Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Complete Symphonies / Blomstedt, Gewandhausorchester Leipzig
Release Date: 07/07/2017   Label: Accentus  
Catalog: 80322   Number of Discs: 5
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Beethoven, Schumann, Strauss & Vivaldi: Horn Music / Damm
Release Date: 04/28/2017   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 0300930   Number of Discs: 6
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Beethoven: The Piano Trios / TrioVanBeethoven
Release Date: 04/28/2017   Label: Gramola  
Catalog: 99134   Number of Discs: 4
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Beethoven: Piano Sonatas / Kissin
Release Date: 09/08/2017   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002712902   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Triple Concerto & Piano Concerto No. 3 / Vogt, Tetzlaff, Royal Northern Sinfonia
Release Date: 10/13/2017   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1297   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 3 "Eroica"

Browse 251-275 of 280 Available Recordings
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  • 251.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, 5, 7 /Solti, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 467679 Release Date: 04/10/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 252.
    Herman Abendroth - Unissued Broadcast 1939-1950 / Abendroth
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1065 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Josef Greindl,  Lotte Wolf-Matthäus,  Lea Piltti,  Heinz Matthei  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Abendroth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Chorus,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Grosses Orchester des Reichssenders Breslau  ... 
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  • 253.
    Oswald Kabasta - 1943/44 Broadcasts
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1072 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Oswald Kabasta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 254.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1-9 / Furtwängler, Hopf, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Références   Catalog: 67496 Release Date: 01/09/2001   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Hans Hopf,  Otto Edelmann
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 255.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1 - 9 / Edlinger, Zagreb Po
    Label: Lydian   Catalog: 18501 Release Date: 05/24/2000   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Gabriele Lechner,  Michael Pabst,  Eliane Elias,  Robert Holzer
    Conductor:  Richard Edlinger,  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zagreb Philharmonic,  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 256.
    Furtwängler Conducts Beethoven
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4049 Release Date: 10/19/1999   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Tilla Briem,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Peter Anders,  Rudolf Watzke
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bruno Kittel Choir,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 257.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Etc / Muti, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73424 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 258.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies / Zinman, Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 65410 Release Date: 04/27/1999   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Birgit Remmert,  Detlef Roth,  Steve Davislim,  Ruth Ziesak
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Swiss Chamber Chorus
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  • 259.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Egmont Overture / Abbado, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445603 Release Date: 01/08/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 260.
    Klemperer Legacy - Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Grosse Fuge
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 66793 Release Date: 11/03/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 261.
    Beethoven: The Symphonies /Hogwood, Academy Of Ancient Music
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 452551 Release Date: 06/24/1997   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Arleen Augér,  Catherine Robbin,  Gregory Reinhart,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Chorus,  Academy of Ancient Music
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  • 262.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 3 & 8 / Drahos, Esterházy Sinfonia
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553475 Release Date: 07/09/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Béla Drahos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nicolaus Esterházy Sinfonia
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  • 263.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1 & 3 / Peter Maag, Padova E Veneto
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47246 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Padua and Veneto Orchestra
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  • 264.
    Famous Symphonies - Beethoven, Brahms, Schubert, Tchaikovsky
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8504012 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Richard Edlinger,  Antoni Wit,  Alexander Rahbari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra,  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra Katowice,  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 265.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies - Vienna 1960 / Klemperer
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 886 Release Date: 03/19/1996   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 266.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Etc / Klemperer, Vienna Symphony
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 233901 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 267.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Etc / Peter Tiboris
    Label: Elysium   Catalog: 702 Release Date: 04/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Peter Tiboris
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bohuslav Martinu Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 268.
    Beethoven: Eroica
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 4007 Release Date: 02/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
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  • 269.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 3 & 5 / John Eliot Gardiner
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 445944 Release Date: 01/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique
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  • 270.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 3 & 8 / Rahbari, Brt Philharmonic
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 550407 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 271.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Overtures / Alexander Titov
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57219 Release Date: 02/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Alexander Titov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmony Orchestra,  St. Petersburg Conservatory Orchestra
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  • 272.
    Bruno Walter - Beethoven: Eroica - Carnegie Hall, 1957
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1010 Release Date: 11/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Symphony of the Air
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  • 273.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: 9 Symphonien, Ouvertüren
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439200 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa,  Vinson Cole,  Janet Perry,  José van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
    CD: $108.99
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  • 274.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: Symphonie No 3, Etc / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439002 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 275.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 1-9 / Roy Goodman, Hanover Band, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5144 Release Date: 12/02/1992   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jean Bailey,  Andrew Murgatroyd,  Michael George,  Eiddwen Harrhy
    Conductor:  Monica Huggett,  Roy Goodman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hanover Band,  Oslo Cathedral Choir
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