Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Etc / Jarnot, Et Al
Release Date: 01/01/2004   Label: Oehms  
Catalog: 324   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Stenz, Gurzenich Orchestra Cologne
Release Date: 10/27/2009   Label: Oehms  
Catalog: 650   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No. 4 / Stenz, Oelze, Gurzenich Orch Koln
Release Date: 07/27/2010   Label: Oehms  
Catalog: 649   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Oelze, Volle, Stenz
Release Date: 08/31/2010   Label: Oehms  
Catalog: 657   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 8 / De Billy, Merbeth, Van Den Heever, Grigorian, Henschel, Botha
Release Date: 03/29/2011   Label: Oehms  
Catalog: 768   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 2 in C minor "Resurrection"

Browse 76-100 of 130 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Haitink
    Label: Cso Resound   Catalog: 901914 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Miah Persson,  Christianne Stotijn
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Chorus,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38283 Release Date: 04/22/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Shirley Verrett,  Birgit Finnilä,  Evelyn Mandac
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Temple University Concert Choir,  Singing City Choirs
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  • 78.
    Mahler: Symphonie No 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415959 Release Date: 03/17/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Rosalind Plowright
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 79.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Eschenbach, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1134 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Simona Saturová,  Yvonne Naef
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Singers,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 In C Minor
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 666 Release Date: 01/13/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Elena Mosuc,  Zlata Bulycheva
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Joseph Cullen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6595 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Julia Hamari,  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra,  Oslo Philharmonic Chorus,  Latvian State Academic Choir
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  • 82.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Ozawa, Te Kanawa, Horne, Boston Sym
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420824 Release Date: 06/10/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Marilyn Horne,  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Tanglewood Festival Chorus
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  • 83.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Ozawa, Saito Kinen Orchestra
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 2566 Release Date: 02/21/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Nathalie Stutzmann,  Emiko Suga
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Saito Kinen Orchestra,  Shinyukai Choir
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  • 84.
    Mahler Symphony No 2; Haydn: Symphony No 86 / Schuricht
    Label: Swr Music   Catalog: 93139 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hanni Mack-Cosack,  Hertha Töpper
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Stuttgart Bach Choir,  Stuttgart Southwest German Radio Vocal Ensemble
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  • 85.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Solti, Buchanan, Zakai, Chicago Sym
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 410202 Release Date: 01/07/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Mira Zakai,  Isobel Buchanan
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Label: Relief Classical   Catalog: 991069 Release Date: 01/01/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
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  • 87.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Mentzer, Robinson, Järvi
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4432 Release Date: 12/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Twyla Robinson,  Susanne Mentzer
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Riverside Church Choir New York,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra Members,  Detroit Symphony Orchestra Members  ... 
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  • 88.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Luisi, Oelze, Fujimura, Et Al
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 608 Release Date: 10/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christiane Oelze,  Mihoko Fujimura
    Conductor:  Fabio Luisi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Middle German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Middle German Radio Chorus Leipzig
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  • 89.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-10, Das Klagende Lied, Etc / Rattle
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 00721 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Birgit Remmert,  Simon Keenlyside,  Amanda Roocroft,  Soile Isokoski  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Youth Chorus,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 90.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Norrington, Rubens, Et Al
    Label: Swr Music   Catalog: 93166 Release Date: 09/04/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sibylla Rubens,  Iris Vermillion
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Middle German Radio Chorus Leipzig
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  • 91.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Solti, London Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000897602 Release Date: 07/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Helen Watts,  Heather Harper
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Chorus,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Vision Mahler - Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Bychkov
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101421 Release Date: 06/26/2007   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Yvonne Naef,  Karina Gauvin
    Conductor:  Semyon Bychkov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  West German Radio Chorus,  West German Radio Orchestra,  North German Radio Chorus
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  • 93.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Walter, Forrester, Stader, Et Al
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1199 Release Date: 06/05/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Maria Stader,  Maureen Forrester
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Zinman, Banse, Larsson, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 87157 Release Date: 05/29/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anna Larsson,  Juliane Banse
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Schweizer Chamber Chorus
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  • 95.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Boulez, Damrau, Lang
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2054418 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Diana Damrau,  Petra Lang
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Fischer, Remmert, Milne, Et Al
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 23506 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lisa Milne,  Birgit Remmert
    Conductor:  Iván Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hungarian Radio Chorus,  Budapest Festival Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 2 / Haitink, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000654009 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sylvia McNair,  Jard Van Nes
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ernst Senff Choir
    DVD: $32.99
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  • 98.
    Mahler Symphony No 2 / Boulez, Vienna PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000668402 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Michelle DeYoung,  Christine Schäfer
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 99.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 2 / Kubelik, Bavarian Radio Symphony [Vinyl]
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 80402 Release Date: 05/02/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Edith Mathis,  Brigitte Fassbaender
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus
    LP: $39.99
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  • 100.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Rattle, Augér, City Of Birmingham
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 45802 Release Date: 03/07/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Arleen Augér
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus
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