Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No. 9 / Klemperer, New Philharmonia Orchestra
Release Date: 04/15/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 554935  
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Mahler/Schoenberg: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Osmo Vänskä
Release Date: 12/20/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 681   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Complete Symphonies / Stenz, Cologne Gurzenich Orchestra
Release Date: 04/08/2016   Label: Oehms  
Catalog: 029   Number of Discs: 13
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Mahler: Symphony No 8 / Neeme Järvi, Gustafsson, Et Al
Release Date: 03/08/1995   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 700   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 9 / Barshai, Moscow Radio So
Release Date: 12/07/1993   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 632   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 5 in C sharp minor

Browse 76-100 of 124 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Birthday Edition - Daniel Barenboim The Conductor - Scriabin, Wagner, Mahler, Schumann, Beethoven, Etc
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 361788 Release Date: 12/04/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Gustav Mahler,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Kinan Azmeh,  Sharon Polyak,  Mor Biron,  Mohamed Saleh  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  West-Eastern Divan Orchestra  ... 
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  • 77.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Dudamel, Bolívar Youth Orchestra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000983702 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Gustavo Dudamel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Simon Bolivar Youth Orchestra of Venezuela
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  • 78.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-10, Das Klagende Lied, Etc / Rattle
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 00721 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Birgit Remmert,  Simon Keenlyside,  Amanda Roocroft,  Soile Isokoski  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Youth Chorus,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 79.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Sir Georg Solti, Tonhalle-orchester Zürich
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000974502 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Lucerne Festival Orchestra - The First Five Years
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2000078 Release Date: 08/28/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Claude Debussy,  Anton Bruckner,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Rachel Harnisch,  Eteri Gvazava,  Alfred Brendel,  Maurizio Pollini
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Bernard Haitink, Et Al
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186183 Release Date: 06/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Leinsdorf, Boston Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Rca Victrola   Catalog: 60482 Release Date: 06/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Ozawa, Boston Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 432141 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Bernstein, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000815502 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Roger Norrington, Stuttgart Rso
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93165 Release Date: 01/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / DePreist, London SO
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557990 Release Date: 12/12/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Maurice Murphy,  Timothy Jones
    Conductor:  James DePreist
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Tilson Thomas, San Francisco So
    Label: San Francisco Symphony   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Järvi, Scottish National Orchestra
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8829 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Mahler: Symphonies 1-10, Etc / Bertini, Kölner Rundfunk
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 40238 Release Date: 01/10/2006   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Ben Heppner,  Marjana Lipovsek,  Florence Quivar,  Paul Frey  ... 
    Conductor:  Gary Bertini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Little Singers Of Tokyo,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus  ... 
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  • 90.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 4-6 / Bernstein, Mathis, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000554409 Release Date: 11/22/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Edith Mathis
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Mahler II: Symphonies 5-7, etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000532102 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 92.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Saraste, Et Al
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 62495 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Jukka-Pekka Saraste
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Haitink, Orchestre National De France
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5026 Release Date: 07/19/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sarah Nemtanu
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Nott, Bamberg So
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7126 Release Date: 07/12/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Jonathan Nott
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Chailly, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000482702 Release Date: 07/12/2005   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Melanie Diener,  Petra Lang,  Barbara Bonney,  Peter Mattei  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Netherlands Children's Choir  ... 
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  • 96.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-9, Adagio / Michael Gielen
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93130 Release Date: 06/14/2005   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Juliane Banse,  Cornelia Kallisch,  Christine Whittlesey,  Wolfgang Hock  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  European Soloists Academy,  Aurelius Boys Choir of Calw  ... 
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  • 97.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Abbado, Lucerne Festival Orchestra
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2054078 Release Date: 05/17/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Haenchen, Netherlands Po
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186004 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Hartmut Haenchen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Mitropoulos Conducts Mahler: Symphonies 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1021 Release Date: 07/14/2002   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Otto Edelmann,  Mimi Coertse,  Hilde Zadek  ... 
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Boys' Choir  ... 
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  • 100.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Scherchen, Vienna State Opera Orchestra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471268 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra
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