Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less

Work: Symphony no 1 in D major "Titan"

Browse 101-125 of 172 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 1 / Suitner, Dresden Staatskapelle [Vinyl]
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 33221 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 102.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Dohnányi, Cleveland Orch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 425718 Release Date: 09/02/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 In D Major
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 663 Release Date: 06/10/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 104.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 6 / Levine, London Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 38130 Release Date: 02/26/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 9 / Schwarz, Royal Liverpool Po
    Label: Artek   Catalog: 41 Release Date: 01/29/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Label: Relief Classical   Catalog: 991068 Release Date: 01/01/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Gustav Mahler
    CD: $17.99
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  • 107.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Kegel, Dresden Po
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 4913 Release Date: 12/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Herbert Kegel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra
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    CD: $9.99
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  • 108.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 4 / Farberman, London Symphony
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5123 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Corinne Curry
    Conductor:  Harold Farberman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $13.99
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  • 109.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-10, Das Klagende Lied, Etc / Rattle
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 00721 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Birgit Remmert,  Simon Keenlyside,  Amanda Roocroft,  Soile Isokoski  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Youth Chorus,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 110.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Haitink, Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: Philips Insignia Series   Catalog: 434728 Release Date: 08/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 111.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Levine, LSO
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 0894 Release Date: 07/16/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 112.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Jansons, Et Al
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 7001 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Solti, Chicago SO
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000894802 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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    CD: $11.99
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  • 114.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 8 / Klaus Tennstedt
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 67743 Release Date: 10/03/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Eike Wilm Schulte,  Kenneth Riegel,  Julia Varády,  Jane Eaglen  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 115.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Leaper, Gran Canaria
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 433140 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grand Canary Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Mahler: Songs Of A Wayfarer, Symphony No 1 / Tennstedt, Lpo
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 2 / Haitink, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000654009 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sylvia McNair,  Jard Van Nes
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ernst Senff Choir
    DVD: $32.99
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  • 118.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Norington, Stuttgart Radio Symphony
    Label: Swr Music   Catalog: 93137 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 119.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Kubelik, Italian Rso Turin
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 55200 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
    CD: $17.99
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  • 120.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Mahler I: Symphonies 1-4, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000532202 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Christa Ludwig,  Barbara Hendricks,  Helmut Wittek  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brooklyn Boys Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $47.98
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  • 121.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1, Etc / Maltman, Zander, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80628 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christopher Maltman
    Conductor:  Benjamin Zander,  John Page
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra Off-Stage Brass
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  • 122.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 3253 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Günther Herbig,  Hermann Prey
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 123.
    Schubert: Symphony No 8;  Mahler Symphony No 1 / Walter
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 562021 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 124.
    Horenstein Conducts Mahler
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90669 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Norman Foster
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 125.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Chailly, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000482702 Release Date: 07/12/2005   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Melanie Diener,  Petra Lang,  Barbara Bonney,  Peter Mattei  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Netherlands Children's Choir  ... 
    On sale! $95.98
    CD: $91.49
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