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Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Complete String Quartets / Tokyo SQ
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807641   Number of Discs: 8
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Beethoven: Piano Sonatas No 1-3, 5-10, 12-18, 23, 30-33 / Glenn Gould
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 541286   Number of Discs: 6
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Beethoven: Complete Works for Cello & Piano / Queyras, Melnikov
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902183   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Piano Trios Op 70 No 2,
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902125   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Trio; Brahms: Trio; Weber: Grand Duo
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807618   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Coriolan Overture

Browse 126-150 of 160 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Beethoven: Complete Orchestral Works Vol 2 / Dausgaard
    Label: Simax   Catalog: 1180 Release Date: 08/24/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Thomas Dausgaard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 127.
    The Perfect Beethoven
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67317 Release Date: 03/14/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Emil Gilels,  Robert Holl,  Stuart Burrows,  Julia Hamari  ... 
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Eugen Jochum,  Kurt Sanderling,  Paul Strauss  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 128.
    Beethoven: Overtures / Harding, Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie
    Label: Virgin Classics Special Import   Catalog: 45364 Release Date: 11/02/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Chamber Philharmonic Bremen
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  • 129.
    Furtwängler Conducts Beethoven
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4049 Release Date: 10/19/1999   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Tilla Briem,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Peter Anders,  Rudolf Watzke
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bruno Kittel Choir,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 130.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 5 And 7, Etc / Reiner, Chicago So
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 68976 Release Date: 01/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 131.
    Complete Beethoven Edition Vol 3 - Music For The Stage
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453713 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Susan Gritton,  Gerald Finley,  David Kuebler,  Robin Leggate  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Neeme Järvi,  Erich Keller,  Myung-Whun Chung  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Singers,  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 132.
    Beethoven: Overtures / Szell, Lane, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 63062 Release Date: 07/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Louis Lane,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 133.
    Beethoven: The Symphonies /Hogwood, Academy Of Ancient Music
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 452551 Release Date: 06/24/1997   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Arleen Augér,  Catherine Robbin,  Gregory Reinhart,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Chorus,  Academy of Ancient Music
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  • 134.
    The Originals Beethoven Box - Legendary Recordings
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457097 Release Date: 05/13/1997   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff,  Gundula Janowitz,  Walter Berry,  Waldemar Kmentt  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Ferdinand Leitner,  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 135.
    25 Beethoven Favorites
    Label: Vox Cameo Classics   Catalog: 8815 Release Date: 08/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Walter Klien,  George Berry,  George Silfies  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Lizzio,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Michael Gielen,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Chorus,  London Festival Orchestra,  Minnesota Orchestra  ... 
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  • 136.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies - Vienna 1960 / Klemperer
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 886 Release Date: 03/19/1996   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 137.
    Beethoven: Symphonie No 9, Etc / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447401 Release Date: 01/23/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Hilde Rössl-Majdan,  Waldemar Kmentt,  Walter Berry
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 138.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Etc / Klemperer, Vienna Symphony
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 233901 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 139.
    Brahms: Symphonies, Etc / Wilhelm Furtwangler
    Label: Emi Classics Références   Catalog: 65513 Release Date: 09/19/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 140.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Beethoven: Symphonies Nos 1 & 2, Etc
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64460 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 141.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Etc / Peter Tiboris
    Label: Elysium   Catalog: 702 Release Date: 04/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Peter Tiboris
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bohuslav Martinu Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 142.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 3 & 9, Etc / Böhm, Vienna Po
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 437368 Release Date: 04/11/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Tatiana Troyanos,  Karl Ridderbusch,  Jess Thomas,  Dame Gwyneth Jones
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Opera Chorus
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  • 143.
    Otto Klemperer Conducts Beethoven, Wagner, Ravel, Debussy
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1042 Release Date: 10/24/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Kurt Weill,  Jacques Offenbach,  Daniel-François Auber,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 144.
    Brahms: Symphonie No 1;  Beethoven / Bernstein, Vienna Po
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445505 Release Date: 08/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 145.
    Beethoven: Overtures And Incidental Music / Skrowaczewski
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5099 Release Date: 05/02/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Phyllis Bryn-Julson
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra,  Bach Society of Minnesota
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  • 146.
    101 Great Orchestral Classics Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 551141 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Edvard Grieg,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki,  István Székely
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari,  Anthony Bramall,  Zdenek Kosler,  Daniel Nazareth  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Capella Istropolitana  ... 
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  • 147.
    Beethoven: Complete Overtures, Etc / Masur, Marriner
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438706 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 148.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 5, Overtures / Titov
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57220 Release Date: 02/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Alexander Titov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmony Orchestra
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  • 149.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: Symphonie No 8, Etc / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439005 Release Date: 11/09/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 150.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: 9 Symphonien, Ouvertüren
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439200 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa,  Vinson Cole,  Janet Perry,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
    CD: $108.49
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