Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.

Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.

The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less

Mahler: Symphony No 8 / Solti, Chicago [Blu-ray Audio]
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 001993346   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Jurowski, Stotijn, Kucerova
Release Date: 06/28/2011   Label: Lpo  
Catalog: 54   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Jurowski, London PO
Release Date: 05/28/2013   Label: Lpo  
Catalog: 70   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Mehta, Vienna Philharmonic [Blu-ray Audio]
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 001993646   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 9 / Barshai, Moscow Radio So
Release Date: 12/07/1993   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 632   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 4 in G major

Browse 76-100 of 147 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Solti, Stahlman, Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 417745 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sylvia Stahlman
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Mozart: Don Giovanni Overture;  Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Kurt Sanderling, Felicity Lott, Bbc Northern So
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4248 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Northern Symphony
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  • 78.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Vonk, St. Louis Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186323 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Esther Heideman
    Conductor:  Hans Vonk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Mahler: 10 Symphonies / Abbado, Berlin Philharmonic, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 447023 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Casapietra, Kegel
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1338 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Celestina Casapietra
    Conductor:  Herbert Kegel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Mahler: Symphonies Nos. 1-10 (Limited Edition)
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 805461 Release Date: 07/01/2008   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Eva Martón,  Josef Pomberger,  Agnes Baltsa  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
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  • 82.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Sinopoli, Banse, Dresden Staatskapelle
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 7047 Release Date: 06/24/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Juliane Banse
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 83.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Upshaw, Dohnányi, Cleveland Orch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 440315 Release Date: 06/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Daniel Majeske,  Dawn Upshaw
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Zinman, Et Al
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 716852 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Luba Orgonasova
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4;  Schubert: An Die Musik, Etc / Previn
    Label: Emi Classics Studio Plus   Catalog: 65179 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Elly Ameling,  Jörg Demus,  George Pieterson,  Irwin Gage
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Simply Mahler
    Label: Union Square   Catalog: 1205861 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Helen Donath,  Diego Pagin,  Bernd [Baritone Vocal] Weikl,  Iris Vermillion  ... 
    Conductor:  Eliahu Inbal
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  • 87.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Ozawa, Te Kanawa, Boston Sym Orch
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422072 Release Date: 10/31/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 4 / Farberman, London Symphony
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5123 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Corinne Curry
    Conductor:  Harold Farberman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Haitink, Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 7003 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christine Schäfer
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-10, Das Klagende Lied, Etc / Rattle
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 00721 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Peter Seiffert,  Thomas Hampson,  Helena Döse,  Alfreda Hodgson  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 91.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4;  Mozart: Exsultate, Jubilate / Szell
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42416 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Judith Raskin
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / A. Komsi, R. Norrington, Stuttgart
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93164 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anu Komsi
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Mahler: Symphonies 4 & 8 / Lucia Popp, Klaus Tennstedt
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 61580 Release Date: 10/03/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Elizabeth Connell,  Trudeliese Schmidt,  Nadine Denize  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Choir,  Tiffin School Boys Chorus
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  • 94.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Litton, Murray, Royal Philharmonic
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 63277 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Ann Murray
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Mahler: Symphonies / Neumann, Czech Po, Et Al
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3880 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Gabriela Benacková,  Eva Randová,  Miroslav Kejmar,  Christa Ludwig  ... 
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Kühn Children's Chorus  ... 
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  • 96.
    Holnd Fstvl - A Dutch Miracle - Fifty Years - 1947-1997
    Label: Globe   Catalog: 6900 Release Date: 05/09/2006   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Rudolf Escher,  Richard Strauss,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  Renato Capecchi,  Teresa Berganza,  Giulietta Simionato,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  George Szell,  Jean Fournet,  Kiril Kondrashin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hague Residentie Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus,  Danzi Woodwind Quintet  ... 
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  • 97.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Thomas Christian Ensemble
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6031320 Release Date: 04/18/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christiane Oelze
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Thomas Christian Ensemble
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  • 98.
    Gemini - Mahler: Symphony No 4, Lied Von Der Erde / Kletzki
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76912 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Emmy Loose,  Murray Dickie,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Paul Kletzki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Mahler: Symphonies 1-10, Etc / Bertini, Kölner Rundfunk
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 40238 Release Date: 01/10/2006   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Ben Heppner,  Marjana Lipovsek,  Florence Quivar,  Paul Frey  ... 
    Conductor:  Gary Bertini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Little Singers Of Tokyo,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus  ... 
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  • 100.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Abbado, Fleming, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000575902 Release Date: 01/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Alban Berg
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Guy Braunstein
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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