Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Cantata On The Death Of Emperor Joseph Ii, Cantata On The Accession Of Emperor Leopold II
Release Date: 08/12/2014   Label: Helios  
Catalog: 55479   Number of Discs: 1
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The Beethoven Journey - Piano Concertos No 1-5 / 	Leif Ove Andsnes
Release Date: 10/27/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 305887   Number of Discs: 3
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Alessio Bax Plays Beethoven
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Signum U.k.  
Catalog: 397   Number of Discs: 1
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Helene Grimaud Piano Recital - Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Rachimaninov
Release Date: 10/29/2013   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4891   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Complete Works for Cello & Piano / Steven Isserlis, Robert Levin
Release Date: 01/14/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 67981   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Symphony no 7

Browse 301-325 of 330 Available Recordings
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  • 301.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies - Vienna 1960 / Klemperer
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 886 Release Date: 03/19/1996   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 302.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 5 & 7 / Kleiber, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447400 Release Date: 01/23/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 303.
    Beethoven: Symphonies Nos 7 & 8 / Furtwängler, Vienna
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 293921 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 304.
    Hindemith: Symphonie Mathis Der Maler;  Beethoven / Karajan
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 232901 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Paul Hindemith
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 305.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 6, 7 & 8, Etc / Böhm, Vienna Po
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 437928 Release Date: 07/18/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 306.
    Beethoven: Symphonies Nos. 7 & 8
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 4055 Release Date: 02/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Anton Nanut
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  • 307.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies / John Eliot Gardiner
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 439900 Release Date: 09/20/1994   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Luba Orgonasova,  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson,  Gilles Cachemaille
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique,  Monteverdi Choir
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  • 308.
    Beethoven: The Symphonies / Haitink, Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 442073 Release Date: 02/25/1994   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Carolyn Watkinson,  Peter Schreier,  Robert Holl
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Netherlands Radio Chorus
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  • 309.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 7;  Mendelssohn, Delius / Beecham
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 281 Release Date: 11/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Frederick Delius
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 310.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: 9 Symphonien, Ouvertüren
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439200 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa,  Vinson Cole,  Janet Perry,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 311.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: Symphonien Nos 4 & 7 / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439003 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 312.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 1-9 / Roy Goodman, Hanover Band, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5144 Release Date: 12/02/1992   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jean Bailey,  Andrew Murgatroyd,  Michael George,  Eiddwen Harrhy
    Conductor:  Monica Huggett,  Roy Goodman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hanover Band,  Oslo Cathedral Choir
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  • 313.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 1 & 7 / Giulini, La Scala PO
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 48236 Release Date: 10/06/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Scala Philharmonic
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  • 314.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 4 & 7 / Leibowitz, Royal Philharmonic
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 81 Release Date: 09/05/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  René Leibowitz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra
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  • 315.
    Bernstein - The Final Concert / Boston Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431768 Release Date: 08/18/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 316.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 4 & 7 / Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 48158 Release Date: 06/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 317.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 7 & 8 / Keilberth
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 268921 Release Date: 04/03/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 318.
    Beethoven: The Symphonies / Sir Georg Solti, Chicago So
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430792 Release Date: 02/11/1992   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Yvonne Minton,  Stuart Burrows,  Martti Talvela,  Pilar Lorengar
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Chorus,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 319.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 1-9 / Harnoncourt, CO Of Europe
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 46452 Release Date: 10/11/1991   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Charlotte Margiono,  Birgit Remmert,  Rudolf Schasching,  Robert Holl  ... 
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Chamber Orchestra of Europe
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  • 320.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies, Overtures / Bernstein, Vienna PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423481 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Kurt Moll,  René Kollo,  Hanna Schwarz
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Concert Choir,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 321.
    Beethoven: Symphonies (Complete)
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 427306 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Marjana Lipovsek,  Hermann Prey
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 322.
    Beethoven: Symphonies Nos 7 & 8 / Abbado, Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423364 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 323.
    Beethoven: The Nine Symphonies / Solti, Chicago So
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430400 Release Date: 09/11/1990   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Reinhild Runkel,  Robert Schunk,  Hans Sotin
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 324.
    Karajan Collection - Beethoven: 9 Symphonien / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 429089 Release Date: 07/03/1990   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Anna Tomowa-Sintow,  Agnes Baltsa,  Peter Schreier,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 325.
    Marlboro Fest 40th Anniversary- Beethoven: Symphonies 7 & 8
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45893 Release Date: 05/03/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Pablo Casals
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Marlboro Festival Orchestra
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