Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Complete Piano Sonatas / Maurizio Pollini
Release Date: 02/24/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002235002   Number of Discs: 8
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Beethoven: The Creatures of Prometheus / Orpheus
Release Date: 12/04/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 419608   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Piano Sonatas No 1-3, 5-10, 12-18, 23, 30-33 / Glenn Gould
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 541286   Number of Discs: 6
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Beethoven, Period. / Haimovitz, O'Riley
Release Date: 02/10/2015   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 186475   Number of Discs: 2
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Beethoven: Symphonies 1-9 / Haitink, London Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 09/12/2006   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 598   Number of Discs: 6
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Browse 26-50 of 6003 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Beethoven: The Piano Concertos; Triple Concerto / Kodama, Nagano
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300597 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Mari Kodama,  Kolja Blacher,  Johannes Moser
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin
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  • 27.
    Liebestraum: Romantic Piano Music
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94989 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Misha Goldstein
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  • 28.
    Memorial Concert For Claudio Abbado
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 20319 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Alban Berg,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Isabelle Faust
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Memorial Concert For Claudio Abbado [blu-ray]
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 10319 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Alban Berg,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Isabelle Faust
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Romantique / Anne Gastinel
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5387 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  François-Frédéric Guy,  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert
    Conductor:  Louis Langrée
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Liège Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $34.99
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  • 31.
    Argerich & Abbado - Complete Concerto Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002250602 Release Date: 01/20/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Maurice Ravel,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Mahler Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 32.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas No 13, 14, 23 & 25 / Radoslav Kvapil
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 152 Release Date: 01/20/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Radoslav Kvapil
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  • 33.
    Beethoven:   Piano Pieces / Tobias Koch
    Label: Cavi Music   Catalog: 8553321 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Tobias Koch
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  • 34.
    Beethoven: Complete Sonatas for Piano and Violin / Van Keulen, Minaar
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72650 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Isabelle van Keulen,  Hannes Minaar
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  • 35.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Rilling, Coburn, Quivar, Baldin, Schmidt
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98053 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Aldo Baldin,  Pamela Coburn,  Andreas Schmidt,  Florence Quivar
    Conductor:  Helmuth Rilling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Bach Collegium,  Gächinger Kantorei Stuttgart
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  • 36.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2
    Label: Aparte   Catalog: 98 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Louis Schwizgebel
    Conductor:  Thierry Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Lazar Berman Rarities, Vol. 3
    Label: Idi   Catalog: 6690 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Performer:  Lazar Berman
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  • 38.
    Martha Argerich, Vol. 3: Prokofiev, Beethoven, Schumann
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 8030 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Martha Argerich
    Conductor:  Karl Melles
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Sonatenabend / Mikhail Shilyaev
    Label: Stone Records   Catalog: 8048 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Alban Berg
    Performer:  Mikhail Shilyaev
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  • 40.
    100 Classical Masterworks
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002188102 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Edvard Grieg,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Lorin Maazel,  Neeme Järvi,  Herbert von Karajan,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel,  Neeme Järvi,  Herbert von Karajan,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theater Violin Ensemble,  Ansbach Bach Week Soloists Union,  Salzburg Mozarteum Camerata Academica  ... 
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  • 41.
    Bach & Beethoven: Mostly Transcriptions 2 / Tien Hsieh
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1531 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ferruccio Busoni,  Franz Liszt,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Tien Hsieh
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  • 42.
    Beethoven: Sonatas Op 31 & 49 / Maurizio Pollini
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002235102 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Maurizio Pollini
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  • 43.
    Kyung Wha Chung - Complete Decca Recordings [19 CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002217700 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Jean Sibelius,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Kyung-Wha Chung,  Phillip Moll,  Radu Lupu,  Myung-Wha Chung  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  André Previn,  Rudolf Kempe,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $94.49
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  • 44.
    Sviatoslav Richter - Complete Decca, Philips & DG Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002236002 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 51
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mikhail Kopelman,  Valentin Berlinsky,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Stanislaw Wislocki,  Kurt Sanderling,  Witold Rowicki,  János Ferencsik  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moragues Woodwind Quintet members,  Borodin String Quartet,  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 45.
    Beethoven: Easy Pianoworks, Vol. 1
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 1043 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Jörg Demus
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  • 46.
    Beethoven: Sonatas Op. 106 & 109 / Rubinova
    Label: Telos   Catalog: 193 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Evgenia Rubinova
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  • 47.
    Beethoven: Triple Concerto; Violin Concerto
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350082 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Svyatoslav Knushevitsky,  Lev Oborin,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  André Cluytens
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  • 48.
    Decca - Vienna Philharmonic - The Orchestral Edition
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002227902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Werner Krenn,  Elly Ameling,  Werner Tripp  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Münchinger,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    On sale! $199.98
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  • 49.
    Karajan - 1980s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002187902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 78
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  David Bell,  José Van Dam,  Barbara Hendricks,  Gösta Winbergh  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Domenico Bartolucci
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    On sale! $259.98
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  • 50.
    Beethoven: The Creatures of Prometheus / Orpheus
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419608 Release Date: 12/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
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1 2 3 ... 240 241

Ludwig van Beethoven


WORKS
1. Allegro con brio
2. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
4. Finale (Allegro molto)
1. Allegro con brio
2. Andante con moto
3. Allegro
4. Allegro
I. Awakening of Cheerful Feelings Upon Arrival in the Country: Allegro ma non troppo
II. Scene by the Brook: Andante molto mosso
III. Merry Gathering of Country Folk: Allegro
IV. Thunderstorm: Allegro
V. Shepherd's Song: Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm: Allegretto
1. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
2. Allegretto
3. Presto - Assai meno presto
4. Allegro con brio
1. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
2. Molto vivace
3. Adagio molto e cantabile
4. Presto
Presto - "O Freunde, nicht diese Töne!" - Allegro assai
Concerto No. 3 in C minor for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 37: I. Allegro con brio
II. Largo
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Rondo. Molto allegro
Concerto No. 5 in E-flat Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 73 "Emperor": I. Allegro
II. Adagio un poco moto
III. Rondo. Allegro
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: First movement: Allegro ma non troppo (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Second movement: Larghetto
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Third movement: Rondo (Allegro) (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 1. Adagio sostenuto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 3. Presto agitato
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 1. Allegro assai
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 3. Allegro ma non troppo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 1. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 2. Adagio cantabile
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 3. Rondo (Allegro)
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei