Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No 7 / Dudamel, Simon Bolivar SO
Release Date: 10/07/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002155002   Number of Discs: 1
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James Levine Conducts Mahler: Symphonies No 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 & 10
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 7686092   Number of Discs: 10
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Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Deyoung, Villars, Oue, Et Al
Release Date: 08/17/1999   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 88   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Abbado, Lucerne Festival Orchestra
Release Date: 05/17/2005   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 2054078   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler - Autopsy Of A Genius
Release Date: 06/28/2011   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 2058838   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 2 in C minor "Resurrection"

Browse 26-50 of 136 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Bruno Walter Conducts Mahler
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 920102 Release Date: 08/07/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Emilia Cundari,  Maureen Forrester,  Mildred Miller,  Desi Halban  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Westminster Choir,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 27.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Margiono, Van Nes, Haitink
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 7040 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Charlotte Margiono,  Jard Van Nes
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Dresden State Opera Chorus
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  • 28.
    Music Is The Language Of The Heart And Soul - A Portrait Of Mariss Jansons
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 709708 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Music Is The Language Of The Heart And Soul - A Portrait Of Mariss Jansons [blu-ray]
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 709804 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Kathleen Ferrier - The Complete Decca Recordings [14 CDs + DVD]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001654200 Release Date: 03/20/2012   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Schubert,  Franz Xaver Gruber  ... 
    Performer:  Zoe Vlachopoulos,  Ann Ayars,  Kathleen Ferrier,  Thornton Lofthouse  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Stiedry,  Reginald Jacques,  Boyd Neel,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Glyndebourne Festival Chorus,  Southern Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bach Choir  ... 
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  • 31.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Simone Young, Hamburg Philharmonic
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 412 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Michaela Kaune,  Dagmar Pecková
    Conductor:  Simone Young
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hamburg Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Of Love Death, and Beyond - Exploring Mahler's Resurrection Symphony [Special Edition]
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4560 Release Date: 01/03/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Susanne Mentzer,  Twyla Robinson
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Choral Artists,  Philadelphia Orchestra members,  Riverside Church Choir New York  ... 
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  • 33.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0492 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
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  • 34.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Boulez, Damrau, Lang [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2054424 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Petra Lang,  Diana Damrau
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
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  • 35.
    A Concert For New York
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 20241 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dorothea Röschmann,  Michelle DeYoung
    Conductor:  Alan Gilbert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Choral Artists,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 36.
    A Concert For New York [Blu-ray]
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 10241 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Michelle DeYoung,  Dorothea Röschmann
    Conductor:  Alan Gilbert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Choral Artists,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 37.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Levine, Vienna
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 837112 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle,  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 38.
    The Mahler Project / Michael Tilson Thomas, San Francisco Symphony
    Label: San Francisco Symphony   Catalog: 39 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Isabel Bayrakdarian,  Lorraine Hunt Lieberson,  Michelle DeYoung,  Alexander Barantschik  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Chorus,  San Francisco Girls Chorus  ... 
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  • 39.
    Bbc Legends: Stokowski
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 50072 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Otto Klemperer  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Rae Woodland
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Goldsmiths' Choral Union,  BBC Choral Society  ... 
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  • 40.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Chailly, Oelze, Connolly, Leipzig Gewandhaus
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 20238 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christiane Oelze,  Sarah Connolly
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Chorus,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Chailly, Oelze, Connolly, Leipzig Gewandhaus [blu-ray]
    Label: Accentus   Catalog: 10238 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christiane Oelze,  Sarah Connolly
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Chorus
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  • 42.
    Mahler: Symphonie No. 2 / Stenz, Guerzenich Orchester Koln
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 647 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Markus Stenz
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  • 43.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Jurowski, Stotijn, Kucerova
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 54 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christianne Stotijn,  Adriana Kucerová
    Conductor:  Vladimir Jurowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Choir
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  • 44.
    Klaus Tennstedt - The Complete Mahler Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 94493 Release Date: 06/07/2011   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Doris Soffel,  Edith Mathis,  Ortrun Wenkel,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Choir,  Southend Boys Choir  ... 
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  • 45.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-10 / Zinman, Zurich
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 72723 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anna Larsson,  Juliane Banse,  Birgit Remmert,  Luba Orgonasova  ... 
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Schweizer Chamber Chorus,  Zurich Vocal Ensemble  ... 
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  • 46.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Abravanel, Utah Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 182 Release Date: 05/17/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Beverly Sills,  Florence Kopleff,  Christina Krooskos,  Netania Davrath  ... 
    Conductor:  Maurice Abravanel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra,  University of Utah Civic Chorale,  University of Utah Civic Chorale Women's Voices  ... 
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  • 47.
    Mahler: Symphonies 1 - 7 / Abbado, Lucerne Festival Orchestra [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058574 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Yuja Wang,  Anna Larsson,  Eteri Gvazava,  Magdalena Kozená
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra,  Orféon Donostiarra,  Tölz Boys Choir  ... 
    Blu-ray Video: $98.99
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  • 48.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Levine, Kilduff, Ludwig, Israel Philharmonic
    Label: Helicon   Catalog: 9634 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Barbara Kilduff,  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  National Choir Rinat,  IHUD Choir  ... 
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  • 49.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Rattle, Kozena, Rattle, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 47363 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Kate Royal,  Magdalena Kozená
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus
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  • 50.
    Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Steinberg, Cologne Radio Symphony
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5001 Release Date: 02/22/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Annie Delorie,  Stefania Woytowicz
    Conductor:  William Steinberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Chorus,  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
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