Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.

Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less

Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 3; Mozart: Piano Concerto No 24 / Sudbin, Vanska
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1978   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: The Late Piano Sonatas / Igor Levit
Release Date: 11/05/2013   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 370387   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Piano Sonatas, Vol. 2 / Jean-efflam Bavouzet
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10798   Number of Discs: 3
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Beethoven, Berg: Violin Concertos / Weithaas, Sloane, 	Stavanger Symphony
Release Date: 01/14/2014   Label: Cavi Music  
Catalog: 8553305   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven:
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Idi  
Catalog: 6678   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 6101-6125 of 6368 Available Recordings
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  • 6101.
    Beethoven: The Piano Sonatas Opp 13, 53, 81a / Louis Lortie
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9024 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Louis Lortie
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  • 6102.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto, Symphony No 10 / Gibson, Weller
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6501 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Sharon Robinson,  Joseph Kalichstein,  Jaime Laredo
    Conductor:  Walter Weller,  Sir Alexander Gibson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 6103.
    Daydreams - A Compilation Of Gentle Piano Music
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6537 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Louis Lortie,  Ernst Wallfisch,  Lydia Artymiw
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  • 6104.
    Schubert: Arpeggione Sonata;  Beethoven / Imai, Vignoles
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8664 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Roger Vignoles,  Nobuko Imai
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  • 6105.
    The Chandos Sound Experience - Compact Disc Sampler
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9007 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Zoltán Kodály,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Howard Shelley,  Louis Lortie,  Boris Berman,  Willard White  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi,  Bryden Thomson,  Walter Weller,  Yan Pascal Tortelier  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detroit Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Scottish National Orchestra  ... 
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  • 6106.
    Glenn Gould Edition - Beethoven: The 5 Piano Concertos
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 52632 Release Date: 10/27/1992   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Glenn Gould
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski,  Leonard Bernstein,  Vladimir Golschmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  American Symphony Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 6107.
    Glenn Gould Edition - The Art Of Glenn Gould
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 52694 Release Date: 10/27/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Glenn Gould
    Conductor:  Vladimir Golschmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 6108.
    Beethoven: The Piano Concertos / Zimerman, Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435467 Release Date: 10/13/1992   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Krystian Zimerman
    Conductor:  Krystian Zimerman,  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 6109.
    Glenn Gould Edition - Beethoven: Variations, Bagatelles
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 52646 Release Date: 10/13/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Glenn Gould
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  • 6110.
    Beethoven: Ten Piano Trios / The Borodin Trio
    Label: Chandos Records   Catalog: 8352 Release Date: 10/09/1992   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Rostislav Dubinsky,  Luba Edlina,  Yuli Turovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Borodin Trio
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  • 6111.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 1 & 7 / Giulini, La Scala PO
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 48236 Release Date: 10/06/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Scala Philharmonic
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  • 6112.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 9 / Harnoncourt, Co Of Europe
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 175713 Release Date: 10/06/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Charlotte Margiono,  Birgit Remmert,  Rudolf Schasching,  Robert Holl
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir
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  • 6113.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 3 & 8 / Halász, Edlinger
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 550178 Release Date: 10/05/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Richard Edlinger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Zagreb Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 6114.
    Piano Collection / Arrau, Pollini, Richter, Gelber Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67205 Release Date: 09/29/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Scott Joplin,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Isaac Albeniz  ... 
    Performer:  Marielle Labèque,  Katia Labèque,  Michel Béroff,  Jean-Philippe Collard  ... 
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  • 6115.
    The Telarc Collection Vol 6
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 89106 Release Date: 09/29/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  P.D.Q. Bach,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Bert Kaempfert,  John Denver  ... 
    Performer:  Doc Severinsen,  Hilton Ruiz,  Dizzy Gillespie,  Clifford Jordan  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Schickele,  David Zinman,  Erich Kunzel,  Martin Pearlman  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Turtle Mountain Naval Base Tactical Wind Ensemble,  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra,  Cincinnati Pops  ... 
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  • 6116.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 5, Choral Fantasy / Brendel, Haitink
    Label: Philips Insignia Series   Catalog: 434148 Release Date: 09/15/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Choir,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 6117.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Vol. 6
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550162 Release Date: 09/08/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó
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  • 6118.
    Schroeder's Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61240 Release Date: 09/08/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Vince Guaraldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Nelly Kokinos,  Ronnie Zito,  John Miller,  Ken Bichel
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  • 6119.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 4 & 7 / Leibowitz, Royal Philharmonic
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 81 Release Date: 09/05/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  René Leibowitz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 6120.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas, Vol. 2
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550054 Release Date: 09/04/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó
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  • 6121.
    Label: Imp Classics   Catalog: 21 Release Date: 09/01/1992   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Mikhail Glinka,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Richard Wagner  ... 
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  • 6122.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Vol Vii / John O'conor
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80293 Release Date: 08/25/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  John O'Conor
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  • 6123.
    Bernstein - The Final Concert / Boston Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431768 Release Date: 08/18/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $15.99
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  • 6124.
    Van Cliburn Collection - The World's Favorite Piano Music
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60973 Release Date: 07/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
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  • 6125.
    Battle Music / Lenard, CSR Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550230 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra
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