Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
The Beethoven Journey - Piano Concertos No 1-5 / 	Leif Ove Andsnes
Release Date: 10/27/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 305887   Number of Discs: 3
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Helene Grimaud Piano Recital - Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Rachimaninov
Release Date: 10/29/2013   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4891   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Complete Works for Cello & Piano / Steven Isserlis, Robert Levin
Release Date: 01/14/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 67981   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Op. 22, Op. 31 No. 3, Op. 101 / Angela Hewitt
Release Date: 12/10/2013   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 67974   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Symphony 7, Great Fugue / Piano Duo Trenkner  Speidel
Release Date: 12/02/2014   Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)  
Catalog: 9301861   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Piano Concerto no 4

Browse 251-275 of 296 Available Recordings
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  • 251.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos 3 & 4 / Fischer, Philharmonia
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1169 Release Date: 12/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer
    Conductor:  Edwin Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 252.
    The Complete Josef Hofmann Vol 6 - Casimir Hall Recital
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 52014 Release Date: 11/24/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Josef Hofmann,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Sigismund Stojowski  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Hofmann
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 253.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 4;  Saint-saens / Rubinstein
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1154 Release Date: 11/10/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein
    Conductor:  Philippe Gaubert,  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 254.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos No 3 & 4 / Gardiner, Levin, Et Al
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 457608 Release Date: 08/11/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Robert Levin
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique
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  • 255.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos No 3 & 4 / Vracheva, Kofman
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47352 Release Date: 11/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Galina Vracheva
    Conductor:  Roman Kofman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kiev Chamber Orchestra
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  • 256.
    Complete Beethoven Edition Vol 2 - Concertos
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453707 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Patrick Gallois,  Pascal Gallois,  Myung-Whun Chung,  Eva Ander  ... 
    Conductor:  Myung-Whun Chung,  Peter Gülke,  Daniel Barenboim,  Emil Tchakarov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Chamber Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 257.
    Beethoven: The Piano Concertos, Etc / Schiff, Haitink
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 13159 Release Date: 09/16/1997   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  András Schiff
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 258.
    Carol Rosenberger Plays Beethoven/ Schwarz, London So, Et Al
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3703 Release Date: 07/22/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Carol Rosenberger,  David Shifrin,  Kenneth Munday,  Allan Vogel  ... 
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 259.
    Beethoven: The Five Piano Concertos / Brendel, Levine
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 456045 Release Date: 07/15/1997   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 260.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos No 3 & 4 / Immerseel, Weil
    Label: Sony Classical Vivarte Series   Catalog: 62824 Release Date: 07/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jos van Immerseel
    Conductor:  Bruno Weil
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tafelmusik
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  • 261.
    Beethoven: The Piano Concertos / Ashkenazy, Solti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 443723 Release Date: 06/24/1997   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 262.
    The Originals Beethoven Box - Legendary Recordings
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 457097 Release Date: 05/13/1997   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff,  Gundula Janowitz,  Walter Berry,  Waldemar Kmentt  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Ferdinand Leitner,  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 263.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos 4 & 5 / Lubin, Hogwood
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 443186 Release Date: 04/22/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Steven Lubin
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of Ancient Music
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  • 264.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos No 4 & 5 / Gilels, Ludwig
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1095 Release Date: 03/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Emil Gilels
    Conductor:  Leopold Ludwig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 265.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 3 & 4 / Solomon, Cluytens
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1220 Release Date: 02/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Solomon
    Conductor:  André Cluytens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 266.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos 1-4 / Gilels, Szell, Cleveland
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 69506 Release Date: 11/26/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Emil Gilels
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 267.
    Classical Music Around The World Vol 3 - Germany
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 891 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Adilia Alieva
    Conductor:  Walter Proost
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Remo Symphony Orchestra
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  • 268.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos No 3 & 4 / Uchida, Sanderling
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 446082 Release Date: 04/09/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Mitsuko Uchida
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 269.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos 4 & 5 / Kempff, Leitner
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447402 Release Date: 02/13/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff
    Conductor:  Ferdinand Leitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 270.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos 4 And 5 / Vladar, Wordsworth
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553266 Release Date: 01/23/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Stefan Vladar
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana
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  • 271.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos 4 & 3 / Artur Schnabel
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1021 Release Date: 01/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Artur Schnabel
    Conductor:  Issay Dobrowen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 272.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 4, Etc / Fischer, Jochum
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 270921 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 273.
    Beethoven: Five Piano Concerti, Choral Fantasy / Brendel
    Label: Vox Box Legends   Catalog: 3502 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  Willfried Boettcher,  Zubin Mehta,  Heinz Wallberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Teacher's Choral Society,  Stuttgart Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 274.
    Beethoven: The Piano Concertos / Pollini, Abbado, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439770 Release Date: 02/14/1995   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Maurizio Pollini
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 275.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos No 1 & 4
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 66723 Release Date: 11/01/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Vladimir Shakin,  Elisso Bolkvadze
    Conductor:  Alexander Titov,  Jahni Mardjani
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg New Classical Orchestra,  Georgian Festival Orchestra
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