Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No 7 / Dudamel, Simon Bolivar SO
Release Date: 10/07/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002155002   Number of Discs: 1
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James Levine Conducts Mahler: Symphonies No 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 & 10
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 7686092   Number of Discs: 10
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Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Deyoung, Villars, Oue, Et Al
Release Date: 08/17/1999   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 88   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Lieder / Bernarda Fink
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902173   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Bruno Walter, Vienna Philharmonic
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Andromeda  
Catalog: 5041   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Symphony no 1 in D major "Titan"

Browse 126-150 of 184 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 3253 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Günther Herbig,  Hermann Prey
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 127.
    Schubert: Symphony No 8;  Mahler Symphony No 1 / Walter
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 562021 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 128.
    Horenstein Conducts Mahler
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90669 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Norman Foster
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 129.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Chailly, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000482702 Release Date: 07/12/2005   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Melanie Diener,  Petra Lang,  Barbara Bonney,  Peter Mattei  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Netherlands Children's Choir  ... 
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  • 130.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-9, Adagio / Michael Gielen
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93130 Release Date: 06/14/2005   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Juliane Banse,  Cornelia Kallisch,  Christine Whittlesey,  Wolfgang Hock  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  European Soloists Academy,  Aurelius Boys Choir of Calw  ... 
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  • 131.
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32338 Release Date: 03/29/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Zsolt Hamar
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  • 132.
    Bartók: Piano Concerto No 3;  Mahler / Solti, Fischer, Et Al
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 628041 Release Date: 11/30/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Annie Fischer
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 133.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1; Ives: Central Park / Gielen, Swr
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93097 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Ives,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 134.
    Berlioz: Requiem; Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Abravanel, Bressler, Et Al
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1506 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Charles Bressler
    Conductor:  Maurice Abravanel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra,  University of Utah Civic Chorale
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  • 135.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1;  Sibelius: Valse Triste / Chmura, Etc
    Label: Cd Accord   Catalog: 124 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Jean Sibelius
    Conductor:  Gabriel Chmura
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 136.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Slatkin, St. Louis SO
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80066 Release Date: 06/24/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Leonard Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 137.
    Mahler: Symphonies Nos 1 & 9 / Jansons, Oslo
    Label: Simax   Catalog: 1270 Release Date: 04/07/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 138.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Muti, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 74963 Release Date: 03/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 139.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1; Reger: Ballet Suite / Jordan, Keilberth
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 7495872 Release Date: 02/24/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Max Reger
    Conductor:  Armin Jordan,  Joseph Keilberth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Hamburg State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 140.
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3666 Release Date: 09/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
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  • 141.
    Mitropoulos Conducts Mahler: Symphonies 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1021 Release Date: 07/14/2002   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Otto Edelmann,  Mimi Coertse,  Hilde Zadek  ... 
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Boys' Choir  ... 
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  • 142.
    Mahler - The Complete Recordings / Sinopoli, Philharmonia
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471451 Release Date: 05/14/2002   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Bernd Weikl,  Iris Vermillion,  Keith Lewis,  Brigitte Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Shinyukai Choir  ... 
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  • 143.
    Naxos Musical Journey - Mahler: Symphony No 1
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 151024 Release Date: 02/12/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Zdenek Kosler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 144.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1, Ruckert Lieder / Ozawa, Fischer-Dieskau, Bohm
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469660 Release Date: 09/18/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 145.
    Westminster - Mahler: Symphony No 1, Adagio / Scherchen
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471246 Release Date: 09/18/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra
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  • 146.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 2 / Tennstedt, Mathis, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 74182 Release Date: 02/13/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Doris Soffel,  Edith Mathis
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Choir
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  • 147.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Solti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458622 Release Date: 02/06/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 148.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 5 / Bernstein
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469154 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 149.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Levi, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80545 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Yoel Levi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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  • 150.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Rafael Kubelik, Bavarian Radio
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95467 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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