Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Symphonies No 7 & 9 / Klemperer, Ansermet
Release Date: 02/01/2005   Label: Emi Classics  
Catalog: 99934   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 4; Falla, Et Al / Aldo Ciccolini
Release Date: 01/24/2006   Label: Emi Classics  
Catalog: 10193   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Symphony No. 9
Release Date: 04/09/2013   Label: San Francisco Symphony  
Catalog: 55   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Piano Trios Op 70 No 2,
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902125   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 3; Mozart: Piano Concerto No 24 / Sudbin, Vanska
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1978   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Egmont Overture

Browse 151-175 of 202 Available Recordings
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  • 151.
    The Immortal Arturo Toscanini - Beethoven
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 66656 Release Date: 02/20/2001   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Nan Merriman,  Eugene Conley,  Lois Marshall,  Jerome Hines  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Robert Shaw Chorale,  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 152.
    The Lydian Orchestral Collection
    Label: Amadis   Catalog: 7203 Release Date: 10/07/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  George Frideric Handel,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Jindrich Pazdera
    Conductor:  Andrew Mogrelia,  Eduard Fischer,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Alfred Walter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Cassovia,  Prague Chamber Soloists,  Accademia Ziliniana  ... 
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  • 153.
    Famous Overtures - Marriage Of Figaro, Egmont, Hebrides, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553627 Release Date: 10/05/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Oliver Dohnányi,  Alexander Rahbari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brussels Belgian Radio & TV Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 154.
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4780 Release Date: 08/22/2000   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Max Bruch,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Guila Bustabo,  Gaspar Cassadó,  Herman Krebbers,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 155.
    Battling Classics
    Label: Platinum Disc   Catalog: 1036 Release Date: 01/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Aram Khachaturian,  Frédéric Chopin,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 156.
    Greatest Masterpieces Of The Millennium - Beethoven
    Label: Platinum Disc   Catalog: 1735 Release Date: 01/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 157.
    Famous Overtures / Sir Georg Solti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 460982 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Franz von Suppé  ... 
    Performer:  Emanuel Brabec
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 158.
    Beethoven: Overtures / Harding, Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie
    Label: Virgin Classics Special Import   Catalog: 45364 Release Date: 11/02/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Chamber Philharmonic Bremen
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  • 159.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 7, Overtures / Doráti, London SO
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 462958 Release Date: 04/13/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 160.
    Rudolf Kempe Rehearses Beethoven - Symphonie No 7, Egmont
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 9195 Release Date: 02/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 161.
    Sir Georg Solti - A Celebration
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 466000 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Angela Gheorghiu,  Maxim Vengerov,  Anne Sofie von Otter
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 162.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3, Egmont Overture / Abbado, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445603 Release Date: 01/08/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 163.
    Beethoven: Concerto No 3, Symphony No 5, Etc / Szell, Et Al
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 484981 Release Date: 11/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Emil Gilels
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 164.
    Discover The Classics Volume 2
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554246-47 Release Date: 09/29/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Malcolm Arnold,  Gioachino Rossini,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Benjamin Frith,  Maria Kliegel
    Conductor:  Prionnsias O'Duinn,  Andrew Penny,  Michael Halász,  Adrian Leaper  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RTE Sinfonietta,  Queensland Symphony Orchestra,  Zagreb Festival Orchestra  ... 
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  • 165.
    Toscanini Conducts The Orchestra Of La Scala
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1027 Release Date: 07/21/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Tancredi Pasero,  Fedora Barbieri,  Gabriella Gatti,  Giacinto Prandelli
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus
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  • 166.
    Beethoven: Concerto For Violin, Egmont Overture, Etc
    Label: Spj Music   Catalog: 90014 Release Date: 04/07/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
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  • 167.
    Bernstein Century - Beethoven: Symphonies No 4 & 5, Etc
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 63079 Release Date: 10/28/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 168.
    The Best Of Beethoven
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556651 Release Date: 10/20/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Stefan Vladar,  Robert Holzer,  Michael Pabst,  Eliane Elias  ... 
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth,  Richard Edlinger,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Béla Drahos  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Zagreb Philharmonic,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 169.
    Beethoven: Overtures / Yoel Levi, Atlanta Symphony
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80358 Release Date: 07/29/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Yoel Levi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 170.
    Beethoven: Overtures / Szell, Lane, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 63062 Release Date: 07/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Louis Lane,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 171.
    Beethoven: The Symphonies /Hogwood, Academy Of Ancient Music
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 452551 Release Date: 06/24/1997   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Arleen Augér,  Catherine Robbin,  Gregory Reinhart,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Chorus,  Academy of Ancient Music
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  • 172.
    Classical Music Around The World Vol 3 - Germany
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 891 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Adilia Alieva
    Conductor:  Walter Proost
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Remo Symphony Orchestra
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  • 173.
    25 Beethoven Favorites
    Label: Vox Cameo Classics   Catalog: 8815 Release Date: 08/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Walter Klien,  George Berry,  George Silfies  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Lizzio,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Michael Gielen,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Chorus,  London Festival Orchestra,  Minnesota Orchestra  ... 
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  • 174.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Schumann: Symphony No 3;  Beethoven
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64488 Release Date: 05/28/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 175.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies - Vienna 1960 / Klemperer
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 886 Release Date: 03/19/1996   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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