Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler, Brahms, Lieberson / Hunt Lieberson
Release Date: 04/10/2007   Label: Wigmore Hall Live  
Catalog: 13   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No. 10 / Dausgaard, Seattle Symphony
Release Date: 06/10/2016   Label: Seattle Symphony Orchestra  
Catalog: 1011   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No. 5 & Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Nelsons, Goerne
Release Date: 05/27/2016   Label: Accentus  
Catalog: 20354   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde / Nezet-Seguin, Connolly, Spence, London Philharmonic
Release Date: 10/29/2013   Label: Lpo  
Catalog: 73   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No. 1 / Fischer, Utah Symphony
Release Date: 09/11/2015   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 715   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 2 in C minor "Resurrection"

Browse 51-75 of 126 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    The Mahler Project / Michael Tilson Thomas, San Francisco Symphony
    Label: San Francisco Symphony   Catalog: 39 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Isabel Bayrakdarian,  Lorraine Hunt Lieberson,  Michelle DeYoung,  Alexander Barantschik  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Chorus,  San Francisco Girls Chorus  ... 
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  • 52.
    Bbc Legends: Stokowski
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 50072 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Otto Klemperer  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Rae Woodland
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Goldsmiths' Choral Union,  BBC Choral Society  ... 
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  • 53.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Chailly, Oelze, Connolly, Leipzig Gewandhaus
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 20238 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christiane Oelze,  Sarah Connolly
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Chorus,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Chailly, Oelze, Connolly, Leipzig Gewandhaus [blu-ray]
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 10238 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christiane Oelze,  Sarah Connolly
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Chorus
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  • 55.
    Mahler: Symphonie No. 2 / Stenz, Guerzenich Orchester Koln
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 647 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Markus Stenz
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  • 56.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Jurowski, Stotijn, Kucerova
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 54 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christianne Stotijn,  Adriana Kucerová
    Conductor:  Vladimir Jurowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Choir
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  • 57.
    Klaus Tennstedt - The Complete Mahler Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 94493 Release Date: 06/07/2011   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Doris Soffel,  Edith Mathis,  Ortrun Wenkel,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Choir,  Southend Boys Choir  ... 
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  • 58.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Abravanel, Utah Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 182 Release Date: 05/17/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Beverly Sills,  Florence Kopleff,  Christina Krooskos,  Netania Davrath  ... 
    Conductor:  Maurice Abravanel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra,  University of Utah Civic Chorale,  University of Utah Civic Chorale Women's Voices  ... 
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  • 59.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Rattle, Kozena, Rattle, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 47363 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Kate Royal,  Magdalena Kozená
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus
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  • 60.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Steinberg, Cologne Radio Symphony
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5001 Release Date: 02/22/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Annie Delorie,  Stefania Woytowicz
    Conductor:  William Steinberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Chorus,  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 2
    Label: Cascavelle   Catalog: 3148 Release Date: 02/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Armin Jordan
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  • 62.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 2 / Jansons, Fink, Merbeth, Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 10102 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Bernarda Fink,  Ricarda Merbeth
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
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  • 63.
    Mahler - The People's Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001501802 Release Date: 12/14/2010   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Ileana Cotrubas,  Anna Larsson,  Edith Mathis  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Zubin Mehta,  Claudio Abbado,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 64.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Abbado, Larsson, Gvazana [Blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2053264 Release Date: 09/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anna Larsson,  Eteri Gvazava
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra,  Orféon Donostiarra
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  • 65.
    Seiji Ozawa - Anniversary [11-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001464002 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Trevor Pinnock,  Everett Firth,  Simon Preston,  Kathleen Battle  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 66.
    Mahler: The Complete Works
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 08985 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Wolfram Rieger,  Christa Ludwig,  Fritz Wunderlich  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Sir John Barbirolli,  Otto Klemperer,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 67.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Nott, Bamberg
    Label: Telos   Catalog: 7158 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lioba Braun,  Anne Schanewilms
    Conductor:  Jonathan Nott
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Chorus,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 492 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
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  • 69.
    Mahler: Complete Symphonies / Wit, Halasz, Olson
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501502 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lynda Russell,  Ewa Podles,  Jadwiga Rappé,  Hanna Lisowska
    Conductor:  Robert Olson,  Michael Halász,  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Warsaw Boys' Choir,  Warsaw National Philharmonic Choir  ... 
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  • 70.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 44 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
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  • 71.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Leonard Bernstein [11-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001408102 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Margaret Price,  Kenneth Riegel,  Agnes Baltsa,  Hermann Prey  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
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  • 72.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Maazel, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 38667 Release Date: 03/22/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Eva Martón
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Haitink
    Label: Cso Resound   Catalog: 901914 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Miah Persson,  Christianne Stotijn
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Chorus,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38283 Release Date: 04/22/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Shirley Verrett,  Birgit Finnilä,  Evelyn Mandac
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Temple University Concert Choir,  Singing City Choirs
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  • 75.
    Mahler: Symphonie No 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415959 Release Date: 03/17/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Rosalind Plowright
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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