdan,  Waldemar Kmentt,  Walter Berry
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Singverein,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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