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Enrico Mainardi

Biography

Born: May 19, 1897; Milan, Italy   Died: April 10, 1976; Munich, Germany  
Enrico Mainardi's talents were nurtured from an early age. He was given a small cello at the age of three, had his initial lessons a year later, and made his recital debut at the age of eight, playing a Beethoven sonata. His father put him into the bruising life of a touring child prodigy at that point, touring Europe. When he appeared in Bologna, his accompanist was the esteemed Italian composer Ottorino Respighi. He debuted in London at the age Read more of 13 at a Promenade Concert conducted by Sir Henry Wood.

One of the most important of his early appearances was at the Bach-Reger Festival in Heidelberg, where he astonished the audience with his playing of the Cello Suite in C major by Bach. He was 16 at the time.

The outbreak of World War I made it impossible for Mainardi to continue touring. He set the instrument aside and took ordinary school studies; four years later, he took up the instrument again. His training had begun at such an early age that it was all a matter of instinct and muscle memory. He found that he had essentially forgotten how to play at a decent level and could no longer create a beautiful tone.

He entered the Academia di Santa Cecilia in Rome to study composition and piano. Disgusted by his lack of competence at cello, he did not attempt to study it until 1924. At that time, he went to Berlin to study with one of the leading teachers of the day, Hugo Becker. He had to re-learn, on an understanding, conscious level, what he had absorbed by instinct as a child.

He was able to re-establish his concert career and this time he added performance in chamber music to his activities. He made notable solo appearances in recital and with the leading orchestras and conductors. In 1933, he was appointed professor of cello at Santa Cecilia and in 1941, succeeded his teacher Becker at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin on the latter's death.

It took him a while to re-establish his career internationally after World War II. He became especially known for his chamber music performances. He extended his fame in Germany through much of the rest of Europe, though he did not become popular in France or England. However, even in those countries he was recognized as one of the great teachers of the instrument.

He had particular insight, not surprisingly, in the problems faced by talented youngsters who had to consciously learn what they had been taught as children. He was especially adept at recognizing and curing technical problems brought on by bad habits that his pupils had picked up in their younger years.

He did not normally prescribe bowings or fingerings for any particular pieces to his students. Instead, he preferred to teach them principals of fingering and how they related to particular issues in interpretation. He insisted that his pupils learn the entire score for whatever pieces they were playing, not just their own part. This included knowing what all the instruments of the orchestra were doing at any given moment in a concerto. His pupil Joan Dickson (who credits Mainardi with having saved her musical career when it was stalling at age 27) said he taught his students to recognize that proper phrasing is ruled by the harmonic progressions of a composition.

Mainardi was a charismatic performer with very handsome looks and a flair for dressing well. He said he chose his clothing for a concert with a view to what was appropriate for the particular music. Despite this, he did not indulge in platform histrionics to showcase the music or its particular difficulties. His repertoire was especially known for its high quality and intellectual content. Thus, he became known as a reserved performer lacking showmanship, which was, by all accounts, at odds with his off-stage personality. Consequently, he went into history as a musician's musician, rather than a crowd-pleasing one. Read less
Browse 1-16 of 16 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002037802 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Reitz,  Enrico Mainardi,  Philipp Haass,  Oswald Uhl  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 2.
    Georg Kulenkampff - Concerto Recordings Vol. 5
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2094 Release Date: 08/09/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Johannes Brahms,  Max Reger
    Performer:  Georg Kulenkampff,  Enrico Mainardi
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Edwin Fischer Plays Mozart, Beethoven, Schumann & Brahms
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 823104 Release Date: 02/22/2011   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Enrico Mainardi,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan
    CD: $74.49
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  • 4.
    Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms: Cello Sonatas / Enrico Mainardi, Carlo Zecchi
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 822101 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi,  Carlo Zecchi
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  • 5.
    Early Concerto Recordings (1934-1943)
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459002 Release Date: 07/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Samuel Dushkin,  Tibor de Machula,  Elly Ney,  Enrico Mainardi  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky,  Max Fiedler,  Paul Van Kempen,  Armas Järnefelt  ... 
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  • 6.
    Georg Kulenkampff Plays Brahms / Mainardi, Schuricht, Et Al
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9795 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Georg Kulenkampff,  Enrico Mainardi
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 7.
    Legendary Treasures - Enrico Mainardi Vol 1
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7926 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi,  Carlo Zecchi
    On sale! $59.98
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  • 8.
    Carl Schuricht Collection - Historical Recordings 1950-1966
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93140 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Richard Wagner,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Barry McDaniel,  Clara Haskil,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf  ... 
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Stuttgart Southwest German Radio Vocal Ensemble,  Hessian Radio Chorus Frankfurt  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 9.
    Haydn: Symphonies No 95 & 100, Cello Concerto / Schuricht
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93150 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 10.
    Beethoven: Piano Trios / E. Fischer, Schneiderhan, Mainardi
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 593021 Release Date: 01/28/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Enrico Mainardi,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan
    CD: $19.99
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  • 11.
    Carl Schuricht - Unissued Recordings From The Archives
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1094 Release Date: 10/23/2001   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Christian Bach,  Richard Wagner,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $44.49
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  • 12.
    Bach: Sonate D-dur Bwv 1028;  Reger / Mainardi, Et Al
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 418971 Release Date: 09/16/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Reger,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Carl Seemann,  Enrico Mainardi,  Carlo Zecchi
    CD: $19.99
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  • 13.
    Wilhelm Furtwängler At The Lucerne Festival 1947-53
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1018 Release Date: 04/21/1998   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Adrian Aeschbacher
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Bach: Cello Suites / Enrico Mainardi
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 360941 Release Date: 11/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi
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  • 15.
    Mozart, Brahms, Schubert / Karl Böhm, Vienna Po
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 359941 Release Date: 11/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 16.
    Hindemith: Cellokonzert & Symphonische Tanze / Jochum, Mainardi
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 272921 Release Date: 04/03/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith
    Performer:  Enrico Mainardi
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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