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Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos. 1-5 / Szell, Gilels, Cleveland Orchestra
Release Date: 02/10/2017   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 559442   Number of Discs: 3
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Beethoven: The Complete Wartime Piano Sonata Recordings / Kempff
Release Date: 11/17/2017   Label: Apr  
Catalog: 7403   Number of Discs: 4
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Beethoven: Violin Sonatas, Vol. 1 / Hanslip, Driver
Release Date: 11/10/2017   Label: Rubicon  
Catalog: 1010  
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Beethoven, Schumann, Thalberg, Liszt / Valentina Lisitsa
Release Date: 09/28/2010   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8572491   Number of Discs: 1
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Helene Grimaud Piano Recital - Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Rachimaninov
Release Date: 10/29/2013   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4891   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Sonata for Piano no 30 in E major, Op. 109

Browse 1-25 of 195 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Late Beethoven / Shaer
    Label: Orchid Classics   Catalog: 100076 Release Date: 11/17/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Ishay Shaer
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  • 2.
    Sonatas, Variations, Impromptus / Morris
    Label: Quartz Music   Catalog: 2127 Release Date: 11/17/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Olwen Morris
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  • 3.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Bavouzet
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: CHAN 10960(9) Release Date: 11/03/2017   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
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  • 4.
    Beethoven - Complete Edition 2017
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95510 Release Date: 10/01/2017   Number of Discs: 85
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Helena Döse,  Marga Schiml,  Peter Schreier,  Theo Adam  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Willfried Boettcher,  Heinz Wallberg,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Stuttgart Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 5.
    Beethoven: The Complete Sonatas / Goode
    Label: Nonesuch   Catalog: 561659 Release Date: 09/29/2017   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Richard Goode
    CD: $38.99
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  • 6.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas, Vol. 10 / Costa
    Label: Claudio   Catalog: 5580 Release Date: 09/01/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Sequeira Costa
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  • 7.
    Sviatoslav Richter Plays Beethoven
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 16030 Release Date: 09/01/2017   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling,  Hermann Abendroth,  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR Radio/TV Large Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $68.99
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  • 8.
    Daniel Barenboim: The Solo Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797371 Release Date: 08/25/2017   Number of Discs: 39
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Alban Berg,  Johannes Brahms,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Antony Pay
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble InterContemporain
    CD: $138.99
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  • 9.
    Rudolf Serkin: The Complete Columbia Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88985404062 Release Date: 08/25/2017   Number of Discs: 75
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin,  Adolf Busch,  Hermann Busch,  Pablo Casals  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Bruno Walter,  Eugene Ormandy,  Pablo Casals  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Busch String Quartet  ... 
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  • 10.
    Beethoven: The Complete Piano Sonatas & Bagatelles / Kovacevich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 563129 Release Date: 08/18/2017   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich
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  • 11.
    Crossing Spheres / Sunwoo
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 17475 Release Date: 06/16/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Yekwon Sunwoo
    CD: $18.99
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  • 12.
    Artur Schnabel: The RCA Victor Recordings
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88985389712 Release Date: 04/07/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Artur Schnabel
    Conductor:  Frederick Stock
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 13.
    Beethoven: The Last 3 Piano Sonatas / Richter
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 226 Release Date: 04/07/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
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  • 14.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Op. 109 & 110 / Pollini [Vinyl]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B002590601 Release Date: 12/16/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Maurizio Pollini
    LP: $28.49
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  • 15.
    Beethoven: The Piano Sonatas / Schiff
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 002587102 Release Date: 12/16/2016   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  András Schiff
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  • 16.
    Beethoven Barenboim
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 558505 Release Date: 12/02/2016   Number of Discs: 35
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Jacqueline Du Pré,  Itzhak Perlman  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Chorus  ... 
    CD: $77.49
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  • 17.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Vol 3 / Bavouzet
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10925 Release Date: 11/18/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jean-Efflam Bavouzet
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  • 18.
    Maurizio Pollini: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002578510 Release Date: 11/18/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Arnold Schoenberg  ... 
    Performer:  Maurizio Pollini,  Andreas Esders,  Gabriele Lechner,  Gretchen Eder  ... 
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung  ... 
    CD: $254.49
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  • 19.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Opp. 7, 13
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1298 Release Date: 11/11/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Paavali Jumppanen
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  • 20.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Buchbinder
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 734708 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    DVD: $74.49
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  • 21.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Buchbinder [Blu-ray]
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 734804 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Rudolf Buchbinder
    Blu-ray Video: $74.49
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  • 22.
    Byron Janis: The RCA Recordings 1950-1959
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 88985313302 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss,  Andrey Schulz-Evler  ... 
    Performer:  Byron Janis
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Charles Munch,  Hugo Winterhalter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Hugo Winterhalter & His Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Beethoven: Eroica Variations & Sonatas / Coop
    Label: Skylark Digital   Catalog: 8802 Release Date: 09/30/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jane Coop
    CD: $17.99
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  • 24.
    The Originals, Vol. 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002534902 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Helmut Walcha,  Nathan Milstein,  Géza Anda,  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Eugen Jochum,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $142.49
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  • 25.
    Beethoven: The Complete Piano Sonatas / Schnabel
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 556698 Release Date: 08/26/2016   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Artur Schnabel
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