Modest Mussorgsky

Biography

Born: Mar 21, 1839; Russia   Died: Mar 28, 1881; Russia   Period: Romantic
His musical education was erratic, he toiled as a civil servant and wrote music only part-time, influenced few if any of his contemporaries, died early from alcoholism, and left a small body of work. Yet Modest Mussorgsky was a towering figure in nineteenth century Russian music. His works exhibit a daring, raw individuality, a unique sound that well-meaning associates tried to conventionalize and smooth over. He is best known for Night on Bald Read more Mountain (bowdlerized by Rimsky-Korsakov), Pictures at an Exhibition (a difficult piano suite orchestrated by Ravel), and the dark, declamatory opera Boris Godunov (polished by Rimsky-Korsakov) -- bastardized works all, yet each one full of arresting harmonies, disturbing colors, and grim celebrations of Russian nationalism.
Mussorgsky died in poverty, but he was born to a wealthy landowning family. Under his mother's tutelage, he developed a facility at the piano, but entered a cadet school in preparation for a military career. He joined a choir and discovered Russian church music, which would profoundly influence his later work.
Upon graduation in 1856, Mussorgsky entered the Russian Imperial Guard. That year he started to socialize with the composers Dargomizhsky and Cui, and through them Balakirev, with whom he began composition lessons. During this period he wrote small piano pieces and songs, and after an emotional crisis in 1858 resigned his commission with the intention of composing full-time. He began to go his own way as a composer in 1861, but was preoccupied helping to manage his family's estate. The decline in his family's fortunes led him to accept low-level civil service positions. He joined a commune with other intellectuals and became a proponent of musical Realism, applying the style to his songs. He had difficulty finishing works in larger formats, but his music circulated widely enough that by the late 1860s he was cast with Balakirev, Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov, and Borodin as part of Russia's "Mighty Handful."
Mussorgsky toiled many years at his masterpiece, Boris Godunov, which reflected in music the inflections of Russian speech and met with great success in 1874. That year he also produced his innovative piano suite Pictures at an Exhibition. Yet his heavy drinking led to his dismissal from government service in 1880. Friends offered some financial help and Mussorgsky occasionally accompanied singers at the piano, but his finances and mental state quickly deteriorated. He died in 1881, leaving it to posterity to sort through and complete his unfinished works of unruly genius. Read less
Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition; Schumann: Fantasie / Paul Lewis
Release Date: 01/13/2015   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902096   Number of Discs: 1
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Mussorgsky: The Marriage; The Nursery / Rozhdestvensky, Moscow Philharmonic
Release Date: 05/14/2013   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: 1001735   Number of Discs: 1
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Mussorgsky: Boris Godunov / Karajan, Ghiaurov, Borg
Release Date: 10/20/1998   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1170   Number of Discs: 3
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Mussorgsky: Khovanshchina / Leskovich, Ghiaurov, Et Al
Release Date: 05/23/2000   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1247   Number of Discs: 3
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Mussorgsky: Boris Godunov / Golovanov, Pirogov, Kozlovsky
Release Date: 10/01/2002   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1363   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Khovanshchina: Dawn on the Moscow River

Browse 51-58 of 58 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Mussorgsky: Night On Bare Mountain, Etc / Abbado, Berlin Po
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62034 Release Date: 09/02/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky
    Performer:  Anatoly Kotcherga,  Marianna Tarasova
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus,  South Tirol Children's Choir
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  • 52.
    Heaven And Hell - Macal Conducts Mussorgsky / New Jersey
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3217 Release Date: 05/22/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky
    Performer:  Clayton Brainerd
    Conductor:  Zdenek Macal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Westminster Choir,  New Jersey Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 53.
    Borodin & Mussorgsky: Orchestral Works
    Label: Vox   Catalog: 7208 Release Date: 02/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Alexander Borodin
    Conductor:  Leonard Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 54.
    The Tsar - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 62683 Release Date: 10/29/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Anonymous,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Jennie Tourel,  Allen Rogers,  Gary Karr
    Conductor:  Andre Kostelanetz,  Claudio Abbado,  Eugene Ormandy,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 55.
    Inner Peace - Classics For The Spirit
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 61977 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gustav Holst,  Samuel Barber,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Oleg Malov,  Natalya Taldykina,  Nodar Gabunia,  Alexander Kiskachin  ... 
    Conductor:  Alexander Titov,  Vato Kahi,  Jahni Mardjani,  Stanislav Gorkovenko  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg New Classical Orchestra,  Georgian Festival Orchestra,  Georgian Festival Chorus  ... 
    CD: $4.99
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  • 56.
    Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition, Etc
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57233 Release Date: 10/04/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky
    Conductor:  Jahni Mardjani
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Georgian Festival Orchestra
    CD: $4.99
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  • 57.
    Light Classics Volume 2 - Puccini, Offenbach, Mussorgsky
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 108 Release Date: 02/17/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Ronald Binge,  Dmitri Kabalevsky,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  David Sellers
    Conductor:  Charles Gerhardt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Pops,  London Proms Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 58.
    Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition / Levi, Atlanta So
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80296 Release Date: 09/13/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky
    Conductor:  Yoel Levi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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Modest Mussorgsky


WORKS
Pictures at an Exhibition: Promenade
The Gnome
Promenade
Il vecchio castello
Promenade
Tuileries
Bydlo
Promenade
Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks
Samuel Goldenberg and Schmuyle
Promenade
Limoges -- The Market
Catacombs (Sepulchrum romanum)
Con mortuis in lingua mortua
The Hut on Fowl's Legs
The Great Gate at Kiev
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - Promenade
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - Gnomus
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - Promenade
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - The Old Castle
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - Promenade
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - The Tuileries Gardens
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - Bydlo
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - Promenade
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - Ballet Of The Chickens In Their Shells
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - Samuel Goldenberg And Schmuyle
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - The Marketplace At Limoges
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - The Catacombs (Sepulchrum romanum)
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - Cum mortuis in lingua mortua
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - The Hut On Fowl's Legs (Baba-Yaga)
Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition - The Great Gate Of Kiev
Prologue, Scene 1, Introduction
Prologue, Scene 1: "Well then, what's wrong with you?"
Prologue, Scene 1: "Who are you adandoning us to"
Prologue, Scene 1: "Who are you adandoning us to"
Prologue, Scene 1: "True believers! The boyar is implacable."
Prologue, Scene 1: "Glory to Thee, Creator on high"
Prologue, Scene 1: "Did you hear what the holy pilgrims said?"
Prologue, Scene 2, Introduction
Prologue, Scene 2: "Long live Tsar Boris Fyodorovich!"
Prologue, Scene : "My soul is sad"
Prologue, Scene 2: "Glory!"
Act I, Scene 1, Introduction
Act I, Scene 1: "Just one final story"
Act I, Scene 1: "O Lord, strong and righteous"
Act I, Scene 1: "Do not complain, brother"
Act I, Scene 1: "For alLong time, honoured father"
Act I, Scene 1: "I arrived at night"
Act I, Scene 1: "How old was the murdered Tsarevich?"
Act 1, Scene 1: "They are ringing for matins"
Act I, Scene 2: Introduction
Act I, Scene 2: "I caught a grey drake"
Act I, Scene 2: "Give me some fun"
Act I, Scene 2, "Why are you so pensive, comrade?"
Act I, Scene 2: "Here's what happened at the town of Kazan"
Act I, Scene 2: "Why don't you sing along?"
Act I, Scene 2: "We are humble elders, honest monks"
Act I, Scene 2: "What are you staring at me like that for"
Act I, Scene 2: "And his age... and his age..."
Act II: "Where are you, my Betrothed"
Act II: "Oh, that's enough, Princess, my dear!"
Act II: "A gnat was chopping wood"
Act II: "My little tale is about this and that"
Act II: "What's the matter? Has a wild beast surprised a sitting hen?"
Act II: "I have achieved absolute power"
Act II: "Hey, Pss!"
Act II: "Our little parrot was with the Nannies"
Act II: "Ah, it's you, glorious orator"
Act II: "In Uglich, in the cathedral, in front of all the people"
Act II: "Phew! I feel terrible! Let me catch my breath"
Act III, Scene 1: "By the sky-blue waters of the vistula, under a shady willow"
Act III, Scene 1: "Enough! The beautiful lady is grateful"
Act III, Scene 1: "Marina is bored. Oh, how bored!"
Act III, Scene 1: "Ah! Oh, it's you, my father"
Act III, Scene 1: "With tender, ardent words of love"
Act III, Scene 1: "What? You impudent liar!"
Act III, Scene 2: "At midnight, in the garden, by the fountain"
Act III, Scene 2:"Tsarevich!"
Act III, Scene 2:"Can a humble and sinful man, praying for his dear ones"
Act III, Scene 2:"Tsarevich, hide!"
Act III, Scene 2: Polonaise - "I do not believe in your passion, sir"
Act III, Scene 2:"That crafty Jesuit, he has got me firmly in the grip"
Act III, Scene 2: "How long and agonizing"
Act III, Scene 2: "Oh, Tsarevich, I beg you"
Act III, Scene 2:"Oh, my turtledoves!"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1869 Version): Introduction
Act IV, Scene 1 (1869 Version): "What, is Mass Finished Already?"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1869 Version): "Trrr, trrr - Iron cap"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1869 Version): "Aaah! Boris"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1874 Version): Introduction
Act IV, Scene 1 (1874 Version):"Exalted boyars!"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1874 Version):"Well, then? Let's go and vote, Boyars"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1874 Version):"What a shame that prince Shuisky isn't here"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1874 Version):"He was whispering: keep away, keep away"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1874 Version):"Here, by the front entrance"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1874 Version): "A Humble Monk"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1874 Version): "Once, in the Evening"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1874 Version):"The Tsarevich - Quickly!"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1874 Version):"Farewell, My Son!"
Act IV, Scene 1 (1874 Version):"A bell! A Funeral Knell!"
Act IV, Scene 2 (1874 Version): Introduction
Act IV, Scene 2 (1874 Version):"Bring Him Over Here!" (Tramps)
Act IV, Scene 2 (1874 Version): "It's Not a Falcon Flying in the Heavens" (Tramps)
Act IV, Scene 2 (1874 Version): "The sun and moon have grown dark"
Act IV, Scene 2 (1874 Version): "Hey Ho!"
Act IV, Scene 2 (1874 Version): "Domine, Domine, salvum fac"
Act IV, Scene 2 (1874 Version): March - "Glory to You, Tsarevich"
Act IV, Scene 2 (1874 Version): "We, Dimitri Ivanovich"
Act IV, Scene 2 (1874 Version): "Flow, Flow, Bitter Tears"
I. Lullaby
II. Serenade
III. Trepak
IV. The Warrior