Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Symphonies No 7 & 9 / Klemperer, Ansermet
Release Date: 02/01/2005   Label: Emi Classics  
Catalog: 99934   Number of Discs: 1
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Stokowski - Beethoven: Symphony No. 5; Schubert: Symphony No. 8
Release Date: 05/06/2003   Label: Emi Classics  
Catalog: 92843   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 4; Falla, Et Al / Aldo Ciccolini
Release Date: 01/24/2006   Label: Emi Classics  
Catalog: 10193   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Symphony No. 9
Release Date: 04/09/2013   Label: San Francisco Symphony  
Catalog: 55   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 3; Mozart: Piano Concerto No 24 / Sudbin, Vanska
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1978   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 7

Browse 251-275 of 329 Available Recordings
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  • 251.
    The Art Of Karl Böhm
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4233 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Jon Vickers
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Symphony Orchestra,  C. B. C. Orchestra
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  • 252.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1 & 7 / Gunter Wand, Gurzenich
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1284 Release Date: 03/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Günter Wand
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra
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  • 253.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 7 & 8 / Van Remoortel, London So
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 1209 Release Date: 02/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Edouard Van Remoortel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 254.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Carlo Maria Giulini
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75462 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Igor Stravinsky,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 255.
    Original Masters - Eugen Jochum - Beethoven: The 9 Symphonies
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474018 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 256.
    Original Masters - Wilhelm Furtwängler - Live Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474030 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Maurice Ravel,  César Franck,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 257.
    Wilhelm Furtwängler - Recordings 1942-44 Vol 1
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471289 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Franz Schubert,  George Frideric Handel,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Erich Röhn
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 258.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 5 & 7 / Klemperer, Philharmonia
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67852 Release Date: 09/17/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 259.
    Beethoven, Mozart: Symphonies / Knappertsbusch, Et Al
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 4202 Release Date: 05/21/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 260.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 7 & 8 / Abbado, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471490 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 261.
    Beethoven: Symphony No.7/Haydn: Symphony No.104
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 470256 Release Date: 12/17/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 262.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1-9, Overtures / Norrington, London
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 61943 Release Date: 11/06/2001   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Petteri Salomaa,  Sarah Walker,  Yvonne Kenny,  Patrick Power
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Classical Players,  London Heinrich Schütz Choir
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  • 263.
    Carl Schuricht - Unissued Recordings From The Archives
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1094 Release Date: 10/23/2001   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Christian Bach,  Richard Wagner,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 264.
    Beethoven: Symphonies Nos. 4 & 7
    Label: Antes Edition   Catalog: 319162 Release Date: 09/09/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
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  • 265.
    Beethoven: Complete Orchestral Works Vol 4 / Dausgaard
    Label: Simax   Catalog: 1182 Release Date: 06/26/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Henriette Bonde-Hansen
    Conductor:  Thomas Dausgaard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 266.
    Klemperer In Hamburg - Two Complete Concerts With The Ndr So
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1088 Release Date: 05/22/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Anton Bruckner,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra Hamburg
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  • 267.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, 5, 7 /Solti, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 467679 Release Date: 04/10/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 268.
    Beethoven: Symphonies Nos. 7 & 8
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 4681042 Release Date: 04/02/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
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  • 269.
    The Immortal Arturo Toscanini - Beethoven
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 66656 Release Date: 02/20/2001   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Nan Merriman,  Eugene Conley,  Lois Marshall,  Jerome Hines  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Robert Shaw Chorale,  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 270.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1-9 / Furtwängler, Hopf, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Références   Catalog: 67496 Release Date: 01/09/2001   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Hans Hopf,  Otto Edelmann
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $53.99
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  • 271.
    Beethoven: Die Symphonien / Claudio Abbado, Berlin Po, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469000 Release Date: 11/21/2000   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Violeta Urmana,  Thomas Moser,  Thomas Quasthoff,  Karita Mattila
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Radio Chorus,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Eric Ericson Chamber Choir
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  • 272.
    Beethoven/Mahler: Symphonies No 5 & 7 / Tiboris, Warsaw Po
    Label: Elysium   Catalog: 712 Release Date: 08/14/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Peter Tiboris
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 273.
    Great Performers Of The Twentieth Century - Thomas Beecham
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4403 Release Date: 07/25/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Claude Debussy,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Chorus
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  • 274.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1 - 9 / Edlinger, Zagreb Po
    Label: Lydian   Catalog: 18501 Release Date: 05/24/2000   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Gabriele Lechner,  Michael Pabst,  Eliane Elias,  Robert Holzer
    Conductor:  Richard Edlinger,  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zagreb Philharmonic,  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 275.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 7, 8 & 9 / Rafael Kubelik, Et Al
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 459463 Release Date: 12/30/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Helen Donath,  Teresa Berganza,  Wieslaw Ochman,  Thomas Stewart
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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