Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 5 & Works for Solo Piano / Bax
Release Date: 05/18/2018   Label: Signum Classics  
Catalog: 525   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Works for Flute, Vol. 2 / Seo, Ueno, Kodama
Release Date: 06/08/2018   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573570   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Works for Flute / Seo
Release Date: 03/09/2018   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573569   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Bagatelles And Dances Vol 2 / Jenó Jandö
Release Date: 01/25/2000   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553798   Number of Discs: 1
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The Best Of Beethoven
Release Date: 10/20/1997   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8556651   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Missa solemnis in D major, Op. 123

Browse 51-75 of 79 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Böhm, Price, Ludwig, Ochman
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 437925 Release Date: 11/08/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Gerhart Hetzel,  Peter Planyavsky,  Martti Talvela,  Wieslaw Ochman  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 52.
    Beethoven Concert For Amnesty International / Bernstein, Various Orchestras
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000958302 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 53.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Jochum, Giebel, Hoffgen, Et Al
    Label: Philips Silverline Classics   Catalog: 426648 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Ernst Haefliger,  Karl Ridderbusch,  Marga Höffgen,  Agnes Giebel
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Netherlands Radio Chorus
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  • 54.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Tate, Vaness, Meier, Blochwitz
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 49950 Release Date: 04/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Hans Tschammer,  Waltraud Meier,  Carol Vaness,  Hans-Peter Blochwitz
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Tallis Chamber Choir
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  • 55.
    The Beethoven Box Set / Harnoncourt, Chamber Orchestra of Europe
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 63779 Release Date: 01/09/2007   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Robert Fontane,  Elisabeth von Magnus,  Deon Van der Walt,  Maria Haid  ... 
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir
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  • 56.
    Erich Kleiber Conducts Beethoven
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1188 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Sigurd Björling,  Lisa Tunell,  Birgit Nilsson,  Gösta Bäckelin
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stockholm Philharmonic Chorus,  Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Legendary Recordings - Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven / Kurt Masur
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 245 Release Date: 02/01/2006   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Annerose Schmidt,  Siegfried Lorenz,  Edda Moser,  Gisela Schröter  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra  ... 
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  • 58.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis, Violin Concerto / Toscanini
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2248/49 Release Date: 10/26/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alexander Kipnis,  Zinka Milanov,  Bruna Castagna,  Jussi Björling  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Westminster Choir
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  • 59.
    Beethoven, Schubert, Wagner / Jascha Hornstein, Et Al
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4150 Release Date: 09/21/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Norma Procter,  Richard Lewis,  Teresa Stich-Randall,  Kim Borg
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Chorus,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Northern Symphony
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  • 60.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Beecham, Nash, Falkner, Jarred
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 11A Release Date: 08/05/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Heddle Nash,  Keith Falkner,  H. Percy Richardson,  Mary Jarred  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leeds Festival Chorus
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  • 61.
    Walter Conducts Beethoven
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1142 Release Date: 07/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Nan Merriman,  Eleanor Steber,  William Hain,  Lorenzo Alvary
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Westminster Choir
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  • 62.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Schermerhorn, Nashville Symphony
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557060 Release Date: 03/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Lori Phillips,  Robynne Redmon,  James Taylor,  Jay Baylon  ... 
    Conductor:  Kenneth Schermerhorn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nashville Symphony Orchestra,  Nashville Symphony Chorus
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  • 63.
    Toscanini Conducts Two Choral Masterpieces By Beethoven
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4259 Release Date: 10/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Ania Dorfmann,  Maria Castagna,  Jussi Björling,  Zinka Milanov  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Westminster Choir
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  • 64.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 9, Missa Solemnis / Bernstein
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469262 Release Date: 08/14/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Bernard Bartelink,  Edda Moser,  Hanna Schwarz,  René Kollo  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  N. O. S. Radio Chorus,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus  ... 
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  • 65.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Rilling, Coburn, Quivar, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98956 Release Date: 05/15/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Aldo Baldin,  Florence Quivar,  Pamela Coburn,  Andreas Schmidt
    Conductor:  Helmuth Rilling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Bach Collegium,  Gächinger Kantorei Stuttgart
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  • 66.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Klemperer
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 67547 Release Date: 04/10/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Elisabeth Söderström,  Marga Höffgen,  Waldemar Kmentt,  Martti Talvela
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 67.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Bernstein, Moser, Schwarz, Kollo, Moll
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469546 Release Date: 11/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Kurt Moll,  Hanna Schwarz,  Edda Moser,  René Kollo
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Hilversum Radio Chorus
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  • 68.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Goehr, Graf, Hoffman, Wenk, NDR Symphony & Chorus
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1033 Release Date: 02/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Uta Graf,  Erich Wenk,  Helmut Kretschmar,  Grace Hoffman
    Conductor:  Walter Goehr
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Chorus,  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Immortal Toscanini Vol 3 - Beethoven: Symphony 9, Missa Solemnis
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 55837 Release Date: 11/24/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Nan Merriman,  Norman Scott,  Jan Peerce  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Robert Shaw Chorale,  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis, Mass In C / Solti, Chailly
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 455014 Release Date: 08/12/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Mallory Walker,  Yvonne Minton,  Gwynne Howell  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Chorus,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus  ... 
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  • 71.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Böhm, Berliner Philharmoniker
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449737 Release Date: 06/10/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Max Reger
    Performer:  Maria Stader,  Marianna Radev,  Anton Dermota,  Josef Greindl  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  St. Hedwig's Cathedral Choir
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  • 72.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Kubelik, Donath, Fassbaender
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 370942 Release Date: 03/24/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Peter Schreier,  John Shirley-Quirk,  Elmar Schloter  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis; Mozart: Coronation Mass / Karajan
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445543 Release Date: 01/02/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Leon Spierer,  José van Dam,  Vinson Cole,  Trudeliese Schmidt  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Dorati, Kiberg, European SO
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 406 Release Date: 09/23/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Rosemarie Lang,  William Cochran,  Mikhail Krutikov,  Thomas Brandis  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  European Symphony Orchestra,  University of Maryland Chorus
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  • 75.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Ormandy, Arroyo, Forrester
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 53517 Release Date: 05/03/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Cesare Siepi,  Martina Arroyo,  Richard Lewis,  Maureen Forrester
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Singing City Choirs,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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