Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.

Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.

The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less

Mahler: Symphony No 8 / Solti, Chicago [Blu-ray Audio]
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 001993346   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No. 7 / Jarvi, Residentie Orchestra The Hague
Release Date: 07/27/2010   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5079   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Mehta, Vienna Philharmonic [Blu-ray Audio]
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 001993646   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Tennstedt, SWR Symphony Orchestra Baden-Baden
Release Date: 10/18/2005   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 5039   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 6, Etc / Järvi, Royal Scottish No
Release Date: 02/03/2004   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9207   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 5 in C sharp minor: 4th movement, Adagietto

Browse 101-125 of 146 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Leonard Bernstein - A Total Embrace - The Conductor
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 90578 Release Date: 09/09/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Samuel Barber,  Manuel de Falla,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  David Evitts,  Patricia Wells,  Alan Titus,  Michael Devlin  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic members,  New York Philharmonic,  ORTF National Orchestra  ... 
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  • 102.
    Karajan Forever - The Greatest Classical Hits
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000035202 Release Date: 06/10/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Karlheinz Zöller,  Lazar Berman,  Michel Schwalbé,  Wolfgang Meyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Bruno Walter
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75133 Release Date: 06/04/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Kathleen Ferrier,  Lauritz Melchior,  Alfred Jerger,  Emanuel List  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  British Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 104.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Walter, Thorborg, Kullman
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9722 Release Date: 05/14/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Charles Kullman,  Kerstin Thorborg
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Sir Malcolm Sargent
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Classical Moments - Classical Music For Love
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555358 Release Date: 03/19/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anatole Liadov,  Edvard Grieg,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
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  • 106.
    From Haydn To Mahler / Bruno Walter, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2017/18 Release Date: 01/29/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 107.
    Movie Adagios / Solti, Tebaldi, Lupu, Schiff, Fleming, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 468506 Release Date: 10/09/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Giacomo Puccini,  Andrea Morricone  ... 
    Performer:  András Schiff,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Renée Fleming,  Dietfried Gürtler  ... 
    Conductor:  András Schiff,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Nick Ingman,  Charles Dutoit  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonia  ... 
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  • 108.
    Bride Of The Wind - Original Soundtrack
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469584 Release Date: 06/05/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Stephen Endelman,  Gustav Mahler,  Alma Mahler,  János Bihari
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Jean-Yves Thibaudet,  Pedja Muzijevic,  Lalan J. Parrott
    Conductor:  Frantisek Preisler Jr.,  Pierre Boulez,  Lakatos Róbert,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Roby Lakatos Ensemble
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  • 109.
    Eloquence - Meditation Music - Music For Relaxation
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467414 Release Date: 05/08/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Samuel Barber,  Erik Satie,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Gervase de Peyer,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Nigel Kennedy
    Conductor:  Peter Maag,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Charles Dutoit,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 110.
    Lifestyles For Baby - Nursing
    Label: Lifestyles   Catalog: 150035 Release Date: 05/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Gustav Mahler,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 111.
    Lifestyles For Baby - Tender Moments
    Label: Lifestyles   Catalog: 315012 Release Date: 05/01/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Sir Edward Elgar,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 112.
    Aromatherapy 04: Adagio / Various
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4666962 Release Date: 04/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Tomaso Albinoni,  Samuel Barber,  Gustav Mahler,  Various
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox,  István Kertész,  Zubin Mehta,  Sir Neville Marriner
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  • 113.
    Adagio For Relaxation
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 63758 Release Date: 03/06/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Pietro Mascagni,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Alicia De Larrocha,  Richard Stoltzman,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Paul Nicholson
    Conductor:  Leonard Slatkin,  Alexander Schneider,  James Levine,  Zubin Mehta  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra,  National Philharmonic Orchestra London  ... 
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  • 114.
    Music from the Movies
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 46956 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  John Williams,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Carl Orff  ... 
    Performer:  Trevor Pinnock,  Carlo Bergonzi,  Harold Wright,  Anatol Ugorski  ... 
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock,  John Mauceri,  Herbert von Karajan,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert Winds,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 115.
    Vineyard Classics - Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Chardonnay
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 315005 Release Date: 09/12/2000   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  George Frideric Handel,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    On sale! $20.98
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  • 116.
    Lifestyles - Music For Reading
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 150008 Release Date: 07/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Gustav Mahler,  Johann Pachelbel,  Isaac Albeniz  ... 
    On sale! $6.98
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  • 117.
    Highlights Of Great Symphonies
    Label: Laserlight   Catalog: 36005 Release Date: 07/10/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Ute Walther,  Kolos Kováts,  Alison Hargan
    Conductor:  Herbert Kegel,  János Ferencsik,  Hans Graf,  Sandor Végh  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra,  Hungarian State Orchestra,  Salzburg Mozarteum Orchestra  ... 
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  • 118.
    Lifestyles - Music For A Relaxing Bath
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 150010 Release Date: 07/04/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Edvard Grieg,  Frederick the Great,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
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  • 119.
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 946089 Release Date: 07/03/2000   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Johann Pachelbel,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    On sale! $46.99
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  • 120.
    Romantic Adagios
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 466710 Release Date: 06/13/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Gabriel Fauré,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Cristina Ortiz,  Marie Goossens,  Jascha Silberstein,  Carlos Bonell  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Charles Dutoit,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Gianandrea Gavazzeni  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Montreal Symphony Chorus,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 121.
    Classics For Baby - Music For The Crib
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 315001 Release Date: 05/09/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Jean Sibelius,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
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  • 122.
    Music For The Nursery
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 315000 Release Date: 04/25/2000   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
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  • 123.
    Classics For Baby - Nursing Time
    Label: Columbia River Entertainment   Catalog: 150002 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Anton Bruckner,  Johann Christian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
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  • 124.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4, Etc / Tennstedt, Popp, Et Al
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73706 Release Date: 01/25/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lucia Popp
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 125.
    Label: Fine Tune   Catalog: 4409 Release Date: 01/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Conductor:  Philip Gibson,  Adrian Leaper
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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