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Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Complete String Quartets / Tokyo SQ
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 807641   Number of Discs: 8
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Beethoven: Piano Sonatas No 1-3, 5-10, 12-18, 23, 30-33 / Glenn Gould
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 541286   Number of Discs: 6
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Beethoven: Complete Works for Cello & Piano / Queyras, Melnikov
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902183   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Complete Symphonies / Bruggen
Release Date: 10/14/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002161102   Number of Discs: 7
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Beethoven: Piano Trios Op 70 No 2,
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902125   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Egmont Overture

Browse 176-200 of 202 Available Recordings
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  • 176.
    Passion For Beethoven
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 61975 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Ekaterina Murina,  Alexander Sandler,  Nodar Gabunia
    Conductor:  Alexander Titov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg New Classical Orchestra
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  • 177.
    Art Of Classics - Beruhmte Ouverturen Und Zwischenspiele
    Label: Intercord Klassische Diskothek   Catalog: 25929 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Zanotelli,  Gunter Neidlinger,  George Randolph Warren,  Carl-August Bünte  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Philharmonic Orchestra,  Nuremberg Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 178.
    Beethoven: Symphonies No 3 & 9, Etc / Böhm, Vienna Po
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 437368 Release Date: 04/11/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Tatiana Troyanos,  Karl Ridderbusch,  Jess Thomas,  Dame Gwyneth Jones
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Opera Chorus
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  • 179.
    Brahms: Symphonie No 1;  Beethoven / Bernstein, Vienna Po
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445505 Release Date: 08/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 180.
    Beethoven - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64052 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Dennis O'Neill,  Gwynne Howell,  Suzanne Murphy,  Carolyn Watkinson  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas,  George Szell,  Sir Colin Davis,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tallis Chamber Choir,  English Chamber Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 181.
    Beethoven: Overtures And Incidental Music / Skrowaczewski
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5099 Release Date: 05/02/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Phyllis Bryn-Julson
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra,  Bach Society of Minnesota
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  • 182.
    Beethoven - The Greatest Hits
    Label: Reference Gold   Catalog: 3602 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Sylvia Cápová,  Jan Czerkow,  Dubravka Tomsic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Chorus,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra,  London Festival Orchestra  ... 
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  • 183.
    Beethoven: The Symphonies / Haitink, Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 442073 Release Date: 02/25/1994   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Carolyn Watkinson,  Peter Schreier,  Robert Holl
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Netherlands Radio Chorus
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  • 184.
    Beethoven: Complete Overtures, Etc / Masur, Marriner
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438706 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 185.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Overtures / Alexander Titov
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57219 Release Date: 02/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Alexander Titov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmony Orchestra,  St. Petersburg Conservatory Orchestra
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  • 186.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: 9 Symphonien, Ouvertüren
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439200 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa,  Vinson Cole,  Janet Perry,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
    CD: $108.49
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  • 187.
    Karajan Gold - Beethoven: Symphonie No 3, Etc / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439002 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 188.
    Label: Imp Classics   Catalog: 21 Release Date: 09/01/1992   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Mikhail Glinka,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Richard Wagner  ... 
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  • 189.
    Beethoven: Overtures / Gunzenhauser, Slovak Philharmonic
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550072 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 190.
    Beethoven: The Symphonies / Sir Georg Solti, Chicago So
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430792 Release Date: 02/11/1992   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Yvonne Minton,  Stuart Burrows,  Martti Talvela,  Pilar Lorengar
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Chorus,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 191.
    Beethoven In Berlin - 1991 New Year's Eve Concert
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4356172 Release Date: 02/10/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Bruno Ganz,  Cheryl Studer,  Evgeni Kissin
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Chorus
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  • 192.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 1 & 6 / Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46532 Release Date: 08/19/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 193.
    The Best Of Beethoven
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8551101 Release Date: 03/24/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Balázs Szokolay,  Stefan Vladar,  Takako Nishizaki,  Jénö Jandó
    Conductor:  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Barry Wordsworth,  Kenneth Jean,  Michael Halász  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Capella Istropolitana,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 194.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies, Overtures / Bernstein, Vienna PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423481 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Kurt Moll,  René Kollo,  Hanna Schwarz
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Concert Choir,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 195.
    Beethoven: Symphonies (Complete)
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 427306 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Marjana Lipovsek,  Hermann Prey
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 196.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto / Karajan, Mutter, Zeltser, Ma
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415276 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Mark Zeltser,  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 197.
    Classics - Beethoven: Symphony No 5, Etc / Ozawa, Boston So
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80060 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 198.
    Beethoven: The Nine Symphonies / Solti, Chicago So
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430400 Release Date: 09/11/1990   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Reinhild Runkel,  Robert Schunk,  Hans Sotin
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 199.
    Karajan Collection - Beethoven: 9 Symphonien / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 429089 Release Date: 07/03/1990   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Anna Tomowa-Sintow,  Agnes Baltsa,  Peter Schreier,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
    CD: $76.99
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  • 200.
    The Best Of Beethoven
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80240 Release Date: 06/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  John O'Conor,  Robert Lloyd,  Siegfried Jerusalem,  Janice Taylor  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Shaw,  Seiji Ozawa,  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Chorus,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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