Ludwig van Beethoven

Biography

Born: 1770, Germany   Died: 1827, Austria   Period: Classical, Romantic
The events of Beethoven's life are the stuff of Romantic legend, evoking images of the solitary creator shaking his fist at Fate and finally overcoming it through a supreme effort of creative will. Born in the small German city of Bonn on or around December 16, 1770, he received his early training from his father and other local musicians. As a teenager, he earned some money as an assistant to his teacher, Christian Gottlob Neefe, then was Read more granted half of his father's salary as court musician from the Electorate of Cologne in order to care for his two younger brothers as his father gave in to alcoholism. Beethoven played viola in various orchestras, becoming friends with other players such as Antoine Reicha, Nikolaus Simrock, and Franz Ries, and began taking on composition commissions. As a member of the court chapel orchestra, he was able to travel some and meet members of the nobility, one of whom, Count Ferdinand Waldstein, would become a great friend and patron to him. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 to study with Haydn; despite the prickliness of their relationship, Haydn's concise humor helped form Beethoven's style. His subsequent teachers in composition were Johann Georg Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1794, he began his career in earnest as a pianist and composer, taking advantage whenever he could of the patronage of others. Around 1800, Beethoven began to notice his gradually encroaching deafness. His growing despondency only intensified his antisocial tendencies. However, the Symphony No. 3, "Eroica," of 1803 began a sustained period of groundbreaking creative triumph. In later years, Beethoven was plagued by personal difficulties, including a series of failed romances and a nasty custody battle over a nephew, Karl. Yet after a long period of comparative compositional inactivity lasting from about 1811 to 1817, his creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. Beethoven's late works, especially the last five of his 16 string quartets and the last four of his 32 piano sonatas, have an ecstatic quality in which many have found a mystical significance. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 26, 1827.
Beethoven's epochal career is often divided into early, middle, and late periods, represented, respectively, by works based on Classic-period models, by revolutionary pieces that expanded the vocabulary of music, and by compositions written in a unique, highly personal musical language incorporating elements of contrapuntal and variation writing while approaching large-scale forms with complete freedom. Though certainly subject to debate, these divisions point to the immense depth and multifariousness of Beethoven's creative personality. Beethoven profoundly transformed every genre he touched, and the music of the nineteenth century seems to grow from his compositions as if from a chrysalis. A formidable pianist, he moved the piano sonata from the drawing room to the concert hall with such ambitious and virtuosic middle-period works as the "Waldstein" (No. 21) and "Appassionata" (No. 23) sonatas. His song cycle An die ferne Geliebte of 1816 set the pattern for similar cycles by all the Romantic song composers, from Schubert to Wolf. The Romantic tradition of descriptive or "program" music began with Beethoven's "Pastoral" Symphony No. 6. Even in the second half of the nineteenth century, Beethoven still directly inspired both conservatives (such as Brahms, who, like Beethoven, fundamentally stayed within the confines of Classical form) and radicals (such as Wagner, who viewed the Ninth Symphony as a harbinger of his own vision of a total art work, integrating vocal and instrumental music with the other arts). In many ways revolutionary, Beethoven's music remains universally appealing because of its characteristic humanism and dramatic power. Read less
Beethoven: Piano Sonatas - Moonlight, Pathetique... / Walter Gieseking
Release Date: 10/17/1995   Label: Emi Seraphim  
Catalog: 69019   Number of Discs: 1
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4 Pleasure - Beethoven: Piano Concertos, Etc / Tan
Release Date: 11/04/2003   Label: Virgin Classics  
Catalog: 62242   Number of Discs: 4
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Beethoven: Symphonies No 8 & 6 / Klaus Tennstedt, London Po
Release Date: 02/12/2008   Label: Emi Classics  
Catalog: 08993   Number of Discs: 1
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Beethoven: Symphony No 9 / Norrington, Et Al
Release Date: 03/29/2005   Label: Virgin Classics  
Catalog: 62490   Number of Discs: 1
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Gemini - Beethoven: Piano Trios No 1, 4, 5 & 7 / Chung Trio
Release Date: 04/24/2007   Label: Emi Classics  
Catalog: 81751   Number of Discs: 2
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Browse 26-50 of 5777 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Simply The Best Classical Anthems
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 550583 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giovanni Bottesini,  Carl Orff,  Gustav Holst,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Alain Lombard,  Zubin Mehta,  Southend Boys' Choir,  London Philharmonic Choir  ... 
