Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Faure, Strauss, Mahler, Copland, Ives, Canteloube: Lieder / Von Stade, Katz
Release Date: 01/29/2013   Label: Orfeo  
Catalog: 870121   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No. 1 'Titan'; Blumine / Lintu, Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 11/13/2015   Label: Ondine  
Catalog: 1264   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms, Wagner, Mahler & Beethoven: Lieder / Ludwig, Klemperer, Philharmonia Orchestra
Release Date: 02/16/2018   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 566890   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Schwarzkopf, Fischer-Dieskau, Szell, London Symphony
Release Date: 02/16/2018   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 566895   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 9 / Scherchen, Vienna Symphony
Release Date: 04/20/1994   Label: Orfeo D'or  
Catalog: 228901   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 4 in G major

Browse 76-100 of 140 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Fox, Mackerras, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Signum Classics   Catalog: 219 Release Date: 12/21/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sarah Fox
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Mahler - The People's Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001501802 Release Date: 12/14/2010   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Ileana Cotrubas,  Anna Larsson,  Edith Mathis  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Zubin Mehta,  Claudio Abbado,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 78.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4, Ruckert Lieder / Kozena, Abbado, Lucerne Festival Orchestra
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2057984 Release Date: 11/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Magdalena Kozená
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 4 / Honeck, Pittsburgh
    Label: Exton   Catalog: 48 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sunhae Im,  Sunhae [Soprano Vocal] Im
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 4 / Stenz, Oelze, Gurzenich Orch Koln
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 649 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christiane Oelze
    Conductor:  Markus Stenz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Mahler: The Complete Works
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 08985 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Wolfram Rieger,  Christa Ludwig,  Fritz Wunderlich  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Sir John Barbirolli,  Otto Klemperer,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 82.
    Mahler: Complete Symphonies / Wit, Halasz, Olson
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501502 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lynda Russell,  Ewa Podles,  Jadwiga Rappé,  Hanna Lisowska
    Conductor:  Robert Olson,  Michael Halász,  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Warsaw Boys' Choir,  Warsaw National Philharmonic Choir  ... 
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  • 83.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 4 / Schwarz, Mackay, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic
    Label: Artek   Catalog: 52 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Maureen Mackay
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
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  • 84.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Leonard Bernstein [11-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001408102 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Margaret Price,  Kenneth Riegel,  Agnes Baltsa,  Hermann Prey  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
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  • 85.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Claycomb, Gergiev, London Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 662 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Laura Claycomb
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Karajan, Mathis, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415323 Release Date: 02/17/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Edith Mathis
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Mahler: Symphony no 4, Ruckert Lieder, Das Lied von der Erde / Karajan, Giulini
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469304 Release Date: 02/17/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Edith Mathis,  Francisco Araiza,  Brigitte Fassbaender
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Davis, Blasi, Bavarian Radio So
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 62521 Release Date: 01/11/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Angela Maria Blasi
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Haitink, Alexander, Concertgebouw
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 412119 Release Date: 12/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Roberta Alexander
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 90.
    19th Century Masterpieces
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 98317 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Paul Dukas,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Emmanuel Pahud,  Aldo Ciccolini,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Michel Plasson,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 91.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Daniel Harding, Mahler Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 86356 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dorothea Röschmann
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mahler Chamber Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4, Songs / Halban, Walter, New York Po
    Label: Cbs Masterworks Portrait   Catalog: 46450 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Desi Halban,  Bruno Walter
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 93.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4; Schoenberg: Pelleas / Abbado
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2055488 Release Date: 07/28/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Arnold Schoenberg
    Performer:  Juliane Banse
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 In G Major / Nott, Erdmann, Bamberg So, Et Al
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7151 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Jonathan Nott
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Persson, Fischer, Budapest Festival Orchestra
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 26109 Release Date: 04/14/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Miah Persson
    Conductor:  Iván Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Festival Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4;  Schoenberg: Orchesterlieder Op 8 / Delcampe, Oxalys
    Label: Fuga Libera   Catalog: 548 Release Date: 04/14/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Arnold Schoenberg
    Performer:  Laure Delcampe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oxalys
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  • 97.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Haenchen, Coku, Netherlands Po
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 93277 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Alexandra Coku
    Conductor:  Hartmut Haenchen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Solti, Stahlman, Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 417745 Release Date: 12/04/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sylvia Stahlman
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Mozart: Don Giovanni Overture;  Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Kurt Sanderling, Felicity Lott, Bbc Northern So
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4248 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Northern Symphony
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  • 100.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Vonk, St. Louis Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186323 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Esther Heideman
    Conductor:  Hans Vonk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra
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