Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
The Beethoven Journey - Piano Concerto No. 5
Release Date: 09/16/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 305886   Number of Discs: 1
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Rudolf Serkin Plays Beethoven
Release Date: 11/06/2012   Label: Sony (Nax615)  
Catalog: 988302   Number of Discs: 11
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Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 5 / Freire, Chailly
Release Date: 09/30/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002153402   Number of Discs: 1
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Leon Fleisher Plays Beethoven & Brahms
Release Date: 08/07/2012   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 1918052   Number of Discs: 5
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Pinchas Zukerman Plays Beethoven - The Violin Sonatas
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 440142   Number of Discs: 4
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Work: Violin Concerto

Browse 201-225 of 230 Available Recordings
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  • 201.
    Isaac Stern - A Life In Music - Box I
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 67193 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Leonard Rose,  David Oistrakh,  Eugene Istomin  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Zubin Mehta,  Daniel Barenboim,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra members,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 202.
    Heifetz - Beethoven, Brahms: Concertos / Munch, Reiner
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 61742 Release Date: 05/09/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 203.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Beethoven, Mendelssohn: Concertos
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64459 Release Date: 01/24/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Joseph Szigeti
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 204.
    Beethoven: Complete Concertos Vol 2 / Kovacevich, Krebbers
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 442580 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich,  Lidia Grychtolówna,  Herman Krebbers,  Henryk Szeryng  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis,  Heinz Dressel,  Bernard Haitink,  Eliahu Inbal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Folkwang Chamber Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 205.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances / Accardo, Giulini
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 53287 Release Date: 09/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Scala Philharmonic
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  • 206.
    Beethoven, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Oistrakh, Ehrling
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1032 Release Date: 06/28/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Sixten Ehrling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stockholm Festival Orchestra
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  • 207.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto;  Schumann: Piano Concerto
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 52 Release Date: 06/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Malcolm Frager,  Erich Gruenberg
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 208.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, 2 Romances / Szeryng, Haitink
    Label: Philips Solo   Catalog: 442398 Release Date: 04/14/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 209.
    Favorite Violin Concertos / Arthur Grumiaux
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 442287 Release Date: 04/12/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Arthur Grumiaux
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Sir Colin Davis,  Jan Krenz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 210.
    Great Romantic Concertos / Itzhak Perlman
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64922 Release Date: 12/07/1993   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Niccolò Paganini,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Bernard Haitink,  Lawrence Foster,  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 211.
    The Fabled 1947 Berlin Collaboration - Menuhin, Furtwängler
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 708 Release Date: 11/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 212.
    Beethoven: Works For Violin & Orchestra / Chase, Goodman, Hanover Band
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 1013 Release Date: 08/18/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Stephanie Chase
    Conductor:  Roy Goodman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hanover Band
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  • 213.
    The Art Of Nathan Milstein - Beethoven, Brahms, Dvorák, Etc
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64830 Release Date: 07/20/1993   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Leon Pommers,  Nathan Milstein,  Artur Balsam,  Rudolf Firkusny  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Irving,  William Steinberg,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Chamber Orchestra,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 214.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Overtures / Ferras, Karajan, BPO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437644 Release Date: 03/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Christian Ferras
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 215.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances 1 & 2 / Menuhin
    Label: Emi Classics Studio Plus   Catalog: 64324 Release Date: 02/16/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 216.
    Beethoven: Works For Violin And Orchestra / Nishizaki
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550149 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki
    Conductor:  Kenneth Jean
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 217.
    Leonard Bernstein - The Royal Edition Vol 10 - Beethoven: Violin Concerto
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47521 Release Date: 06/16/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 218.
    Beethoven: Violinkonzert;  Bruch: Violinkonzert No 1 / Chung
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 54072 Release Date: 06/09/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Max Bruch
    Performer:  Kyung-Wha Chung
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 219.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances / Zukerman, Barenboim
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435099 Release Date: 03/10/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 220.
    Beethoven, Sibelius: Violin Concerti /Francescatti, Oistrakh
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 47659 Release Date: 01/03/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Zino Francescatti
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 221.
    The Great Violin Concertos / Yehudi Menuhin
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67310 Release Date: 07/05/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Max Bruch,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Christian Ferras
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Efrem Kurtz,  Walter Susskind,  Rudolf Kempe  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bath Festival Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 222.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto / Mutter, Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 413818 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 223.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto / Stern, Bernstein, New York Po
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37224 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 224.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances / Mintz, Sinopoli
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423064 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Shlomo Mintz
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 225.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances / Schneiderhan, Jochum
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 427197 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Wolfgang Schneiderhan
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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