Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No 9 / Fischer, Budapest Festival
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 36115   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphonies Nos. 7, 8 & 9 / Maazel, Philharmonia Orchestra
Release Date: 07/10/2015   Label: Signum U.k.  
Catalog: 362   Number of Discs: 6
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Mahler: Symphony No. 4 / Ewing, Haitink, Concertgebouw Orchestra
Release Date: 07/31/2015   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 109108   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 6, Etc / Järvi, Royal Scottish No
Release Date: 02/03/2004   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9207   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler Symphony No 6 / Salonen, Philharmonia Orchestra
Release Date: 10/25/2011   Label: Signum U.k.  
Catalog: 275   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 5 in C sharp minor: 4th movement, Adagietto

Browse 101-122 of 122 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Music For The Nursery
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 315000 Release Date: 04/25/2000   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
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  • 102.
    Classics For Baby - Nursing Time
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 150002 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Anton Bruckner,  Johann Christian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
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  • 103.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4, Etc / Tennstedt, Popp, Et Al
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73706 Release Date: 01/25/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lucia Popp
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 104.
    Fawkes, Richard: The History Of Classical Music / Robert Powell
    Label: Naxos Audio Books   Catalog: 4140 Release Date: 08/31/1999   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Hildegard of Bingen,  Alfonso X (El Sabio),  Guillaume de Machaut  ... 
    Performer:  Simon Weir,  Kasia Elsner,  Richard Fawkes,  Jennifer Purvis  ... 
    Conductor:  Nicholas Kraemer,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Hanspeter Gmür,  Barry Wordsworth  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nova Schola Gregoriana,  In Dulci Jubilo Children's Choir,  Oxford Camerata  ... 
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  • 105.
    Cinema Classics, Vol 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8503066 Release Date: 08/30/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Giacomo Puccini,  Gustav Mahler,  Samuel Barber  ... 
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  • 106.
    The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra - Overture And Symphonies
    Label: Platinum Disc   Catalog: 626 Release Date: 02/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Gioachino Rossini,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Conductor:  Frank Shipway
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $3.99
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  • 107.
    Bernstein - Reaching For The Note
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459552 Release Date: 10/20/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Leonard Bernstein,  Igor Stravinsky,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Klaus König,  June Anderson,  Jan-Hendrik Rootering,  Sarah Walker  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Ion Marin,  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic members,  Orchestre de Paris members,  London Symphony Orchestra members  ... 
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  • 108.
    Discover The Classics Volume 2
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554246-47 Release Date: 09/29/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Malcolm Arnold,  Gioachino Rossini,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Benjamin Frith,  Maria Kliegel
    Conductor:  Prionnsias O'Duinn,  Andrew Penny,  Michael Halász,  Adrian Leaper  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RTE Sinfonietta,  Queensland Symphony Orchestra,  Zagreb Festival Orchestra  ... 
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  • 109.
    Transfiguration - Beethoven, Mahler, Schoenberg / Slowik
    Label: Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 77374 Release Date: 08/30/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Arnold Schoenberg
    Conductor:  Kenneth Slowik,  Willem Mengelberg,  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Smithsonian Chamber Players,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 110.
    Adagio 2 - Telemann, Bach, Mozart, Haydn, Mendelssohn, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553841 Release Date: 08/25/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Aram Khachaturian,  Franz Berwald,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Benjamin Frith,  Ludovít Kanta,  Herbert Weissberg,  Béla Bánfalvi  ... 
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit,  Andrei Anikhanov,  Okko Kamu,  Robert Stankovsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra,  Helsingborg Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 111.
    Explore The Classics - Love
    Label: Allegro   Catalog: 1 Release Date: 03/31/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frank Martin,  Alexander Scriabin,  Gustav Mahler,  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ... 
    Performer:  Julianne Baird,  Ronn McFarlane,  Martin Jones,  Simon Keenlyside  ... 
    Conductor:  Harry Christophers,  Leopold Stokowski,  Maurice Abravanel,  Sir Charles Groves  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen,  Houston Symphony Orchestra,  Utah Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 112.
    The Yellow Guide - Classical Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457440 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Wagner,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Marita Napier,  Marilyn Mims,  Linda Kelm,  Diane Kesling  ... 
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock,  James Levine,  Semyon Bychkov,  Carlo Maria Giulini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert,  English Concert Choir,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 113.
    Bernstein Century - Mahler: Symphonies No 2 & 8, Etc
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 63159 Release Date: 10/28/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jennie Tourel,  Lee Venora,  George London,  Lili Chookasian  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Collegiate Chorale,  New York Philharmonic,  Columbus Boychoir  ... 
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  • 114.
    Adagio Mahler: Adagietto From The Fifth Symphony, Etc
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8552243 Release Date: 05/13/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Ewa Podles
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra Katowice
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  • 115.
    After Hours Classics Vol 4 - Orchestra Plays Adagio
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 423 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Huang Zi,  Takashi Yoshimatsu,  Anton Bruckner,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki
    Conductor:  Kurt Eichhorn,  Tadaaki Otaka
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bruckner Orchester Linz,  Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Schubert/Mahler: Death And The Maiden;  Mahler / Mito Co
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 61970 Release Date: 02/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Franz Schubert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mito Chamber Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Adagio / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445282 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  David Bell,  Leon Spierer,  Michel Schwalbé,  Frank Maus
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 118.
    150 Jahre Wiener Philharmoniker - Bruno Walter
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90114 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 119.
    The Joy Of Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445486 Release Date: 05/03/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leonard Bernstein,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Gustav Mahler,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Jan-Hendrik Rootering,  June Anderson,  Sarah Walker,  Klaus König  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Children's Choir,  Berlin Radio Chorus  ... 
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  • 120.
    Leonard Bernstein - A Tribute
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46701 Release Date: 12/27/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Ives,  Gustav Mahler,  George Gershwin,  Leonard Bernstein
    Performer:  William Vacchiano,  Leonard Bernstein,  John-Paul Bogart
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic Chorus
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  • 121.
    Barber Adagio And Other Romantic Favorites For Strings
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 38484 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Samuel Barber
    Performer:  David Nadien
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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1 2 3 4 5

