Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Berg: Violin Concerto - Beethoven: Romance in F Major / Zukerman, Mehta, London Philharmonic
Release Date: 06/24/2016   Label: Biddulph  
Catalog: 80251   Number of Discs: 1
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Bach & Beethoven / Vengerov, Golan
Release Date: 01/29/2013   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 56   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Barenboim
Release Date: 08/28/2012   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 04421   Number of Discs: 10
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Sacred Music - Bach, Handel, Beethoven / Klemperer
Release Date: 08/20/2013   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 935402   Number of Discs: 8
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Beethoven, Grieg, Liszt & Preiss: Piano Works / Preiss
Release Date: 06/24/2016   Label: Tyxart  
Catalog: 16071   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Coriolan Overture

Browse 126-142 of 142 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    25 Beethoven Favorites
    Label: Vox Cameo Classics   Catalog: 8815 Release Date: 08/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Walter Klien,  George Berry,  George Silfies  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Lizzio,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Michael Gielen,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Chorus,  London Festival Orchestra,  Minnesota Orchestra  ... 
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  • 127.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies - Vienna 1960 / Klemperer
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 886 Release Date: 03/19/1996   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 128.
    Beethoven: Symphonie No 9, Etc / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447401 Release Date: 01/23/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Hilde Rössl-Majdan,  Waldemar Kmentt,  Walter Berry
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 129.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Etc / Klemperer, Vienna Symphony
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 233901 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 130.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Beethoven: Symphonies Nos 1 & 2, Etc
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64460 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 131.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Etc / Peter Tiboris
    Label: Elysium   Catalog: 702 Release Date: 04/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Peter Tiboris
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bohuslav Martinu Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 132.
    Otto Klemperer Conducts Beethoven, Wagner, Ravel, Debussy
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1042 Release Date: 10/24/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Kurt Weill,  Jacques Offenbach,  Daniel-François Auber,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 133.
    Beethoven: Overtures And Incidental Music / Skrowaczewski
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5099 Release Date: 05/02/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Phyllis Bryn-Julson
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra,  Bach Society of Minnesota
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  • 134.
    Beethoven: Complete Overtures, Etc / Masur, Marriner
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438706 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 135.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 5, Overtures / Titov
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57220 Release Date: 02/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Alexander Titov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmony Orchestra
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  • 136.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: Symphonie No 8, Etc / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439005 Release Date: 11/09/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 137.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: 9 Symphonien, Ouvertüren
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439200 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa,  Vinson Cole,  Janet Perry,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
    CD: $108.99
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  • 138.
    Beethoven: Overtures / Gunzenhauser, Slovak Philharmonic
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550072 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 139.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 7 & 8 / Keilberth
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 268921 Release Date: 04/03/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 140.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 6, Etc / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 415833 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 141.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto / Karajan, Mutter, Zeltser, Ma
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415276 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Mark Zeltser,  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 142.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Coriolan Overture / Abbado
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419597 Release Date: 01/05/1987   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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