Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Symphonies No 1-9, Overtures... / Bernstein
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 7683912   Number of Discs: 6
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Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Maurizio Pollini
Release Date: 02/24/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002235002   Number of Discs: 8
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Beethoven, Haydn, Mozart: Songs / Mark Padmore
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 907611   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven, Period. / Haimovitz, O'Riley
Release Date: 02/10/2015   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 186475   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Fidelio / Modl, Zampieri, Horenstein, Athens Festival Orchestra
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Walhall  
Catalog: 352   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 6051-6075 of 6166 Available Recordings
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  • 6051.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances / Mintz, Sinopoli
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423064 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Shlomo Mintz
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 6052.
    Beethoven: Violin Concerto, Romances / Schneiderhan, Jochum
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 427197 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Wolfgang Schneiderhan
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 6053.
    Beethoven: Violin Sonatas Nos 4 & 5 / Kremer, Argerich
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419787 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Martha Argerich
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  • 6054.
    Beethoven: Wellington's Victory / Kunzel, Cincinnati SO
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80079 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
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  • 6055.
    Choral Masterpieces / Robert Shaw, Atlanta So & Chorus
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80119 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  George Frideric Handel,  Hector Berlioz,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Jeanné Brown,  Oliver Sueing,  Wayne Baughman
    Conductor:  Robert Shaw
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Chorus,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 6056.
    Classics - Beethoven: Symphony No 5, Etc / Ozawa, Boston So
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80060 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 6057.
    Classics - Beethoven: Symphony No 9 / Dohnanyi, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80120 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Carol Vaness,  Janice Taylor,  Siegfried Jerusalem,  Robert Lloyd
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra Chorus
    CD: $10.99
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  • 6058.
    Classics - Beethoven: The 5 Piano Concertos / Serkin, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80061 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $32.99
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  • 6059.
    Classics - Mozart: Mass;  Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Shaw
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80150 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Janice Taylor,  Tom Krause,  John Aler,  Sylvia McNair  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Shaw
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra,  Atlanta Symphony Chorus
    CD: $16.99
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  • 6060.
    Great Violin Concertos / Mutter, Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415565 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Max Bruch,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $43.98
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  • 6061.
    Greatest Hits Of 1790 / Kapp, Philharmonia Virtuosi
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 37216 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Edward Carroll,  Hubert Laws,  Chick Corea
    Conductor:  Richard Kapp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Virtuosi
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  • 6062.
    Mendelssohn: Octet;  Beethoven: Septet / Vienna Octet
    Label: London/Decca Chamber Mus Series   Catalog: 421093 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Octet
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  • 6063.
    Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto;  Beethoven / Stern, Ozawa
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 37204 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 6064.
    Pachelbel: Canon; Mozart, Albinoni, Et Al / I Musici
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 410606 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Luigi Boccherini,  Johann Pachelbel,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici
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  • 6065.
    Portrait Of Yo-yo Ma
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 44796 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Niccolò Paganini,  Fritz Kreisler,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma,  Patricia Zander,  Emanuel Ax,  Philippe Entremont  ... 
    Conductor:  José L. Garcia,  Michio Mamiya
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Pro Musica Nipponia
    CD not available
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  • 6066.
    The Romantic Violin Vol 2 / Arthur Grumiaux, István Hajdu
    Label: Philips Touch Of Classics   Catalog: 422283 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Niccolò Paganini,  Alessandro Parisotti,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  István Hajdu,  Arthur Grumiaux
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  • 6067.
    Beethoven: Early String Quartets, Op 18 / Guarneri Quartet
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60456 Release Date: 10/10/1990   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Arnold Steinhardt,  John Dalley,  Michael Tree,  David Soyer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Guarneri String Quartet
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  • 6068.
    Beethoven: Late String Quartets / Guarneri Quartet
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60458 Release Date: 10/10/1990   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Guarneri String Quartet
    CD not available
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  • 6069.
    Beethoven: Mass In C, Etc / Shaw, Atlanta So & Chorus
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80248 Release Date: 10/10/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Marietta Simpson,  Jon Humphrey,  Myron Meyers,  Henriette Schellenberg
    Conductor:  Robert Shaw
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Chorus,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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  • 6070.
    Beethoven: Middle String Quartets / Guarneri Quartet
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60457 Release Date: 10/10/1990   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Guarneri String Quartet
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  • 6071.
    Beethoven: The Nine Symphonies / Solti, Chicago So
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430400 Release Date: 09/11/1990   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Reinhild Runkel,  Robert Schunk,  Hans Sotin
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 6072.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Vol V / John O'conor
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80237 Release Date: 08/22/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  John O'Conor
    CD: $11.99
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  • 6073.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3… / Bernstein, Vienna
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431024 Release Date: 07/24/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 6074.
    Karajan Collection - Beethoven: 9 Symphonien / Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 429089 Release Date: 07/03/1990   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Anna Tomowa-Sintow,  Agnes Baltsa,  Peter Schreier,  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 6075.
    The Best Of Beethoven
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80240 Release Date: 06/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  John O'Conor,  Robert Lloyd,  Siegfried Jerusalem,  Janice Taylor  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Shaw,  Seiji Ozawa,  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Chorus,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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Ludwig van Beethoven


WORKS
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 2. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 4. Finale (Allegro molto)
1. Allegro con brio
2. Andante con moto
3. Allegro
4. Allegro
I. Awakening of Cheerful Feelings Upon Arrival in the Country: Allegro ma non troppo
II. Scene by the Brook: Andante molto mosso
III. Merry Gathering of Country Folk: Allegro
IV. Thunderstorm: Allegro
V. Shepherd's Song: Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm: Allegretto
1. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
2. Allegretto
3. Presto - Assai meno presto
4. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 1. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 2. Molto vivace
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 3. Adagio molto e cantabile
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 4. Presto
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" / 4. - Presto - "O Freunde, nicht diese Töne!" - Allegro assai
Concerto No. 3 in C minor for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 37: I. Allegro con brio
II. Largo
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Rondo. Molto allegro
Concerto No. 5 in E-flat Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 73 "Emperor": I. Allegro
II. Adagio un poco moto
III. Rondo. Allegro
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: First movement: Allegro ma non troppo (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Second movement: Larghetto
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Third movement: Rondo (Allegro) (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 1. Adagio sostenuto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 3. Presto agitato
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 1. Allegro assai
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 3. Allegro ma non troppo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 1. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 2. Adagio cantabile
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 3. Rondo (Allegro)
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei