Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No. 4  / Albrecht,  Netherlands Philharmonic
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186487   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde / Coote, Fritz, Albrecht, Netherlands Philharmonic
Release Date: 04/30/2013   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186502    Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 8 / Haitink, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 05/16/2006   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186166   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No. 4, Debussy: Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune / Pinnock, Royal Academy of Music
Release Date: 08/27/2013   Label: Linn Records  
Catalog: 438   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Benjamin Zander, Philharmonia Orchestra
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Linn Records  
Catalog: 468   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Symphony no 5 in C sharp minor: 4th movement, Adagietto

Browse 51-75 of 105 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Barbiroli - New York Philharmonic - Live Recordings 1937-43
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2330/31 Release Date: 01/22/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Claude Debussy,  Charles Tomlinson Griffes  ... 
    Performer:  Gaspar Cassadó,  Albert Spalding
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 52.
    Moments Of Peace
    Label: Charles Suniga   Catalog: 1267 Release Date: 01/22/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Suniga,  Josef Strauss,  Jules Massenet,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Charles Suniga,  Siegfried Stöckigt,  Christina Funke
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck,  Kurt Masur,  Franz Konwitschny,  Herbert Kegel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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  • 53.
    The Premium Collection - 75 Classical Masterworks
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000988602 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Edvard Grieg,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Alfons Kontarsky,  Aloys Kontarsky,  Wolfgang Herzer,  Göran Söllscher  ... 
    Conductor:  Baumgartner,  Neeme Järvi,  Seiji Ozawa,  Rafael Kubelik  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Strings
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  • 54.
    Classique & Zen
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5097 Release Date: 08/28/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Philippe Jaroussky,  Anne Gastinel,  Claire Désert  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean-Christophe Spinosi,  Rolf Lislevand,  Howard Griffiths,  Rinaldo Alessandrini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mosaďques String Quartet,  Matheus Ensemble,  Ensemble Kapsberger
    CD: $12.99
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  • 55.
    Beethoven, Liszt, Brahms, Mahler / Willem Mengelberg, Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2067 Release Date: 08/21/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Franz Liszt,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Cinema Classics
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8571090 Release Date: 07/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Giacomo Puccini,  Carl Orff,  Alfredo Catalani  ... 
    Performer:  Miriam Gauci,  Nicola Martinucci,  Yordy Ramiro,  Idil Biret  ... 
    Conductor:  Zdenek Kosler,  Alexander Rahbari,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Antoni Wit  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Mozart Academy
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  • 57.
    Willem Mengelberg - Beethoven, Schubert, Weber, Et Al
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1078 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 58.
    A Musical Moment
    Label: Gift Of Music   Catalog: 1159 Release Date: 08/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig Senfl,  Gabriel Fauré,  Gustav Mahler,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Lynda Sayce,  Martin Vishnik,  Sam Piha,  Ilia Ioff  ... 
    Conductor:  Anton Nanut,  Richard Wagner
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  • 59.
    Peaceful Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000703002 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Erik Satie,  Maurice Ravel,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Pascal Rogé,  Jean-Yves Thibaudet  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Sir Colin Davis,  Charles Dutoit  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 60.
    Relaxing & Guitar Classics You Love
    Label: Spj Music   Catalog: 95801 Release Date: 06/06/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Charles Gounod,  Pietro Mascagni,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    CD: $5.99
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  • 61.
    Sileo - Music Of Serenity - Schubert, Barber, Brahms, Et Al
    Label: Art   Catalog: 8285 Release Date: 03/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Samuel Barber,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Sebastian Knauer,  Jan Vogler,  Peter Rösel,  Renate Schorler  ... 
    Conductor:  Thomas Sanderling,  Kurt Sanderling,  Heinz Bongartz,  Rolf Kleinert  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Gaia Scienza,  Saarbrücken Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 62.
    Melancolie
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5036 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Philip Glass,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Laurent Cabasso,  Lina Mkrtchyan,  Evgeni Talisman,  Adele Anthony  ... 
    Conductor:  Takuo Yuasa,  Laurence Equilbey,  Rinaldo Alessandrini,  Jorma Panula  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ulster Orchestra,  Accentus,  Concerto Italiano  ... 
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  • 63.
    Lovers' Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000615202 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Maurice Hasson,  Henryk Szeryng,  Marisa Robles  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Charles Dutoit,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 64.
    The Very Best of Adagio / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000583002 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Wagner,  Georges Bizet,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 65.
    Vienne 1900
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5039 Release Date: 01/17/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Alban Berg  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre-Laurent Aimard,  Anne Gastinel,  Dawn Upshaw,  Stefan Litwin  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Amaury Du Closel,  Alain Lombard,  Laurence Equilbey  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Orchestra d'Ile de France,  Arditti String Quartet,  Danish String Quartet  ... 
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  • 66.
    Schubert: Der Tod Und Das Mädchen; Mahler / Kofman
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6031315 Release Date: 11/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Ute Blaumer
    Conductor:  Roman Kofman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kiev Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 67.
    The Relaxing Classics You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97008 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Charles Gounod,  Pietro Mascagni,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    CD: $3.99
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  • 68.
    The Symphonies You Love
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 97006 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonín Dvorák,  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    CD: $3.99
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  • 69.
    Weekend Classics - Weekend Favourites
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000448502 Release Date: 06/14/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Pietro Mascagni,  Erik Satie,  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ... 
    Performer:  Christer Thorvaldsson,  Barbara Bonney,  Leo Winland,  Pavel Gililov  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi,  Seiji Ozawa,  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra,  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $13.99
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  • 70.
    Bear Essentials - Classics For Funerals
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 2418 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Maurice Ravel,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Louis Lortie,  Emma Kirkby,  Philip Kenyon,  Yvonne Kenny  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox,  Neeme Järvi,  Andrew Parrott,  George Guest  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 71.
    Turner, Whistler, Monet - Debussy, Mahler, Et Al
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5003 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Frederick Delius,  Claude Debussy,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Van Reeth,  Huseyin Sermet,  Jos van Immerseel,  Sandrine Piau  ... 
    Conductor:  Yoav Talmi,  David Lloyd-Jones,  Alexander Rahbari,  Yevgeny Svetlanov
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  • 72.
    Price - Christmas With Leontyne Price / Montreal Symphony
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4302 Release Date: 11/30/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Xaver Gruber,  Traditional,  George Frideric Handel,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Leontyne Price
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Walter, Thorborg, Et Al
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2049 Release Date: 08/31/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Charles Kullman,  Kerstin Thorborg
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Swr Music Highlights
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93158 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Jacob Weinberg,  Mauricio Kagel,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Jascha Nemtsov,  Wolfgang Meyer,  Anja [Soprano Vocals] Silja,  Murray Dickie  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Zender,  Mauricio Kagel,  Sylvain Cambreling,  Heinz Holliger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The SWR Big Band,  Stuttgarter Lehrergesangverein
    CD: $7.99
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  • 75.
    Berlioz, Wagner, Etc / Yvonne Naef, David Heer, Pilsen Rso
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 2309 Release Date: 01/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Yvonne Naef
    Conductor:  David Heer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Pilsen Radio Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $19.98
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