    Conductor:  Alain Lombard,  Zubin Mehta,  Sir Andrew Davis,  Daniel Barenboim  ... 
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  • 27.
    Complete Variations on a Waltz by Diabelli by 51 Composers
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94836 Release Date: 06/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Anton Diabelli,  Ignaz Assmayr,  Carl Maria von Bocklet  ... 
    Performer:  Pier Paolo Vincenzi
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  • 28.
    Mariss Jansons Live: The Radio Recordings, 1990-2014 [13-CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 15002 Release Date: 06/30/2015   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Louis Andriessen,  Hector Berlioz,  Anton Bruckner,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Dmitri Sitkovetsky,  Frank Peter Zimmermann,  Ferruccio Furlanetto,  Leo van Doeselaar  ... 
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 29.
    The Parisian Symphony
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 357 Release Date: 06/30/2015   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  André Modeste Grétry,  François Joseph Gossec,  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Joseph Martin Kraus  ... 
    Performer:  Sophie Karthäuser,  Jan de Winne,  Patrick Cohën-Akenine,  François Poly  ... 
    Conductor:  Guy Van Waas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Agrémens
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  • 30.
    Karl Bohm - Late Recordings - Vienna, London, Dresden
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002327602 Release Date: 06/23/2015   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Anton Bruckner,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Jessye Norman,  Placido Domingo,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 31.
    Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra - The Complete Sony Recordings
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88875030622 Release Date: 06/16/2015   Number of Discs: 47
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wilhelm Friedemann Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Heinrich Ignaz Biber  ... 
    Performer:  Jeanne Lamon,  Stephen Marvin,  Christina Mahler,  Ivars Taurins  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeanne Lamon,  Bruno Weil,  Frieder Bernius
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tafelmusik,  Stuttgart Chamber Choir,  Tölz Boys Choir  ... 
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  • 32.
    Beethoven And The Art Of Arrangement
    Label: Omnibus Classics   Catalog: 5007 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble DeNote
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  • 33.
    Beethoven: Diabelli Variations; Sonata
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6276 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Nick Van Bloss
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  • 34.
    Beethoven: Die Violinsonaten, Vol. 3
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 99052 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Thomas Albertus Irnberger,  Michael Korstick
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  • 35.
    Beethoven: Eroica / Konstantin Scherbako
    Label: Twopianists (Label)   Catalog: 1039190 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Konstantin Scherbakov
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  • 36.
    Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Haitink, Bavarian Radio Symphony
    Label: Br Klassik   Catalog: 900130 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Mark Padmore,  Anton Barachovsky,  Elisabeth [Mezzo-soprano Vocal] Kulman,  Hanno Müller-Brachmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus
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  • 37.
    Beethoven: Piano Trios, Vol. 4 / Gould Piano Trio
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 144 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gould Piano Trio
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  • 38.
    Beethoven: Sonatas For Fortepiano And Violin, Vol. 1
    Label: Coro   Catalog: 16138 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Ian Watson,  Susanna Ogata
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  • 39.
    Hermann Prey Edition
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 7202 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Albert Lortzing,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Viktor Nessler,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Hermann [Baritone Vocal] Prey,  Franz Hawlata,  Alfred Kuhn,  Regina Klepper  ... 
    Conductor:  Helmuth Froschauer,  Kurt Wöss,  Heinz Geese
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paul Kuhn Ensemble
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  • 40.
    Live Recordings From The University Of Illinois, 1949
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 7306 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Schubert,  Spoken Word,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Myra Hess
    Conductor:  John Kuypers,  Victor Kolar
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  • 41.
    A Beethoven Odyssey, Vol. 4 / James Brawn
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1468 Release Date: 06/02/2015  
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  James Brawn
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  • 42.
    Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Nos. 28, 30, 31
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 1086 Release Date: 06/02/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
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  • 43.
    Cantante e tranquillo / Keller Quartet
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 002159102 Release Date: 06/02/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  György Ligeti,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  György Kurtág  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Keller String Quartet
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  • 44.
    Itzhak Perlman - Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002298802 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Igor Stravinsky,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Daniel Barenboim,  Myor Rosen  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Daniel Barenboim,  Zubin Mehta,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 45.
    Nobuyuki Tsujii [3-DVD Set]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2061268 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  John Musto,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Nobuyuki Tsujii,  Yuri Vorobiev,  Olga Sergeyeva
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra
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  • 46.
    Re-sound: Beethoven Symphonies 1 & 2
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 470 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Martin Haselböck
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  • 47.
    Yarlung Records: 10th Anniversary
    Label: Yarlung Records   Catalog: 42482 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Diego Ortiz,  Diego Schissi,  Jerome Kern,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Nigel Armstrong,  Petteri Iivonen,  Frederic Rosselet,  Lorraine Hunt Lieberson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Margaret Batjer,  Gerard Schwarz,  Jeffrey Kahane  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ciaramella,  Sophisticated Lady,  Capitol Ensemble  ... 
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  • 48.
    ...and Kristin Wolfe Jensen: UT Bassoons in Collaboration
    Label: Longhorn Music   Catalog: 20150002 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sean Craypo,  Moritz Moszkowski,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Gian Carlo Menotti  ... 
    Performer:  Julia Windle,  David Threatte,  Kristin Wolfe-Jensen,  Rick Rowley  ... 
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  • 49.
    Beethoven: Complete Piano Concertos, Vol. 1 - Piano Concertos Nos. 4 & 5
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72672 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Hannes Minnaar
    Conductor:  Jan W. de Vriend
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Symphony Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Beethoven: Complete String Quartets, Vol 4 / Quartetto Di Cremona
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 92683 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cremona String Quartet
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1 2 3 ... 231 232

Ludwig van Beethoven


WORKS
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 2. Marcia funebre (Adagio assai)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)
Beethoven: Symphony No.3 In E Flat, Op.55 -"Eroica" - 4. Finale (Allegro molto)
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 1. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 3. Allegro
Beethoven: Symphony No.5 In C Minor, Op.67 - 4. Allegro
I. Awakening of Cheerful Feelings Upon Arrival in the Country: Allegro ma non troppo
II. Scene by the Brook: Andante molto mosso
III. Merry Gathering of Country Folk: Allegro
IV. Thunderstorm: Allegro
V. Shepherd's Song: Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm: Allegretto
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 1. Poco sostenuto - Vivace
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 3. Presto - Assai meno presto
Beethoven: Symphony No.7 In A, Op.92 - 4. Allegro con brio
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 1. Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 2. Molto vivace
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 3. Adagio molto e cantabile
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" - 4. Presto
Beethoven: Symphony No.9 In D Minor, Op.125 - "Choral" / 4. - Presto - "O Freunde, nicht diese Töne!" - Allegro assai
Concerto No. 3 in C minor for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 37: I. Allegro con brio
II. Largo
III. Rondo: Allegro
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio
III. Rondo. Molto allegro
Concerto No. 5 in E-flat Major for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 73 "Emperor": I. Allegro
II. Adagio un poco moto
III. Rondo. Allegro
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: First movement: Allegro ma non troppo (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Second movement: Larghetto
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, Op. 61: Third movement: Rondo (Allegro) (Cadenza by Kreisler)
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 1. Adagio sostenuto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 2. Allegretto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.14 In C Sharp Minor, Op.27 No.2 -"Moonlight" - 3. Presto agitato
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 1. Allegro assai
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 2. Andante con moto
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.23 In F Minor, Op.57 -"Appassionata" - 3. Allegro ma non troppo
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 1. Grave - Allegro di molto e con brio
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 2. Adagio cantabile
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.8 In C Minor, Op.13 -"Pathétique" - 3. Rondo (Allegro)
Kyrie
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei