Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.

Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less

Beethoven / Alice Sara Ott
Release Date: 10/04/2011   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001594502   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Prometheus / Petrou, Armonia Atenea
Release Date: 07/29/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002099302   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 3; Mozart: Piano Concerto No 24 / Sudbin, Vanska
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1978   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: The Late Piano Sonatas / Igor Levit
Release Date: 11/05/2013   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 370387   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Donath, Soffel, Jerusalem, Sotin, Solti
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Lpo  
Catalog: 77   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 7

Browse 301-325 of 340 Available Recordings
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  • 301.
    Take 2 - Beethoven: Symphonies 5-8 / Ormandy, Philadelphia
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 63266 Release Date: 09/02/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 302.
    Beethoven: The Symphonies /Hogwood, Academy Of Ancient Music
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 452551 Release Date: 06/24/1997   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Arleen Augér,  Catherine Robbin,  Gregory Reinhart,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Chorus,  Academy of Ancient Music
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  • 303.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 4 & 7 / Drahos, Esterházy Sinfonia
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553477 Release Date: 05/13/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Béla Drahos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nicolaus Esterházy Sinfonia
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  • 304.
    The Originals Beethoven Box - Legendary Recordings
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457097 Release Date: 05/13/1997   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff,  Gundula Janowitz,  Walter Berry,  Waldemar Kmentt  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Ferdinand Leitner,  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 305.
    Cantelli - Artist Profile - Beethoven, Frank, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68217 Release Date: 03/30/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  César Franck
    Conductor:  Guido Cantelli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 306.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 5 & 7 / Thielemann, Philharmonia
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449981 Release Date: 03/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 307.
    Beethoven: The Nine Symphonies / Peter Maag
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47370 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Amanda Halmgrinson,  Ruthild Engert,  Zeger Vandersteene,  Friedemann Kunder
    Conductor:  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Athestis Chorus,  Padua and Veneto Orchestra
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  • 308.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 7 & 8 / Peter Maag, Padova E Veneto
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47245 Release Date: 08/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Padua and Veneto Orchestra
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  • 309.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 7, Etc / Donohoe, Netherlands Wind En
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9470 Release Date: 07/23/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Noëlle Probst,  Ronald Karten,  Paul Van Zelm,  Dick Verhoef  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Wind Ensemble
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  • 310.
    Beethoven: Complete Symphonies Vol 2 / Masur, Gewandhaus
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 454035 Release Date: 06/11/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 311.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies - Vienna 1960 / Klemperer
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 886 Release Date: 03/19/1996   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 312.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 5 & 7 / Kleiber, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447400 Release Date: 01/23/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 313.
    Beethoven: Symphonies Nos 7 & 8 / Furtwängler, Vienna
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 293921 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 314.
    Hindemith: Symphonie Mathis Der Maler;  Beethoven / Karajan
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 232901 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Paul Hindemith
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 315.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 6, 7 & 8, Etc / Böhm, Vienna Po
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 437928 Release Date: 07/18/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 316.
    Beethoven: Symphonies Nos. 7 & 8
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 4055 Release Date: 02/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Anton Nanut
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  • 317.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies / John Eliot Gardiner
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 439900 Release Date: 09/20/1994   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Luba Orgonasova,  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson,  Gilles Cachemaille
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique,  Monteverdi Choir
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  • 318.
    Beethoven: The Symphonies / Haitink, Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 442073 Release Date: 02/25/1994   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Carolyn Watkinson,  Peter Schreier,  Robert Holl
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Netherlands Radio Chorus
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  • 319.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 7;  Mendelssohn, Delius / Beecham
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 281 Release Date: 11/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Frederick Delius
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 320.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: 9 Symphonien, Ouvertüren
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439200 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa,  Vinson Cole,  Janet Perry,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 321.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: Symphonien Nos 4 & 7 / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439003 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 322.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 1-9 / Roy Goodman, Hanover Band, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5144 Release Date: 12/02/1992   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jean Bailey,  Andrew Murgatroyd,  Michael George,  Eiddwen Harrhy
    Conductor:  Monica Huggett,  Roy Goodman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hanover Band,  Oslo Cathedral Choir
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  • 323.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 1 & 7 / Giulini, La Scala PO
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 48236 Release Date: 10/06/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Scala Philharmonic
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  • 324.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 4 & 7 / Leibowitz, Royal Philharmonic
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 81 Release Date: 09/05/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  René Leibowitz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra
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  • 325.
    Bernstein - The Final Concert / Boston Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431768 Release Date: 08/18/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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