Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No 7 / Dudamel, Simon Bolivar SO
Release Date: 10/07/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002155002   Number of Discs: 1
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James Levine Conducts Mahler: Symphonies No 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 & 10
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 7686092   Number of Discs: 10
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Mahler: Symphony No 4; Berg: 7 Early Songs / Bonney, Chailly
Release Date: 12/06/1999   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 466720   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Lieder / Bernarda Fink
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902173   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Bruno Walter, Vienna Philharmonic
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Andromeda  
Catalog: 5041   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Symphony no 5 in C sharp minor: 4th movement, Adagietto

Browse 76-100 of 145 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Lovers' Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000615202 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Maurice Hasson,  Henryk Szeryng,  Marisa Robles  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly,  Bernard Haitink,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Charles Dutoit  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 77.
    The Very Best Of Adagio / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000583002 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Wagner,  Georges Bizet,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Vienne 1900
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5039 Release Date: 01/17/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Alban Berg  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre-Laurent Aimard,  Anne Gastinel,  Dawn Upshaw,  Stefan Litwin  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Amaury Du Closel,  Alain Lombard,  Laurence Equilbey  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Orchestra d'Ile de France,  Arditti String Quartet,  Danish String Quartet  ... 
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  • 79.
    Great Symphonies - The Highlights / Various
    Label: Delta Records   Catalog: 1198370 Release Date: 12/06/2005  
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Alison Hargan,  Kolos Kováts,  Ute Walther,  Eberhard Büchner
    Conductor:  Herbert Kegel,  János Ferencsik,  Hans Graf,  Sandor Végh  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra,  Hungarian State Orchestra,  Salzburg Mozarteum Orchestra  ... 
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  • 80.
    Schubert: Der Tod Und Das Mädchen; Mahler / Kofman
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6031315 Release Date: 11/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Ute Blaumer
    Conductor:  Roman Kofman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kiev Chamber Orchestra
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  • 81.
    The Relaxing Classics You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97008 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Charles Gounod,  Pietro Mascagni,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    CD: $3.99
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  • 82.
    The Symphonies You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97006 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    CD: $3.99
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  • 83.
    Radiance - Music For Breakfast In Bed
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17530 Release Date: 07/12/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Niccolò Paganini,  Fernando Sor,  Antonín Dvorák,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 84.
    Weekend Classics - Weekend Favourites
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000448502 Release Date: 06/14/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Pietro Mascagni,  Erik Satie,  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ... 
    Performer:  Christer Thorvaldsson,  Barbara Bonney,  Leo Winland,  Pavel Gililov  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi,  Seiji Ozawa,  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra,  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 85.
    Bear Essentials - Classics For Funerals
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 2418 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Maurice Ravel,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Louis Lortie,  Emma Kirkby,  Philip Kenyon,  Yvonne Kenny  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox,  Neeme Järvi,  Andrew Parrott,  George Guest  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 86.
    Turner, Whistler, Monet - Debussy, Mahler, Et Al
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5003 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Frederick Delius,  Claude Debussy,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Van Reeth,  Huseyin Sermet,  Jos van Immerseel,  Sandrine Piau  ... 
    Conductor:  Yoav Talmi,  David Lloyd-Jones,  Alexander Rahbari,  Yevgeny Svetlanov
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  • 87.
    Funeral Music
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 82046 Release Date: 02/01/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gabriel Fauré,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Marcos Fink,  Elisabeth Graf,  Jeffrey Francis,  Efrat Ben Nun  ... 
    Conductor:  David Hill,  Roger Norrington,  Michel Corboz,  Paul Tortelier  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Winchester Cathedral Choir,  London Classical Players,  Lausanne Instrumental Ensemble  ... 
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  • 88.
    Classical Love
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17452 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  César Franck,  Jules Massenet,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Edouard Lalo  ... 
    Performer:  Chee-Yun,  Jean-Jacques Kantorow,  Hélène Grimaud
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Zurich Baroque Strings,  Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 89.
    Remasterpiece / Chris Coco, Sacha Puttnam
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 57873 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Carl Orff,  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Sacha Puttnam,  Chris Coco
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  • 90.
    Price - Christmas With Leontyne Price / Montreal Symphony
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4302 Release Date: 11/30/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Xaver Gruber,  Traditional,  George Frideric Handel,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Leontyne Price
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
    DVD: $23.99
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  • 91.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Walter, Thorborg, Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2049 Release Date: 08/31/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Charles Kullman,  Kerstin Thorborg
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Swr Music Highlights
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93158 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Jacob Weinberg,  Mauricio Kagel,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Jascha Nemtsov,  Wolfgang Meyer,  Anja [Soprano Vocals] Silja,  Murray Dickie  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Zender,  Mauricio Kagel,  Sylvain Cambreling,  Heinz Holliger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The SWR Big Band,  Stuttgarter Lehrergesangverein
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  • 93.
    Expanded Edition - Romantic Favorites / Bernstein
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 92726 Release Date: 07/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  John Corigliano
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    CD not available
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  • 94.
    Best Of Wiener Philharmoniker - Vol 1
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775077 Release Date: 07/01/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Leonard Bernstein,  Alfred Prinz,  Gidon Kremer  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  John Eliot Gardiner,  Valery Gergiev,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Elegy For Strings / Neeme Järvi, Royal Scottish National
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6681 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Arvo Pärt,  Samuel Barber,  Heino Eller  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Berlioz, Wagner, Etc / Yvonne Naef, David Heer, Pilsen Rso
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 2309 Release Date: 01/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Yvonne Naef
    Conductor:  David Heer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Pilsen Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Classical Heartbreakers
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85345 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Tomaso Albinoni,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Lucio Quarantotto,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Cohen,  Laszlo Varga,  André Previn,  Garrick Ohlsson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Norman Del Mar,  David Abel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 98.
    Love Moods - The Most Romantic Classics
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000174302 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Gioachino Rossini,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Franz Schmidt  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander-Sergei Ramirez,  Teresa Berganza,  Gil Shaham,  Ben Heppner  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Neeme Järvi,  Karl-Heinz Loges  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 99.
    The Most Romantic Classical Music In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17334 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  César Franck,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Miguel Llobet  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 100.
    A Musical Journey Through Europe
    Label: Virgin Classics Special Import   Catalog: 562221 Release Date: 01/06/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Carl Nielsen,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Conductor:  George Pehlivanian
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra
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