Gustav Mahler


WORKS
1. Langsam. Schleppend
2. Kräftig bewegt
3. Feierlich und gemessen, ohne zu schleppen
4. Stürmisch bewegt
1. Trauermarsch (In gemessenem Schritt. Streng. Wie ein Kondukt - Plötzlich schneller. Leidenschaftlich. Wild - Tempo I)
2. Stürmisch bewegt. Mit größter Vehemenz - Bedeutend langsamer - Tempo I subito
3. Scherzo (Kräftig, nicht zu schnell)
4. Adagietto (Sehr langsam)
5. Rondo-Finale (Allegro)
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Das Trinklied vom Jammer der Erde
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Der Einsame im Herbst
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Von der Jugend
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Von der Schönheit
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Der Trunkene im Frühling
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Der Abschied
Nun will die Sonn' so hell aufgeh'n
Nun seh' ich wohl, warum so dunkle Flammen
Wenn dein Mütterlein
Oft denk' ich, sie sind nur ausgegangen
In diesem Wetter
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): I: Wenn mein Schatz Hochzeit macht
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): II: Ging heut' Morgen übers Feld
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): III: Ich hab' ein glühend Messer
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): IV: Die zwei blauen Augen
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro Maestoso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): II. Andante moderato
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): III. In ruhig fliessender Bewegung
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): IV. Urlicht. Sehr feierlich, aber schlicht
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): V. Im Tempo des Scherzos. Wild herausfahrend
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Wieder sehr breit
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Ritardando...Maestoso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Wieder zurückaltend
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Langsam. Misterioso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Etwas bewegter
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Mit Aufschwung aber nicht eilen
1. Bedächtig. Nicht eilen - Recht gemächlich
2. In gemächlicher Bewegung. Ohne Hast
3. Ruhevoll (Poco adagio)
4. Sehr behaglich: "Wir genießen die himmlischen Freuden"
Andante comodo
Etwas frischer
(Horns)
Mit Wut. Allegro risoluto
(Brass)
Bewegter
Wie von Anfang
Ploetzlich bedeutend langsamer (Lento) und leise
Im Tempo eines gemaechlichen Laendlers. Etwas taeppisch und sehr derb
Poco più mosso subito (Tempo II)
Tempo III
A tempo II
Tempo I
Tempo II
Tempo I. subito
Rondo-Burleske. Allegro assai. Sehr trotzig.
L'istesso tempo
Sempre l'istesso tempo
L'istesso tempo
(Clarinets)
Tempo I subito
Più stretto
Adagio. Sehr langsam und noch zurueckhaltend
Ploetzlich wieder sehr langsam (wie zu Anfang) und etwas zoegernd
Molto adagio subito
A tempo (Molto adagio)
Stets sehr gehalten
Fliessender, doch durchaus nicht eilend
Tempo I. Molto adagio
Adagissimo
1. Kräftig. Entschieden
1. - Langsam. Schwer
1. - Tempo I
1. - a tempo
1. - Immer dasselbe Tempo. (Marsch.) Nicht eilen
1. - Im alten Marschtempo (Allegro Moderato)
1. - Tempo I
2. Tempo di minuetto. Sehr mäßig
2. - A tempo. (Wie im Anfang)
2. - Ganz ploetzlich gemaechlich. Tempo di Menuetto
3. Comodo. Scherzando. Ohne Hast
3.- Wieder sehr gemaechlich, wie zu Anfang
3.- Sehr gemächlich (Posthorn)
3.- Tempo I
3.- Wieder sehr gemaechlich, beinahe langsam
4. Sehr langsam. Misterioso: "O Mensch! Gib acht!" 'O Mensch! Gib acht'
4.- Più mosso subito
5. Lustig im Tempo und keck im Ausdruck: "Bimm Bamm. Es sungen drei Engel"
6. Langsam. Ruhevoll. Empfunden
6.- Nicht mehr so breit
6.- Tempo I. Ruhevoll
6.- a tempo (Etwas bewegter)
6.- Tempo I
6.- Langsam. Tempo I