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Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Complete String Quartets / Tokyo SQ
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807641   Number of Discs: 8
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Beethoven: Piano Sonatas No 1-3, 5-10, 12-18, 23, 30-33 / Glenn Gould
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 541286   Number of Discs: 6
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Beethoven: Complete Symphonies / Bruggen
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002161102   Number of Discs: 7
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Beethoven: Complete Works for Cello & Piano / Queyras, Melnikov
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902183   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Trio; Brahms: Trio; Weber: Grand Duo
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807618   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Violin Concerto

Browse 201-217 of 217 Available Recordings
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  • 201.
    Beethoven: Works For Violin & Orchestra / Chase, Goodman, Hanover Band
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 1013 Release Date: 08/18/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Stephanie Chase
    Conductor:  Roy Goodman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hanover Band
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  • 202.
    The Art Of Nathan Milstein - Beethoven, Brahms, Dvorák, Etc
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64830 Release Date: 07/20/1993   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Leon Pommers,  Nathan Milstein,  Artur Balsam,  Rudolf Firkusny  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Irving,  William Steinberg,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Chamber Orchestra,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 203.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Overtures / Ferras, Karajan, BPO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437644 Release Date: 03/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Christian Ferras
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 204.
    Beethoven: Works For Violin And Orchestra / Nishizaki
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550149 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki
    Conductor:  Kenneth Jean
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 205.
    Leonard Bernstein - The Royal Edition Vol 10 - Beethoven: Violin Concerto
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47521 Release Date: 06/16/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 206.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances / Zukerman, Barenboim
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435099 Release Date: 03/10/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 207.
    Beethoven, Sibelius: Violin Concerti /Francescatti, Oistrakh
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 47659 Release Date: 01/03/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Zino Francescatti
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 208.
    The Great Violin Concertos / Yehudi Menuhin
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67310 Release Date: 07/05/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Max Bruch,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Christian Ferras
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Efrem Kurtz,  Walter Susskind,  Rudolf Kempe  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bath Festival Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 209.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto / Mutter, Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 413818 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $15.99
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  • 210.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto / Stern, Bernstein, New York Po
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37224 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    CD: $8.99
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  • 211.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances / Mintz, Sinopoli
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423064 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Shlomo Mintz
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 212.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances / Schneiderhan, Jochum
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 427197 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Wolfgang Schneiderhan
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 213.
    Great Violin Concertos / Mutter, Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415565 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Max Bruch,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 214.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances / Perlman, Barenboim
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 749567 Release Date: 04/10/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 215.
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 1013 Release Date: 09/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Stephanie Chase
    Conductor:  Roy Goodman
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  • 216.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Spring Sonata / Uto Ughi, Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 62785 Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Uto Ughi,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 217.
    Jasca Heifetz In Performance 1945-1951
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1101 Release Date: 07/30/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Jean Sibelius,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Artur Rodzinski,  George Szell,  Dimitri Mitropoulos,  Serge Koussevitzky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Centennial Symphony Orchestra
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