Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.

Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.

The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less

Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Shipway, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 08/09/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28750   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony no 2
Release Date: 09/24/2013   Label: Linn Records  
Catalog: 452   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Simonov, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 03/09/2010   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28630   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 2  (Arranged For Small Orchestra) / Kaplan, Vienna Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2290   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphonies 1-9 / Gergiev, London Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 11/13/2012   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 730   Number of Discs: 10
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Work: Symphony no 1 in D major "Titan"

Browse 101-125 of 177 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Zinman, Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 87156 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Legendary Treasures - Mahler: Symphony No 1 And 9 / Kletzki
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7850 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Paul Kletzki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 8 / Klaus Tennstedt
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 67743 Release Date: 10/03/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Eike Wilm Schulte,  Kenneth Riegel,  Julia Varády,  Jane Eaglen  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 104.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Leaper, Gran Canaria Filarmonica
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 433140 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grand Canary Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Mahler: Songs Of A Wayfarer, Symphony No 1 / Tennstedt, Lpo
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Mahler: Symphonies / Neumann, Czech Po, Et Al
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3880 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Gabriela Benacková,  Eva Randová,  Miroslav Kejmar,  Christa Ludwig  ... 
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Kühn Children's Chorus  ... 
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  • 107.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 2 / Haitink, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000654009 Release Date: 07/04/2006  
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sylvia McNair,  Jard Van Nes
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ernst Senff Choir
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  • 108.
    Classic Library - Mahler: Symphony No 1 Etc / Ormandy, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 76233 Release Date: 03/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  Gilbert Johnson
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Norington, Stuttgart Radio Symphony
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93137 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Roger Norrington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 110.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Edo De Waart, Minnesota Orchestra
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 82126 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra
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  • 111.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Kubelik, Italian Rso Turin
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 55200 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 112.
    Mahler: Symphonies 1-10, Etc / Bertini, Kölner Rundfunk
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 40238 Release Date: 01/10/2006   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Ben Heppner,  Marjana Lipovsek,  Florence Quivar,  Paul Frey  ... 
    Conductor:  Gary Bertini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Little Singers Of Tokyo,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus  ... 
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  • 113.
    Mahler: Symphonies Nos. 1 - 10
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463738 Release Date: 01/02/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Franz Crass,  Martina Arroyo,  Donald Grobe  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Motet Choir,  Bavarian Radio Chorus  ... 
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  • 114.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Mahler I: Symphonies 1-4, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000532202 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Christa Ludwig,  Barbara Hendricks,  Helmut Wittek  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brooklyn Boys Chorus  ... 
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  • 115.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1, Etc / Maltman, Zander, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80628 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christopher Maltman
    Conductor:  Benjamin Zander,  John Page
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra Off-Stage Brass
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  • 116.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 3253 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Günther Herbig,  Hermann Prey
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Schubert: Symphony No 8;  Mahler Symphony No 1 / Walter
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 562021 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 118.
    Horenstein Conducts Mahler
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90669 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Norman Foster
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 119.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Chailly, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000482702 Release Date: 07/12/2005   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Melanie Diener,  Petra Lang,  Barbara Bonney,  Peter Mattei  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Netherlands Children's Choir  ... 
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  • 120.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-9, Adagio / Michael Gielen
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93130 Release Date: 06/14/2005   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Juliane Banse,  Cornelia Kallisch,  Christine Whittlesey,  Wolfgang Hock  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  European Soloists Academy,  Aurelius Boys Choir of Calw  ... 
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  • 121.
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32338 Release Date: 03/29/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Zsolt Hamar
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  • 122.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Kondrashin, Ndr Sinfonieorchester
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 62856 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 123.
    Bartók: Piano Concerto No 3;  Mahler / Solti, Fischer, Et Al
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 628041 Release Date: 11/30/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Annie Fischer
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 124.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1; Ives: Central Park / Gielen, Swr
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93097 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Ives,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 125.
    The Chicago Recordings / Carlo Maria Giulini (4 Cd Set)
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85974 Release Date: 06/15/2004   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Hector Berlioz,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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