Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Maurizio Pollini
Release Date: 02/24/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002235002   Number of Discs: 8
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Beethoven: Symphonies 1, 3, 6 & 8 / Monteux, Vienna PO
Release Date: 10/11/1994   Label: London/Decca Double Decker  
Catalog: 440627   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Diabelli Variations; Sonata
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 6276   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Symphonies 1-9 / Roy Goodman, Hanover Band, Et Al
Release Date: 12/02/1992   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 5144   Number of Discs: 5
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Beethoven: Diabelli Variations / Vladimir Feltsman
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 6257   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Coriolan Overture

Browse 1-25 of 154 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Beethoven / Abbado, Berliner Philharmoniker
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002347002 Release Date: 07/31/2015   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Violeta Urmana,  Thomas Moser,  Thomas Quasthoff,  Karita Mattila  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Swedish Radio Chorus,  Eric Ericson Chamber Choir  ... 
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  • 2.
    Karl Bohm - Late Recordings - Vienna, London, Dresden
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002327602 Release Date: 06/23/2015   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Anton Bruckner,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Jessye Norman,  Placido Domingo,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 3.
    Orchestre National de France: 80 ans de Concerts Inedits
    Label: Radio France   Catalog: 20 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Edouard Lalo,  Albert Roussel,  Francis Poulenc  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre [Baritone Vocals] Bernac,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Irma Kolassi,  Victoria de los Angeles  ... 
    Conductor:  Désiré-Emile Inghelbrecht,  Paul Paray,  Charles Munch,  Roger Desormière  ... 
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  • 4.
    Karajan - 1980s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002187902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 78
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  David Bell,  José Van Dam,  Barbara Hendricks,  Gösta Winbergh  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Domenico Bartolucci
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
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  • 5.
    Overtures For Organ Four Hands
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94954 Release Date: 11/18/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Pietro Pasquini,  Francesco Zuvadelli
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  • 6.
    The Originals - Legendary Recordings from DG
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002171502 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Pierre Fournier,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  David Oistrakh,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Franz Konwitschny,  Carlos Kleiber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 7.
    Beethoven: Complete Symphonies / Bruggen
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002161102 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Eike Wilm Schulte,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson,  Jard Van Nes,  Lynne Dawson  ... 
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century,  Gulbenkian Foundation Chorus Lisbon
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  • 8.
    Wilhelm Furtwangler Conducts The Complete Beethoven Symphonies
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 9093 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
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  • 9.
    Beethoven: Symphony No. 8; Overtures
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6260 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Yondani Butt
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  • 10.
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002050302 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Ekkehard Wagner,  Albrecht Sack,  Reinhard Decker,  Menahem Pressler  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Beaux Arts Trio
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  • 11.
    Leonard Bernstein Collection Vol 1 [59 CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 2027800 Release Date: 04/22/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Leonard Bernstein,  Benjamin Britten  ... 
    Performer:  René Kollo,  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Kurt Moll,  Hanna Schwarz  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Concert Choir,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 12.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 1-4, Coriolan Overture / Ansermet
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002005002 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 13.
    Beethoven: Symphonies Nos. 1-9; Overtures / Karajan, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633735 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Otto Edelmann,  Ernst Haefliger,  Marga Höffgen,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Friends of Music Society Chorus
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  • 14.
    Beethoven - Recordings During Wartime / Wilhelm Furtwangler
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 5061 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Erich Röhn,  Conrad Hansen
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 1-4 & Overtures / Weil, Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra
    Label: Tafelmusik Media   Catalog: 1023 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Bruno Weil
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tafelmusik
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  • 16.
    Beethoven: Symphony No. 5
    Label: Lodia Music   Catalog: 781 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Carlos Païta
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  • 17.
    Beethoven - Complete Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94630 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 86
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Helena Döse,  Marga Schiml,  Peter Schreier,  Theo Adam  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  David Zinman,  Gérard Oskamp,  Carl-August Bünte  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $148.99
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  • 18.
    Beethoven: Symphonies Nos. 1-9, Overtures / Bohm, Vienna Philharmonic [6-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001923502 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Tatiana Troyanos,  Karl Ridderbusch,  Jess Thomas,  Dame Gwyneth Jones
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 19.
    Berlin Philharmonic - Centenary Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001923302 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Walter Berry,  Gundula Janowitz,  Hilde Rössl-Majdan  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Nikisch,  Alfred Hertz,  Richard Strauss,  Bruno Walter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Swedish Radio Chorus  ... 
    CD: $163.49
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  • 20.
    Fritz Reiner - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 370198 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 63
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Rolf Liebermann,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Jascha Heifetz,  Emil Gilels,  Inge Borkh  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus,  Studio Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Lorin Maazel Conducts Beethoven & Bartok - Historical Recording 1958
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 94224 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Béla Bartók
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Carl Schuricht & Clara Haskil Perform Beethoven: The 1940s Decca 'K' Recordings
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9819 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Clara Haskil
    Conductor:  Eduard Van Beinum,  Reginald Goodall,  Carl Schuricht,  Carlo Zecchi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  National Symphony, Washington, D. C.,  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Bruno Walter - The Edition
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 548952 Release Date: 07/02/2013   Number of Discs: 39
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Hendl,  John Corigliano Sr.,  Leonard Rose,  Martha Lipton  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Occidental College Consort,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 24.
    Four Maestri In 1926: Toscanini, Mengelberg, Walter, Furtwangler
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2105 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Willem Mengelberg,  Bruno Walter,  Wilhelm Furtwängler
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  • 25.
    Overtures
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 162 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Luigi Cherubini,  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Ludwig van Beethoven


WORKS
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 2. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 4. Finale (Allegro molto)
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 3. Allegro
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 4. Allegro
I. Awakening of Cheerful Feelings Upon Arrival in the Country: Allegro ma non troppo
II. Scene by the Brook: Andante molto mosso
III. Merry Gathering of Country Folk: Allegro
IV. Thunderstorm: Allegro
V. Shepherd's Song: Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm: Allegretto
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 1. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 3. Presto - Assai meno presto
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 4. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 1. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 2. Molto vivace
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 3. Adagio molto e cantabile
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 4. Presto
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" / 4. - Presto - "O Freunde, nicht diese Töne!" - Allegro assai
Concerto No. 3 in C minor for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 37: I. Allegro con brio
II. Largo
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Rondo. Molto allegro
Concerto No. 5 in E-flat Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 73 "Emperor": I. Allegro
II. Adagio un poco moto
III. Rondo. Allegro
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: First movement: Allegro ma non troppo (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Second movement: Larghetto
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Third movement: Rondo (Allegro) (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 1. Adagio sostenuto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 3. Presto agitato
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 1. Allegro assai
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 3. Allegro ma non troppo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 1. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 2. Adagio cantabile
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 3. Rondo (Allegro)
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei