Arnold Bax

Biography

Born: November 8, 1883; England   Died: October 3, 1953; Ireland  
Born of cultured and wealthy parents, Bax was insulated from the loss of direction that many composers felt during, and immediately after, the First World War. For him the prewar world of Debussy, Ravel, and Stravinsky was still alive in all its myth and mystery. He described himself as "a brazen romantic," and in many respects could be considered the last of the European post-Romantic school of composers.
During his five years
Read more at the Royal Academy of Music, Bax was deeply impressed by the poetry of W.B. Yeats, founder of the Irish National Theater, an influence that led to a close association with Celtic culture and legend for the rest of his life. He wrote poetry under the pseudonym Dermot O'Byrne, and assisted his brother, the playwright and critic Clifford Bax, in editing a magazine called Orpheus, dedicated to the mystical arts.
His first mature work, In the Fairy Hills, is typical of the fantastic and exotic nature of his orchestral writing, chromatic and opulent, with a broad melodic sweep and luminous harmonies. The Garden of Fand (1916), an imaginative evocation of an ancient legend of sea gods and goddesses, is similarly impressionistic, though less naturalistic, than Debussy's La Mer. Tintagel, a tone poem inspired by traditional English stories of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table was composed in 1919 after a holiday in Cornwall and quickly became Bax's most frequently performed work.
Living in the shadow of composers of the stature of Elgar and Vaughan Williams, Bax received little public recognition until late in life. Up to the late 1930s, his songs, choral works, and chamber music were rarely heard, and, had it not been for a broadening of his style and the championship of Sir Adrian Boult, conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra, Bax would probably be remembered, if at all, for his comparatively youthful works. Even in the 1960s the English music critic Burnett James was moved to call this neglect "myopic and moronic."
On a visit to Scandinavia in 1932, Bax met Sibelius and the two composers became friends; while Sibelius' influence is not obvious in Bax's symphonic style, he is clearly indebted to the Finnish master in his tone poems "Winter Legends" and "The tale the pine trees knew."
The symphony, a form to which he turned again and again between 1922 and 1939, provided an outlet for a more taut, structured and contrapuntal approach that nevertheless retains elements of fantasy and mysticism. Symphonies 1 and 3 were recorded in his lifetime, and for many years, the Symphony No. 3, with its exotic, colourful melodic lines and rich orchestration, remained popular with British orchestras as well as an occasional international performance. Symphony No. 5 is dedicated to Sibelius and No. 6 contains a brief quote from Sibelius' tone poem Tapiola.
Bax did not take well to approaching old age. He became withdrawn and dependent on alcohol. In 1943, he wrote a bitterly nostalgic memoir of his earlier years titled "Farewell, My Youth" (edited by Lewis Foreman; Scolar [sic] Press (Now Ashgate); 1992). In 1942, he was appointed Master of the Kings' Music and received a knighthood. His last work, written to celebrate Queen Elizabeth II's coronation in 1953, is a set of madrigals called "What is it like to be young and fair?" He died while on holiday in Cork, Ireland. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 177 Available Recordings
1 2 ... 7 8
  • 1.
    Decca Sound: Mono Years, 1944-1956
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002280602 Release Date: 04/07/2015   Number of Discs: 53
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Maurice Ravel,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus,  Clifford Curzon,  Alfredo Campoli,  Henry Datyner  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  Ataulfo Argenta,  Roger Desormière,  Karl Münchinger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Paris Conservatoire Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
    On sale! $199.98
    CD: $149.99
    Advance Order
    On sale!   $199.98   CD:  $149.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 2.
    Nocturnes / Charlesworth, Herchenroder
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 355 Release Date: 02/24/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Ivor Gurney,  Franz Schubert,  Henri Duparc  ... 
    Performer:  Stephen Charlesworth,  Edwige Herchenroder
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 3.
    Bax: Orchestral Works  / Andrew Davis, Bbc Philharmonic
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10829 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arnold Bax
    Performer:  Philip Dukes
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 4.
    The Great Recordings / Malcolm Sargent [18-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 634121 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 18
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Sir William Walton,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Lewis,  John [baritone (50s)] Cameron,  James Milligan,  Duncan Robertson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Huddersfield Choral Society,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $64.49
    In Stock
    CD:  $64.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 5.
    The Sea In Music
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578269 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Arnold Bax,  Frank Bridge,  Claude Debussy,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Sarah Connolly,  István Kassai,  François-Joël Thiollier
    Conductor:  David Lloyd-Jones,  James Judd,  Jun Märkl,  Simon Wright  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra,  New Zealand Symphony Orchestra,  Lyon National Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $25.49
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $25.49 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $15.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 6.
    Bax: Symphony In F / Yates, Royal Scottish National Orchestra
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 7308 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arnold Bax
    Conductor:  Martin Yates
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
    On sale! $25.98
    CD: $21.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $25.98   CD:  $21.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 7.
    Bartlett & Robertson: Selected Recordings 1927-1947
    Label: Apr   Catalog: 6012 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ethel Bartlett,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Robert Schumann,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Rae Robertson,  Ethel Bartlett
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    On sale! $21.98
    CD: $19.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $21.98   CD:  $19.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 8.
    British Works for Cello and Piano, Vol. 2 / Paul Watkins, Huw Watkins
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10792 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  York Bowen,  Arnold Bax,  John Ireland
    Performer:  Paul Watkins,  Huw Watkins
    Recommendation
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 9.
    Arnold Bax: Works For Cello & Piano
    Label: Sleeveless   Catalog: 1007 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arnold Bax
    Performer:  Lionel Handy,  Nigel Clayton
    Recommendation
    On sale! $21.98
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $21.98   CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 10.
    Piano Quartets: Bridge, Bax, Wilson, Walton
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6230 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ian Wilson,  Sir William Walton,  Arnold Bax,  Frank Bridge
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cappa Ensemble
    On sale! $17.98
    CD: $15.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $17.98   CD:  $15.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 11.
    Label: Delphian   Catalog: 34104 Release Date: 08/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  William Henry Harris,  Thomas Tallis,  Percy Whitlock  ... 
    Performer:  Sam Dressel,  Nick Lee,  Annie Lydford,  Philip [Tenor Vocal] Kennedy  ... 
    Conductor:  Geoffrey Webber
    On sale! $21.98
    CD: $19.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $21.98   CD:  $19.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 12.
    Takemitsu, Matalon, Debussy, Ravel, Satie, Bax
    Label: Maguelone   Catalog: 111149 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Toru Takemitsu,  Erik Satie,  Claude Debussy,  Martin Matalon  ... 
    Performer:  Clara Novakova,  Nicolas Tulliez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Trio Nobis
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 13.
    Bax, Bliss, Vaughan Williams: Sonatas, Suite For Viola And Piano / Euler, Rivinus
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9031796 Release Date: 04/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Arthur Bliss,  Arnold Bax,  Ralph Vaughan Williams
    Performer:  Christian Euler,  Paul Rivinius
    CD: $20.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $20.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 14.
    Viola Sonatas, Idylls & Bacchanals
    Label: Em Records   Catalog: 7 Release Date: 02/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Arnold Bax,  John McEwen,  Dame Elizabeth Maconchy,  Gordon Jacob  ... 
    Performer:  Louise Williams,  David Owen Norris
    Recommendation
    On sale! $37.98
    CD: $33.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $37.98   CD:  $33.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 15.
    Icon - John McCormack [4-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 827642 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  James L. Molloy,  Traditional,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Arnold Bax  ... 
    Performer:  John McCormack,  Gerald Moore,  Nellie Melba,  Edna Thornton  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Collingwood,  Walter Goehr
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    CD: $35.49
    In Stock
    CD:  $35.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 16.
    Bax: Phantasy; Vaughan Williams, Holland, Harvey / Chase, Bell, BBC Concert Orchestra
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 7295 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arnold Bax,  Theodore Holland,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Richard Harvey
    Performer:  Roger Chase
    Conductor:  Stephen Bell,  Richard Harvey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Concert Orchestra
    On sale! $25.98
    CD: $21.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $25.98   CD:  $21.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 17.
    English Choral Music
    Label: Heritage   Catalog: 213 Release Date: 07/17/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Tippett,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Lennox Berkeley,  Herbert Howells  ... 
    Performer:  Rachel Elliott,  Hester [Soprano Vocal] Gomme,  Ruth Morris,  Tanya Wicks  ... 
    CD: $12.49
    In Stock
    CD:  $12.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 18.
    Label: Heritage   Catalog: 233 Release Date: 07/17/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Holst,  Arnold Bax
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    CD: $12.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $12.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 19.
    Harriet Cohen - Complete Solo Studio Recordings
    Label: Apr   Catalog: 7304 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Hubert Bath,  Arnold Bax  ... 
    Performer:  Harriet Cohen
    Conductor:  Sir Henry Wood,  Walter Susskind,  Hubert Bath,  Muir Mathieson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    Recommendation
    On sale! $45.98
    CD: $38.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $45.98   CD:  $38.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 20.
    Terzetti / The Debussy Ensemble
    Label: Divine Art   Catalog: 25099 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arnold Bax,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  William Mathias  ... 
    Performer:  Susan Milan,  Matthew Jones,  Ieuan Jones
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Debussy Ensemble
    Recommendation
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 21.
    The Thurston Connection - English Music For Clarinet And Piano / Cox, Buckle
    Label: British Music Society   Catalog: 440 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arnold Bax,  Roger Fiske,  Iain Hamilton,  Hugh Wood  ... 
    Performer:  Ian Buckle,  Nicholas Cox
    Recommendation
    CD: $18.99
    Low Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 22.
    Delius And His Circle / Paul Guinery
    Label: Stone Records   Catalog: 8013 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Cyril Scott,  Arnold Bax,  Frederic Austin,  Frederick Delius  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Guinery
    Recommendation
    On sale! $18.98
    CD: $16.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    On sale!   $18.98   CD:  $16.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 23.
    British Clarinet Sonatas / Collins, McHale
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10704 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Ireland,  Charles Villiers Stanford,  Sir Arthur Bliss,  Arnold Bax  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Collins,  Michael McHale
    Recommendation
    CD: $18.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $18.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 24.
    My First Lullaby Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578213 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Igor Stravinsky,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Idil Biret,  Einar Steen-Nökleberg,  Stefan Veselka  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Breiner,  Anthony Bramall,  Alexander Rahbari,  Keith Clark  ... 
    CD: $12.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $12.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $7.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 25.
    English Clarinet Sonatas / Anna Czaicka, Dawid Jarzynski
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 798 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Ireland,  Arnold Bax,  Joseph Horovitz,  Herbert Howells  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Czaicka,  Dawid Jarzynski
    CD: $19.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $19.99 Add CD to Cart

1 2 ... 7 8

Arnold Bax


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Lento moderato - Allegro moderato - Allegro feroce - Lento moderato - Allegro moderato - Piu lento - Allegro
II. Lento
II. Moderato - Epilogue: Poco lento
WORKS
I. Elegy: Lento poco ad libitum
II. Scherzo: Allegro - Allegretto semplice
III. Lento
IV. Allegro ma non troppo, brillante
I. Allegro moderato
II. Moderato tranquillo
III. Rondo: Allegro moderato
I. Allegro moderato
II. Nocturne: Lento - Andante con moto
III. Molto vivace
I. Overture, Ballad and Scherzo: Allegro risoluto - Allegro moderato - Poco largamente
II. Adagio
III. Allegro - Slow valse tempo - Andante con moto
I. Prelude, Act I
IV. Prelude, Act II: Scene 1: Pavane
VII. Prelude: Act II: Scene 2
VIII. Prelude, Act III: Scene 1
IX. Prelude, Act III: Scene 2
X. Mary Stuart's Prayer
Allegro risoluto
Lento espressivo
Rondo
No. 1 Aufblick
No. 2. Liebesode
I. Meditation: Molto moderato
II. Scherzo: Allegro
Prelude: Lento moderato
The Storm: Con vivo
Oliver's birth: Molto moderato
Picking oakum: Poco lento
Oliver asks for more: Allegro moderato e feroce -
Mr. Bumble's March: Pomposo - Vivace
Oliver sent to bed among the coffins: Moderato
Oliver as funeral mute: Molto energico -
Death of Mrs. Thingummy: Lento
The Fight: Allegro
Oliver's sleepless night: Andante -
Oliver's flight to London: Poco allegretto
Oliver meets the Artful Dodger: Allegro moderato
Fagin's romp: Allegro con vivacita
Oliver's pickpocketing lesson -
Pickpocketing: Allegretto semplice -
The Chase: Allegro vivace
Oliver faints in court: Tempo rubato -
Comic panic: Allegro
Oliver at Mr. Brownlow's house: Poco lento
Oliver at play: Poco lento - Allegretto semplice
The Portrait -
Oliver's abduction: Lento
Mr. Brownlow's grief: Lento -
Nancy's hysterical outburst: Allegro moderato - Andante
Nancy's flight in the rain to meet Mr. Brownlow: Moderato
Dawn after the Murder: Moderato sereno - Bill Sikes' reverie: Poco lento
Wanted for Murder: Moderato - Lento
Finale [original]: Moderato brillante
Finale [alternative]: Moderato brillante
Overture
Elegy
Rondo
I. Poco lento. Largamente
II. Lento semplice
III. Allegro vivace
I. Pensive Twilight
II. Dance in the Sun
III. From the Mountains of Home (In the Hills of Home)
IV. The Dance of Wild Irravel
I. Allegretto semplice
II. Lento e molto expressivo
III. Rondo: Allegro vivace
I. Allegro - Tempo vivace
II. Lento molto espressivo - Poco allegro
III. Allegro vivace - Lento
I. Allegro
II. Poco lento
III. Scherzo and Trio
IV. Allegro
I. Tempo moderato
II. Tranquillo
III. Tempo primo
I. Tempo molto moderato - Allegro moderato
II. Lento espressivo
III. Allegro giocoso
Gopak
II. Nocturne
III. In a Vodka Shop
I. Molto moderato - Allegro
II. Tempo primo
III. Allegro
I. Molto moderato (quasi andante) - Allegretto scherzando (ma non troppo presto)
II. Lento espressivo
III. Vivace e feroce (ma non troppo presto)
Moderato. Tempo vaccilando
Poco lento
Molto vivace ma non troppo - Epilogue
I. Molto moderato
II. Vivace
I. Molto moderato - Allegro
II. Allegro energico e non troppo presto
III. Molto lento
I. Molto moderato
II. Allegro
I. Moderato tempo
II. Allegro vivace - poco piu lento
III. Moderato tempo - Smooth and Serene
II. Slow and Sombre (original movement)
III. Allegro molto vivace (original movement)
I. Slow and gloomy
II. The Grey Dancer in the Twilight
III. Very broad and concentrated, but extremely expressive
IV. Allegro feroce
I. Moderato
II. Allegro molto
Allegro risoluto
Andante
Moderato
I. In the Forest before Dawn
II. Daybreak and Sunrise
III. Full Day
IV. Woodland Love - Romance
V. Maenads
Part II: Variation 4, "The Temple": Slow and solemn
Part II: Variation 5, "Play": Scherzo: Allegretto vivace
Part II: Intermezzo, "Enchantment": Very moderate tempo
Part II: Variation 6, "Triumph": Moderate tempo: Glowing and passionate
I. Allegro moderato e feroce
II. Lento solenne
III. Allegro maestoso - Allegro vivace ma non troppo presto - Tempo di marcia trionfale
I. Molto moderato - Allegro moderato
II. Andante
III. Poco largamente - Allegro feroce - Molto largamente
I. Lento moderato - Allegro moderato - Allegro feroce - Lento moderato - Allegro moderato - Piu lento - Allegro
II. Lento
II. Moderato - Epilogue: Poco lento
I. Allegro moderato
II. Lento moderato
III. Allegro
I. Poco lento - Allegro con fuoco
II. Poco lento
III. Poco moderato
I. Moderato - Allegro con fuoco
II. Lento, molto espressivo
III. Introduction - Scherzo and Trio - Epilogue
I. Allegro
II. Lento - In Legendary Mood: Piu mosso - Tempo I
III. Theme and Variations: Allegro - Andante - Vivace - Epilogue
I. Molto moderato - Allegro moderato
II. Andante
III. Poco largamente - Allegro feroce - Molto largamente
No. 1. Gypsy Song
No. 2. The Well of Tears
No. 3. Misconception
No. 4. My Girdle I Hung on a Tree-top Tall
No. 5. Spinning Song
Part I: Overture -
Part I: Entry of Karissima -
Part I: Karissima Plays Golf -
Part I: Karissima and Lady Vere -
Part I: The Walking Lesson -
Part I: Lord Vere Tells His Mother of His Love for Karissima -
Part I: Karissima Appeals for Love -
Part I: Karissima Droops Pathetically -
Part I: Karissima's Dance of Joy -
Part I: The Wedding Ceremony -
Part I: Dance: Corps de ballet -
Part I: The Wedding Service -
Part I: A Wild Night - The Maestro -
Part I: The Clock Strikes Twelve -
Part I: Lord Vere Pleads for a Child -
Part I: Karissima and Lord Vere Go Off in Gay Delight
Part II: Dance of Motherhood -
Part II: The Funeral of Karissima ?
Part II: Child's Dance -
Part II: Karissima's Farewell -
Part II: Finale: Allegro vivace
Threnody: Poco lento
Scherzo: Allegro
I. Allegro con brio
II. Adagio (alla breve) con moto
III. Tempo moderato e molto ritmico
I. Allegro
II. Lento, molto espressivo
III. Molto moderato - Allegro molto
III. Epilogue: Molto cantabile