Gustav Mahler


Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No. 9 / Klemperer, New Philharmonia Orchestra
Release Date: 04/15/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 554935  
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Mahler/Schoenberg: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Osmo Vänskä
Release Date: 12/20/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 681   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Bernard Haitink, Et Al
Release Date: 06/26/2007   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186183   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 8 / Neeme Järvi, Gustafsson, Et Al
Release Date: 03/08/1995   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 700   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 9 / Barshai, Moscow Radio So
Release Date: 12/07/1993   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 632   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 5 in C sharp minor: 4th movement, Adagietto

Browse 26-50 of 105 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Mahler: Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001437902 Release Date: 06/22/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Yvonne Minton,  Brigitte Fassbaender
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Riccardo Chailly
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  • 27.
    50 Classical Music Favorites
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001388102 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Luigi Boccherini,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Heinz Holliger,  Italo Colandrea,  Antonio Perez,  Michael Copley  ... 
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen,  Sir Colin Davis,  Kurt Masur,  Silvio Varviso  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici
    CD: $11.99
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  • 28.
    Over The Rainbow & Bach Again
    Label: Longhorn Music   Catalog: 2010002 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Randall Snyder,  Morten Lauridsen  ... 
    Performer:  Harvey Pittel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tex Sax
    CD: $12.99
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  • 29.
    Discoveries / Gustavo Dudamel
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001345802 Release Date: 10/06/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Arturo Márquez,  Gustav Mahler,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Conductor:  Gustavo Dudamel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Simon Bolivar Youth Orchestra of Venezuela
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  • 30.
    Esprit - Zen
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5171 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Hopkinson Smith,  Sara Mingardo,  Rolf Lislevand,  Philippe Jaroussky  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean-Christophe Spinosi,  Rinaldo Alessandrini,  Laurence Equilbey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Italiano,  Ensemble Kapsberger,  Accentus  ... 
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  • 31.
    For Mother - A Classical Bouquet
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001267302 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Jules Massenet,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Jean-Yves Thibaudet,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Nigel Kennedy  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Herbert von Karajan,  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Adagio - The Ultimate Collection
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570015-16 Release Date: 02/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schmidt,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki,  Niklas Eklund,  Hana Mullerova-jouzova,  Jirí Válek  ... 
    Conductor:  Kenneth Jean,  Michael Halász,  Nils-Erik Sparf,  Stephen Gunzenhauser  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra,  Budapest Symphony Orchestra,  Drottningholm Baroque Ensemble  ... 
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  • 33.
    Cinema Classics / Davis, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 28270 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francis Lai,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Maurice Jarre,  Samuel Barber  ... 
    Conductor:  Carl Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 34.
    Romantic Orchestral Masterpieces / Rilling, Gielen, Marriner, Sanderling, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98540 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hector Berlioz,  Edvard Grieg,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
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  • 35.
    Best Of Stuttgart Sound - Roger Norrington
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93232 Release Date: 01/13/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 29802 Release Date: 12/04/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Maurice Ravel,  Jacques Offenbach,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Herbert Blomstedt
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  • 37.
    Classics In Heaven
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 182812 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Schreier,  Annerose Schmidt,  Dieter Zechlin,  Oskar Michallik  ... 
    Conductor:  Helmut Koch,  Franz Konwitschny,  Heinz Rögner,  Peter Schreier  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Berlin Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 38.
    Oster Impressionen
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 182592 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Rosemarie Lang,  Hermann-Christian Polster,  Annelies Burmeister  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Mauersberger,  Hans-Joachim Rotzsch,  Kurt Thomas,  Helmut Koch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Kreuz Choir,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Leipzig Thomaner Choir  ... 
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  • 39.
    Seiji Ozawa Celebrates 20 Years With The Boston Symphony
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438887 Release Date: 11/10/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gustav Mahler,  Igor Stravinsky,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Cinema Classics
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 36562 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
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  • 41.
    10 Ans Et Toujours Naďve! - Mahler, Schubert, Vivaldi, Bach, Etc / Alessandrini, Korcia, Et Al
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5160 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Francois du Caurroy,  Leos Janácek,  Maurice Ravel,  Anatole Liadov  ... 
    CD: $16.99
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  • 42.
    Relax - The World's Most Beautiful Music - Music For The Soul - 36 Tracks
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17279 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Karl Jenkins,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Sabine Meyer,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Paul Beniston,  Hugh Bean  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Vonk,  Alberto Lysy,  Karl Jenkins,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Staatskapelle Weimar,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Camerata Lysy  ... 
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  • 43.
    4 Elements - Classical Music Of Fire, Water, Air And Earth
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 184592 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Andreas Pistorius,  Jutta Zoff,  Peter Rösel,  Ute Priew  ... 
    Conductor:  Hartmut Haenchen,  Carl von Garaguly,  Václav Neumann,  Kurt Sanderling  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  C.P.E. Bach Chamber Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $27.98
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  • 44.
    Meditation Classics / Masur, Suitner, Neumann, Bongartz,  Weigle, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 184572 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Egon Morbitzer,  Siegfried Stöckigt,  Oskar Michallik,  Hans Pischner  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling,  Heinz Bongartz,  Otmar Suitner,  Walter Levin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Berlin Radio Music School Orchestra,  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $24.99
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  • 45.
    After Work Hour - Classical Music Selection 4
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 182762 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Christian Funke,  Siegfried Stockigt,  Egon Morbitzer
    Conductor:  Georges Sebastian,  Heinz Bongartz,  Hans Vonk,  Herbert Kegel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    CD: $9.99
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  • 46.
    Basics - Meditation - Music To Dream To / Blomstedt, Masur, Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8574 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Charles Gounod,  Maurice Ravel,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  Hans Pischner,  Siegfried Stöckigt,  Egon Morbitzer,  Rolf-Dieter Arens  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling,  Heinz Rögner,  Robert Hanell,  Günther Herbig  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Solistenvereinigung  ... 
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  • 47.
    Ultimate Classical Relaxation - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001079002 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Alicia De Larrocha,  Neil Black,  Tess Miller,  Carmel Kaine  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Münchinger,  Sir Neville Marriner,  András Schiff,  Thurston Dart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Chamber Orchestra of Europe  ... 
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  • 48.
    Unforgettable - Music From Movies
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5119 Release Date: 02/26/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Georges Bizet  ... 
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  • 49.
    Classical Ecstasy - Classics For A New Age
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 23041 Release Date: 02/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henry Purcell,  Johann Pachelbel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Leontyne Price,  Paul Nicholson,  Richard Stoltzman,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli,  Robert Salter,  Alexander Schneider,  Renato Cellini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Italian Opera Orchestra,  Guildhall String Ensemble,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 50.
    Barbiroli - New York Philharmonic - Live Recordings 1937-43
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2330/31 Release Date: 01/22/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Claude Debussy,  Charles Tomlinson Griffes  ... 
    Performer:  Gaspar Cassadó,  Albert Spalding
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    On sale! $25.98
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